Barbara Aland

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Barbara Aland
Barbara Aland.jpg
Barbara Aland (1998)
Born 1937
Region New Testament Studies
School New Testament textual criticism
Main interests
the text of the New Testament
Notable ideas
Categories of New Testament manuscripts

Barbara Aland, née Ehlers (born 12 April 1937 in Hamburg, Germany) is a German theologian and was a Professor of New Testament Research and Church History at Westphalian Wilhelms-University of Münster until 2002.

Biography[edit]

Barbara and Kurt Aland (1988)

After having completed her degree of Theology and Classical Philology in Frankfurt, Marburg and Kiel she received the PhD (dissertation about the Sokratic Aischines) in 1964 in Frankfurt/Germany. In 1969 she gained her licentiate at the "Oriental Faculty" of Pontificio Istituto Biblico in Rome, Italy. In 1972 she could habilitate in Göttingen about the Syrian gnostic Bardesanes of Edessa. Since 1972 she acted as private lecturer, later on she became professorship for "Church History and New Testament Research with eminently consideration of Christian Orient" at the Evangelisch-Theologischen Fakultät in Münster, Germany. 1983 she became director of the Institute for New Testament Textual Research (which was founded in 1959 by her husband Kurt Aland) and also the Biblemuseum.

This institute achieved worldwide significance by publishing the Novum Testamentum Graece also known as Nestle-Aland. Until her retirement Barbara Aland was also the director of Hermann-Kunst-Stiftung for Promotion of New Testament Research. She is still constantly working academically, even in her retirement.

Relevance[edit]

Kurt Aland and Barbara Aland visiting Pope John Paul II (1984)

Barbara Aland firstly became international high profile due to the work on the Novum Testamentum Graece (Greek New Testament) which she attended together with her husband Kurt Aland. Both of them collaborated significantly with an international and interconfessional group of theologians on the approvement and updating of the "Greek New Testament" also known as Nestle-Aland. This edition (published by the Institute in Münster) forms the basis of apprenticeship and research worldwide.

Furthermore she published the first supplies of the "Editio Critica Maior" in 1997. This edition is based on the complete tradition of Greek manuscripts, patristical excerpt and old translations for the first time ever.[1]

In 1999 she was founding member of the "Academia Platonica Septima Monasteriensis", which does not focus its attention primarily on the works of Plato, but rather on the writings of his early interpreters, from ancient times until the Renaissance. The Academy's goal is to promote the study of Platonist writings.[2]

Honors[edit]

German theologian Prof. Dr. Barbara Aland receives "Knight's Cross" of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, July 2011

Barbara Aland achieved the following honorary doctoral degrees:

She received following awards:

Works[edit]

Monographs

  • (as Barbara Ehlers): Eine vorplatonische Deutung des sokratischen Eros. Der Dialog Aspasia des Sokratikers Aischines. Diss. Frankfurt am Main 1964, published 1966 (Zetemata, issue 41).
  • (with Kurt Aland): Der Text des Neuen Testaments. Einführung in die wissenschaftlichen Ausgaben sowie in Theorie und Praxis der modernen Textkritik, 1982.
    • English translation: The text of the New Testament. An introduction to the critical editions and to the theory and practice of modern textual criticism. 1987.
  • Erziehung durch Kirchengeschichte? Ein Plädoyer für mehr Kirchengeschichte im Religionsunterricht. Published: Idea e.V., 1984.
  • Frühe direkte Auseinandersetzung zwischen Christen, Heiden und Häretikern. 2005.
  • Was ist Gnosis? Studien zum frühen Christentum, zu Marcion und zur kaiserzeitlichen Philosophie. 2009

Editions of the New Testament

  • A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. A Companion Volume to the United Bible Societies Greek New Testament (third edition) by B. M. Metzger on behalf of and in cooperation with the Editorial Committee of the United Bible Societies Greek New Testament K. Aland, M. Black, C. M. Martini, B. M. Metzger and A. Wikgren, 1971.
  • Novum Testamentum Graece post Eberhard Nestle et Erwin Nestle communiter ed. K. Aland, M. Black, C. M. Martini, B. M. Metzger, A. Wikgren, apparatum criticum recens. et editionem novis curis elaborav. K. Aland et B. Aland una cum Instituto studiorum textus Novi Testamenti Monasteriensi (Westphalia), 26. Aufl., 1979.
  • Novum Testamentum Latine. Novam Vulgatam Bibliorum Sacrorum Editionem secuti apparatibus titulisque additis ediderunt Kurt Aland et Barbara Aland una cum Instituto studiorum textus Novi Testamenti Monasteriensi, 1984.
  • Griechisch-deutsches Wörterbuch zu den Schriften des Neuen Testaments und der frühchristlichen Literatur by Walter Bauer. 6., völlig neu bearbeitete Auflage im Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung/Münster unter besonderer Mitwirkung von Viktor Reichmann hrsg. von Kurt Aland und Barbara Aland, 1988.

Publications

  • Gnosis. Festschrift für Hans Jonas, in Verbindung mit Ugo Bianchi, hrsg. von Barbara Aland, 1978.
  • Günther Zuntz: Lukian von Antiochien und der Text der Evangelien. Hrsg. von Barbara Aland und Klaus Wachtel. Mit einem Nachruf auf den Author von Martin Hengel, 1995.
  • Die Weltlichkeit des Glaubens in der Alten Kirche. Festschrift für Ulrich Wickert zum siebzigsten Geburtstag. In Verbindung mit Barbara Aland und Christoph Schäublin hrsg. von Dietmar Wyrwa, 1997.
  • Literarische Konstituierung von Identifikationsfiguren in der Antike, hrsg. von Barbara Aland, 2003.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [WestG] [AKT] Zum 70. Geburtstag von Barbara Aland
  2. ^ http://www.academia-platonica.de/index-en.html
  3. ^ Was ist Gnosis? Studien zum frühen Christentum, zu Marcion und zur kaiserzeitlichen Philosophie / Barbara Aland,2009, footnote page 25
  4. ^ MUZ - Münster Universität-Zeitung, Ausgabe 06/98
  5. ^ Barbara Aland Mohr Siebeck
  6. ^ http://www.bezreg-arnsberg.nrw.de/presse/2011/07/103_11/index.php

External links[edit]