|Barbara Frum, OC|
|Birth name||Barbara Rosberg|
September 8, 1937|
Niagara Falls, New York, USA
|Died||March 26, 1992
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Show||As It Happens|
Barbara Frum was born Barbara Rosberg to a Jewish family in Niagara Falls, New York, the oldest of three children of Harold Rosberg and Florence Hirschowitz Rosberg. Frum’s father, who was born in Kielce, Poland and emigrated to Canada as a child with his parents in 1913, was the proprietor of Rosberg’s Department Store in Niagara Falls, Ontario. Frum's mother was born in New York City, and moved to Canada in 1935, the year she got married. Frum grew up in Niagara Falls, Ontario. She studied history at the University of Toronto, where she graduated with a BA in 1959. In 1957, she married Toronto dentist Murray Frum, who later became a real-estate developer. They had two children and adopted a third, an aboriginal child. Her daughter, Linda Frum, is a Canadian senator and a member of the Canada-Israel Committee, and her son, David Frum became a political journalist, and a speech writer for George W. Bush as well as becoming a member of AIPAC after emigrating to the United States.
After her graduation, Frum undertook volunteer work in the community and began writing for the Toronto Star as a freelancer, specializing in social-issues stories. In 1971, she joined CBC Radio as one of the first hosts of As It Happens, a newsmagazine program which used the telephone to conduct live interviews with newsmakers and other witnesses to news events, as well as quirky human-interest stories. Frum's skills as a tough, incisive and well-informed interviewer quickly made the program one of CBC Radio's most popular and enduring programs (it still airs today, in virtually the same format), and she continued to host until 1981.
Between October 1974 and July 1975, she hosted her own self-titled talk show, first locally broadcast in Toronto until May 1975 before the program moved to the national CBC network for seven shows in June and July 1975. The shows featured both interviews with personalities and special segments devoted to isolated topics.
In 1981, CBC Television created The Journal, a newsmagazine series which would follow The National each night at 10:22 p.m., and Frum and Mary Lou Finlay were hired as the show's hosts. On January 11, 1982, The Journal debuted as a showcase for features which delved more deeply into the day's news than the traditional newscast format of The National.
The show included field reports, short documentaries, public forums, debates, business, sports, and arts and science news, but Frum's interviews were the show's centrepiece, and made it one of Canadian television's most popular programs. After the first year, Frum became the sole host of the program, although Finlay continued to be associated with the program as a reporter and documentarian. Frum interviewed many notable people, including British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Nelson Mandela.
She angered many when, on December 7, 1989 on The Journal, she refused to acknowledge that the École Polytechnique massacre, by a killer who proclaimed as he shot and stabbed women, "I hate feminists!", was an attack on women and feminism, saying: "Why do we diminish it by suggesting that it was an act against just one group?"
Frum was frequently parodied on CODCO by Greg Malone, whose portrayal involved the recurring catchphrase "But are you bitter?" Frum and Malone (in his Frum drag) also presented a Gemini Award together.
Frum was also the inspiration for the muppet "Barbara Plum", host of "The Notebook", on Canadian Sesame Street (later reworked as Sesame Park). In the Canadian animated series The Raccoons, Frum herself portrayed a reporter called "Barbara LaFrum", who interviewed Cyril Sneer after his pigs told her of his unsavoury business practices.
Awards and honours
Frum received four Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television and Radio Artists (ACTRA) Awards, won the National Press Club of Canada Award for Outstanding Contribution to Canadian Journalism in 1975, and was named to the Order of Canada in 1979.
Death and legacy
Frum died of chronic leukemia on March 26, 1992. The illness had been first diagnosed in 1974, but only a small circle of family and friends knew about it. On the evening of her death, virtually the entire broadcasts of both The National and The Journal were a tribute to her and a retrospective of her career. Among the many tributes was an editorial cartoon depicting her at the gates of Heaven with a reporter's notebook, insisting on interviewing God. Several other editorial cartoons simply depicted The Journal's set with an empty anchor chair.
Following her death, instead of hiring a new host for The Journal the CBC radically revamped its entire approach to news programming, The National and The Journal were merged into a new program called Prime Time News. The atrium in the CBC Centre in Toronto was named 'Barbara Frum Atrium' in her honour.
The Toronto Public Library branch, located at 20 Covington Rd in a largely Jewish neighborhood, donated by Murray Frum, was opened shortly after Frum's death, and named 'Barbara Frum Library' in her honour. Frum was in the foreground on the Canadian stamp honouring CBC in 1999, a television biography, “The Life and Times of Barbara Frum”, was broadcast on CBC in 2002, and a day lily has been named the 'Barbara Frum Day Lily' in recognition of her enthusiasm for gardening.
Frum's daughter Linda, a conservative author and journalist, wrote a best-selling biography of her mother in 1996. She was appointed to the Senate of Canada as a Conservative by Prime Minister Stephen Harper in August 2009. Frum's son, David, is a political journalist and author of several books. He collaborated with others in coining the phrase "Axis of Evil" while a speech writer for George W. Bush. Frum's adopted son Matthew, a First Nations child whom the Frums adopted in the 1960s during the so-called Sixties Scoop, had problems as a teenager, and ultimately reclaimed his aboriginal roots and renewed contact with his birth parents.
- Brown, Michael (March 1, 2009). "Barbara Frum". Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Philip, Margaret (February 23, 1999). "The battle over native adoption". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Lamontagne, Manon. "Frum, Barbara". The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
- Corcelli, John (April 2002). "Barbara Frum". Canadian Communications Foundation. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- "Barbara Frum (Series) (1974-1975)". TVarchive. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Allor, Martin. "The National and the Journal". The Museum of Broadcast Communications (MBC). Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Barbara Frum (September 27, 1983). "Margaret Thatcher: Britain's Iron Lady". CBC Digital Archives (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Barbara Frum (February 14, 1990). "In South Africa with Nelson Mandela". CBC Digital Archives (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Ruddy, Jenn & Curry, Elizabeth (December 2004). "Reframing violence against women". The Commonwealth 64 (5).
- "Famous Canadian Women on Stamps". Famous Canadian Women.com. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- "The Life and Times of Barbara Frum". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. September 17, 2002. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- "Barbara Frum Atrium". Canadian Broadcasting Centre. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Solomon, Deborah (January 6, 2008). "Right Hand Man". The New York Times. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- "Barbara Frum Public Library". Toronto Public Library. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Leblanc, Daniel (August 28, 2009). "Harper Gets Even". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- Barbara Frum at the Internet Movie Database
- CBC Digital Archives - Barbara Frum: Pioneering Broadcaster
- Order of Canada Citation
- AV Preservation Trust - Barbara Frum: As It Happens (1971-1981)
- Images from the Historic Niagara Digital Collections at Niagara Falls Ont. Public Library
- Ontario's Small Jewish Communities, Niagara Falls