Barbara D. Underwood
|Barbara D. Underwood|
|New York Solicitor General|
|Appointed by||Andrew Cuomo|
|Preceded by||Caitlin Halligan|
|Acting Solicitor General|
January 2001 – June 2001
|Preceded by||Seth P. Waxman|
|Succeeded by||Theodore Olson|
|Principal Deputy Solicitor General|
|Appointed by||Janet Reno|
|Born||August 16, 1944
|Alma mater||Radcliffe College
Georgetown University Law Center
Barbara D. Underwood (born August 16, 1944) is New York Solicitor General. She was initially appointed to her position by New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo in January 2007, and reappointed in 2011 by New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman.
Early life 
Underwood was born in Evansville, Indiana, to Dr. Robert Underwood and Mildred Underwood. She grew up in Belleville, New Jersey, and is the eldest of three daughters. Underwood graduated from Radcliffe College in 1966 and received her law degree from Georgetown University Law Center in 1969.
Legal career 
After graduation, Underwood clerked for Chief Judge David L. Bazelon of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and then Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall of the Supreme Court. After leaving the court, Underwood was a law professor for 10 years at the Yale Law School. She also has taught at Brooklyn Law School and at New York University School of Law.
In 1998, Underwood was appointed by United States Attorney General Janet Reno to be Principal Deputy Solicitor General under Solicitor General Seth P. Waxman. Underwood held that position for three years, and then served as Acting Solicitor General from January to June 2001.
Underwood has lived in New York City since 1982. She is married to Martin Halpern, a composer, librettist, poet, playwright, and former Brandeis University professor of playwriting and dramatic literature. They live in Brooklyn and have one son, Robert, born in 1986.
- Underwood Appointed Principal Deputy Solicitor General, United States Department of Justice press release, 11 March 1998.