Barbara (given name)

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Barbara
St barbara.jpg
Gender Female
Language(s) Greek
Origin
Meaning "foreign" (as in "barbarian")
Other names
See also Barbra, Babs, Barbie, Barby, Barb

Barbara is a female given name used in numerous languages. It is the feminine form of the Greek word barbaros (Greek: βαρβαρος) meaning "foreign".[citation needed] In Spanish, Portuguese and Italian it means barbarian or barbaric. In Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox tradition, Saint Barbara was martyred by her father, who was then punished with death by lightning. As such, St. Barbara is a protectress against fire and lightning. Other saints of this name include Barbara Avrillot (Barbe Aurillot, known as Marie of the Incarnation) and Barbara Koob (Marianne Cope).

Today, Barbara remains among the top 100 most popular names for female babies born in Chile, Hungary, Poland[1] and Slovakia. It is among the top 10 names given to baby girls born in both the Czech Republic and Georgia in 2012. The Russian variant Varvara is also returning to popularity in former Soviet republics such as Estonia, where it ranked among the top names for girls in 2012, and in Russia, where it was the eighth most popular name for girls born in 2013 in Moscow. Its popularity in the United States has declined from third place, in the 1930s, to 838th place, in 2013, when it was used for 310 newborn American girls. The Russian form of the name, Varvara, was given to just 11 American girls in 2013.[2] [3]

In Italy Barbara was particularly popular during the 1970s: it is among the top 10 names given to girls born from 1969 to 1977, rising to 2nd place (behind Maria) in 1971.[4] In the same year it was the most common name for girls born in Rome and in Bologna.[5]

Variants[edit]

People with the given name Barbara (or variants)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "100 najpopularniejszych imion dla dzieci w 2009 roku". Gazetaprawna.pl. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  2. ^ Mike Campbell. "Popularity for Barbara". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  3. ^ http://www.ssa.gov/cgi-bin/babyname.cgi
  4. ^ Cfr. Alda Rossebastiano-Elena Papa, I nomi di persona in Italia: dizionario storico ed etimologico, Torino, UTET, 2005 (in italian).
  5. ^ Cfr. Enzo Caffarelli, L'onomastica personale nella città di Roma dalla fine del secolo XIX ad oggi. Per una nuova prospettivi di sociografia e cronografia antroponimica, Tubinga, Niemeyer, 1996 (in italian).