French theatrical poster
|Directed by||Roger Vadim|
|Produced by||Dino De Laurentiis|
by Jean-Claude Forest
|Music by||Maurice Jarre|
|Edited by||Victoria Mercanton|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Running time||98 minutes|
|Box office||$2.5 million (US)|
Barbarella is a 1968 French-Italian science fiction film based on Jean-Claude Forest's French Barbarella comics. The film stars Jane Fonda in the title role and was directed by Roger Vadim, who was Fonda's husband at the time. The film was not popular at its release, but received greater attention afterward with a 1977 re-release. It has since become a cult film.
In an unspecified future, Barbarella is assigned by the President of Earth to retrieve Doctor Durand Durand from the Tau Ceti region. Durand Durand is the inventor of the Positronic Ray, a weapon that Earth leaders fear will fall into the wrong hands. Barbarella crashes on the 16th planet of Tau Ceti and is soon knocked unconscious by two mysterious girls, who take Barbarella to the wreckage of a spaceship. Inside the wreckage, she is tied up and several children emerge from within the ship. They set out several dolls which have razor sharp teeth. As the dolls begin to bite her, Barbarella faints but is rescued by Mark Hand, the Catchman, who patrols the ice looking for errant children. While Hand takes her back to her ship, Barbarella offers to reward Mark and he suggests sex. She says that people on Earth no longer have penetrative intercourse but consume exaltation transference pills and press their palms together when their "psychocardiograms are in perfect harmony". Hand prefers the bed, and Barbarella agrees. Hand's vessel makes long loops around Barbarella's crashed vessel while the two have sex, and when it finally comes to a stop, Barbarella is blissfully humming. After Hand repairs her ship, Barbarella departs and promises to return, agreeing that doing things the old-fashioned way is occasionally best.
Barbarella's ship burrows through the planet and comes out next to a vast labyrinth. Upon emerging from her ship, she is knocked unconscious by a rockslide. She is found by a blind angel named Pygar, who states he is the last of the ornithanthropes and has lost the will to fly. Barbarella discovers the labyrinth is a prison for people cast out of Sogo, the City of Night. Pygar introduces her to Professor Ping, who offers to repair her ship. Ping also notes that Pygar is capable of flight but merely lacks the will. After Pygar rescues her from the Black Guards, Barbarella has sex with him, and he regains his will to fly. Pygar flies Barbarella to Sogo and uses the weaponry she brought with her to destroy the city's guards. Sogo is a decadent city ruled over by the Great Tyrant and powered by a liquid essence of evil called the Mathmos. Barbarella is briefly separated from Pygar, and meets a one-eyed wench who saves her from being assaulted by two of Sogo's residents. Barbarella soon reunites with Pygar and the two are taken by the Concierge to meet the Great Tyrant. Pygar is left to become the Great Tyrant's plaything, while Barbarella is placed in a cage, to be pecked to death by birds.
Barbarella is rescued by Dildano, leader of the resistance. Barbarella eagerly offers to reward him, but he says he wants to experience sex the Earthling way. Dildano offers to help Barbarella find Durand Durand in exchange for her help in deposing the Great Tyrant. Barbarella is captured by the Concierge and placed inside the Excessive Machine, which the Concierge says will cause her to die of pleasure. Barbarella writhes in ecstasy, and the machine overloads, unable to keep up with her. Barbarella then discovers the Concierge is none other than Durand Durand, aged thirty years due to the Mathmos.
Durand Durand traps Barbarella, and, as he prepares to crown himself lord of Sogo, Dildano launches his revolution. Durand Durand uses his Positronic Ray to decimate the rebels. The Great Tyrant then releases the Mathmos, which consumes all of Sogo and Durand Durand with it. Barbarella and the Great Tyrant are protected from the Mathmos by Barbarella's innate goodness. They emerge from the Mathmos to find Pygar. Pygar flies Barbarella and the Tyrant away from the Mathmos. When asked by Barbarella why he saved the Tyrant after everything she had done to him, Pygar responds, "An angel has no memory."
- Jane Fonda as Barbarella
- Ugo Tognazzi as Mark Hand
- Anita Pallenberg (dubbed by Joan Greenwood) as The Great Tyrant, Black Queen of Sogo
- Milo O'Shea as Durand Durand / Concierge
- Marcel Marceau as Professor Ping
- Claude Dauphin as President Dianthus of Earth
- David Hemmings as Dildano
- John Phillip Law as Pygar, the angel
- Fabienne Fabre as the tree woman
Producer Dino De Laurentiis invited Fonda to the project after Sophia Lauren and Brigitte Bardot turned down the starring role. Though Fonda also declined, Vadim convinced her to change her mind. Her father, Henry Fonda, was the original choice for the President of Earth. Production began in 1967 in Rome. Fashion designer Paco Rabanne was responsible for Fonda's costume. Rabanne was influenced by the women's liberation movement and designed outfits in the style of metal armor, drawing influencing from an Indian philosophy that posited an age of iron.
In 1977, the film was re-released as Barbarella: Queen of the Galaxy in an edited version that removed some nudity. This edited version was released for the home video market on VHS, Betamax, CED disc, and Laserdisc. Later video release versions on VHS, Laserdisc (Widescreen version), DVD, and Blu-ray disc use the 1977 artwork, the Queen of the Galaxy name, and the PG rating on the packaging, but the film in those releases is the original 1968 version.
The Blu-ray was released in July 2012 and features the 1968 theatrical trailer as the disc's only bonus feature.
The film was both a box office and critical failure on its release. Variety 's review stated that "Despite a certain amount of production dash and polish and a few silly-funny lines of dialogue, Barbarella isn't very much of a film. Based on what has been called an adult comic strip, the Dino De Laurentiis production is flawed with a cast that is not particularly adept at comedy, a flat script, and direction which can't get this beached whale afloat." The film has garnered a 74% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
The Los Angeles Times wrote that although the film may seem "quaint" to modern audiences, its "imagery has echoed for years in pop culture". The New York Times called Barbarella "the most iconic sex goddess of the 60's." The film popularized the comic book character, influenced the design of other comic book heroines, and helped to launch Fonda's career. The fashions influenced Jean-Paul Gaultier's designs in The Fifth Element. 1980s music group Duran Duran named themselves after Dr. Durand Durand. Kylie Minogue referenced the film's opening scene in the video for her 1994 song "Put Yourself in My Place", as did Jem in her 2004 video "They" and Ariana Grande in her 2014 song "Break Free". Prince has cited the film as an inspiration for "Endorphin Machine".
A remake of Barbarella has been planned for years, starting soon after plans for a sequel with Fonda fell through in the mid to late 1970s. Original screenplay writer Roger Vadim said that he would be open to making a sequel with actresses Sherilyn Fenn or Drew Barrymore in the title role, but nothing came of it.
The most serious planning of the long-proposed remake began in early 2008. This remake would have been produced and released by Universal Studios, with one-time James Bond screenwriters Neal Purvis and Robert Wade penning the script, and Dino and Martha De Laurentiis heading as producers.
Sin City director Robert Rodriguez was soon after announced as the slated director for the remake. Early candidates for the role of Barbarella were actresses Erica Durance of the WB's Smallville, Sienna Miller, and Rodriguez's Grindhouse star Rose McGowan. Later news articles confirmed that McGowan had been cast as the title role. Universal Studios eventually backed out of the movie with some news sources speculating that it was due to studio executives doubting McGowan's ability to carry a big budget movie and that the studio had slashed the budget after learning of McGowan winning the role. Rodriguez denied this, stating, "Universal had initially signed on for $60 million, but then when we were done with the script it wound up at closer to $82 million."[unreliable source]
Due to Universal insisting on lowering the cost of the film and on recasting the role of Barbarella, Rodriguez shopped the remake to other studios in the hopes of gaining a larger budget allowance and retaining McGowan as Barbarella. Rodriguez has stated that the large budget needs stem from the fact that the majority of the movie takes place in outer space, and that "we don’t want the movie to look like the original." Rodriguez said he abandoned the project in May 2009 after he turned down a $70 million budget that required shooting in Germany. Expressing regret for the undone film, he thought he could not be away from his five children for as long as it would take if shot in Germany.
- "Barbarella". Index to Motion Picture Credits. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
- "Jane Fonda Fast Facts". CNN. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Barbarella". The Numbers. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Big Rental Films of 1968", Variety, 8 January 1969 p 15. Please note this figure is a rental accruing to distributors.
- Bosworth, Patricia (2011). Jane Fonda: The Private Life of a Public Woman. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 250–253. ISBN 9780547152578.
- Bayley, Stephen (19 January 2008). "Style of the times". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
- Eisner, Lisa; Alonso, Roman (10 March 2002). "Style; Man of Steel". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- John Wayne-money-spinner The Guardian (1959-2003) [London (UK)] 31 Dec 1968: 3.
- Hughes, Howard (2014). Outer Limits: The Filmgoers' Guide to the Great Science-fiction Films. I.B. Tauris. p. 103. ISBN 9781780761664.
- Nashawaty, Chris (29 June 2012). "'Barbarella' and Beyond". Entertainment Weekly (1214). Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Akbar, Arifa (2 December 2012). "Barbarella, the queen of cult sci-fi, is reborn for the 21st century". Irish Independent. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Barbarella – Queen of the Galaxy (France – Italy)". Variety. 1 January 1968. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- "Barbarella Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- Vankin, Deborah; Boucher, Geoff (27 January 2011). "Jane Fonda: I want to star in ‘Barbarella’ sequel". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "J.-C. Forest, 68, Cartoonist Who Dreamt Up 'Barbarella'". The New York Times. 3 January 1999. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Taylor, Andy (2008). Wild Boy: My Life in Duran Duran. Grand Central Publishing. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-446-54606-5.
- "Ariana Grande shares album cover + video preview 'Break Free'". Pop Sirens. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- "Barbarella". Archived from the original on 7 March 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Fleming, Michael (11 April 2007). "'Barbarella' back in action". Variety. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- "Robert Rodriguez to Direct Barbarella". ComingSoon.net. 22 May 2007. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- ELLE (30 September 2007). "Breaking News". Fashion.elle.com. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- Matt Holmes (18 October 2007). "Universal not Fonda of Rose as BARBARELLA". Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Morgan, Spencer (16 October 2007). "Barbar-hella! Robert Rodriguez Is Fonda of Rose McGowan in Queen of the Galaxy Role, But Universal Winces". New York Observer. Archived from the original on 19 October 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2007.
- "Robert Rodriguez scraps Barbarella remake". Thaindian.com. Sampun Wire. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- Wendy Mitchell (6 August 2009). "New 'Barbarella' expected to be sexy but less campy". News-briefs.ew.com. Time Inc. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Barbarella|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barbarella (film).|
- Barbarella at the Internet Movie Database
- Barbarella at the TCM Movie Database
- Barbarella at AllMovie
- Barbarella at Rotten Tomatoes