Barber–Scotia College

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Barber–Scotia College
Motto Lumen Veritas et Utilitas
Motto in English Knowledge, Truth, and Service
Established 1867
Type Private, HBCU
Religious affiliation Presbyterian Church (USA)
Chairman Rev. Dr. Ed Best, Jr.
President Dr. David Olah
Students 120[1]
Location Concord, North Carolina, United States
Colors Royal Blue and Grey
Sports Independent Track, Men's and Women's Basketball (Beginning Fall 2009)
Mascot Saber-tooth tiger
Affiliations Applicant for Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools Accreditation (January 2009)
Website www.b-sc.edu
Barber–Scotia College
ConcordNC Barber-ScotiaCollege 0574.jpg
Barber–Scotia College is located in North Carolina
Barber–Scotia College
Location 145 Cabarrus Ave. West, Concord, North Carolina
Coordinates 35°24′23″N 80°35′9″W / 35.40639°N 80.58583°W / 35.40639; -80.58583Coordinates: 35°24′23″N 80°35′9″W / 35.40639°N 80.58583°W / 35.40639; -80.58583
Built 1876
Architect Ahrens,F. W.
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Second Empire, Italianate
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference #

85000378

[2]
Added to NRHP February 28, 1985

Barber–Scotia College is a historically black college located in Concord, North Carolina, United States.[3][4][5][6]

History[edit]

Scotia Seminary[edit]

Barber–Scotia began as a female seminary in 1867. Scotia Seminary was founded by the Reverend Luke Dorland and chartered in 1870. This was a project by the Presbyterian Church to prepare young African American southern women (the daughters of former slaves) for careers as social workers and teachers. It was the coordinate women's school for Biddle University (now Johnson C. Smith University).[7]

It was the first historically black female institution of higher education established after the American Civil War. The Charlotte Observer, in an interview with Janet Magaldi, president of Piedmont Preservation Foundation, stated, "Scotia Seminary was one of the first black institutions built after the Civil War. For the first time, it gave black women an alternative to becoming domestic servants or field hands."[8]

Scotia Seminary was modeled after Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (now Mount Holyoke College) and was referred to as The Mount Holyoke of the South.[9][10][11][12] The seminary offered grammar, science, and domestic arts. In 1908 it had 19 teachers and 291 students. From its founding in 1867 to 1908 it had enrolled 2,900 students, with 604 having graduated from the grammar department and 109 from the normal department.[11] Faith Hall, built in 1891, was the first dormitory at Scotia Seminary. It is listed in National Register of Historic Places and "is one of only four 19th-century institutional buildings left in Cabarrus County." It was closed by the college during the 1970s due to lack of funds for its maintenance.[8]

Presidents[13]
Luke Dorland 1867–1885
D.J. Satterfield 1885–1908
A.W. Verner 1908–1922
T.R. Lewis 1922–1929
Myron J. Croker 1929–1932
Leland S. Cozart 1932–1964
Lionel H. Newsom 1964–1966
Jerome L. Gresham 1966–1974
Mable Parker McLean 1974–1988
Tyrone L. Burkette 1988–1989
Lionel H. Newsom (interim) 1989–1990
Gus T. Ridgel (interim) 1990
Joel 0. Nwagbaraocha 1990–1994
Asa T. Spaulding Jr. 1994
Mable Parker McLean 1994–1996
Sammie W. Potts 1996–2004
Leon Howard (interim) 2004
Gloria Bromell-Tinubu 2004–2006
Mable Parker McLean (interim) 2006–2007
Carl Flamer 2007–2008
David Olah [1] 2008–Present

1916–2004[edit]

It was renamed to Scotia Women's College in 1916. In 1930, the seminary was merged with another female institution, Barber Memorial College, which was founded in 1896 in Anniston, Alabama by Margaret M. Barber as a memorial to her husband.[14][15] This merger created Barber–Scotia Junior College for women.[16]

The school granted its first bachelor's degree in 1945, and became a four-year women's college in 1946. In 1954, Barber–Scotia College became a coeducational institution and received accreditation from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Today, the college maintains close ties to the Presbyterian Church.[13]

2004–2008[edit]

On June 24, 2004, one week after appointing its new president, Gloria Bromell Tinubu, the college learned that it had lost its accreditation which meant that students became ineligible for federal aid (an estimated 90% of the school's students depended on federally funded aid) and that many employees would be laid off.[17][18] It lost its accreditation due to what the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools said was a failure to comply with SACS Principles and Philosophy of Accreditation (Integrity), as the school "awarded degrees to nearly 30 students in the adult program who SACS determined hadn’t fulfilled the proper requirements".[18]

Former President Sammie Potts resigned in February when it became public. As over 90% of the students at Barber–Scotia received some sort of federal financial aid, when the campus lost accreditation and was therefore no longer eligible to receive federal financial aid for its students, under the Department of Education enrollment then dropped from 600 students in 2004 to 91 students in 2005 and on-campus housing was closed down.[19]

During her tenure President Gloria Bromell Tinubu led a strategic planning effort to change the college from a four-year liberal arts program to a college of entrepreneurship and business, and established partnerships with accredited colleges and top-tiered universities.[19] She would later leave the college when the new Board leadership decided to pursue religious studies instead. Former President and alumna Mable Parker McLean was hired as president on an interim basis.[19][20] In February 2006 a committee of the General Assembly Council of the Presbyterian Church (USA) voted to continue the denomination's financial support for Barber–Scotia, noting that its physical facilities were "substantial and well-secured" and that the school was undertaking serious planning for the future.[21] In May 2006, it was reported that Barber–Scotia would rent space on its campus to St. Augustine's College to use for an adult-education program: "Under the terms of the deal, St. Augustine's will pay Barber–Scotia for the space for its Gateway degree program starting this fall." [22]

McLean was replaced by President Carl M. Flamer (an alumnus of the college) who accepted the position without payment and the college re-opened with a limited number of students.[23] During this time, the "previous attempts to revive the college [which] have centered on an entrepreneurial or business curriculum" were formally abandoned "in favor of focusing more on religious studies." Flamer also worked to eliminate debt and worked with alumni and the community to save the college.[24]

2009[edit]

Barber–Scotia currently has an enrollment of 120 full-time students. It has submitted its application for accreditation and after a successful accreditation site visit during April 2009 has begun its Institutional Self-Study process. Documentation will be submitted to the national accrediting body for review. During January 2010 a site visit team will arrive on campus for review of documentation, staff and policies. It is the College's hope that it will be presented to the full commission for candidacy (provisional accreditaion) during April 2016.

The college currently offers the following four degree programs: Bachelors of Arts in Business, Bachelors of Arts in Religious Studies, Bachelors of Arts in Sports Management and a Bachelors of Science in Bio-Energy. Each academic discipline has several fields of concentrations.

Athletics[edit]

Barber–Scotia College's athletic programs are members of the United States Collegiate Athletic Association (USCAA). Barber–Scotia College currently fields a men's and women's basketball team. Barber–Scotia also fields a men's post-graduate basketball team. It is also exploring adding additional athletic programs, such as men's and women's cross country, men's and women's soccer and track and field.

Notable alumni[edit]

One of Scotia Seminary's most notable alumnae was Mary McLeod Bethune, advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.,[25] who also started a school for black students in Daytona Beach, Florida that eventually became Bethune–Cookman University.

Katie Geneva Cannon, the first African-American female ordained as minister by the Presbyterian Church, and Ida Van Smith, an early aviatrix, were also graduates of the college.

Additional reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kelderman, Eric (October 23, 2009). "Troubled Barber–Scotia College Seeks Revival". The Chronicle of Higher Education LVI (9): 1. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ "Data for Historically Black Colleges and Universities: 1976–1994" (pdf). National Center for Education Statistics. July 1996. Retrieved August 14, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Historically Black Colleges & Universities in North Carolina". State Library of North Carolina. Archived from the original on August 15, 2008. Retrieved August 14, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Barber-Scotia College". Office of University Partnerships. 2001. Retrieved August, 14 2008. 
  6. ^ "Barber-Scotia College Details". Forever HBCU. Retrieved August 14, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Part of a Tour Through the Carolinas". Cornell University. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  8. ^ a b Gross, Leslie (May 9, 1999), FAITH HALL: A LANDMARK IN NEED OF FRIENDS, The Charlotte Observer, pp. 3K 
  9. ^ Hunter, Jane (2003). How Young Ladies Became Girls: The Victorian Origins of American Girlhood (p. 180). Yale University Press. Retrieved August, 14 2008. 
  10. ^ "Scotia Seminary". African American Registry. Retrieved August 13, 2008. [dead link]
  11. ^ a b "Scotia Seminary, Concord N.C.". State Library of North Carolina. 1908. Archived from the original on June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  12. ^ Steiger, Ernst (1878). Steiger's Educational Directory for 1878, p. 63. Retrieved August 12, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b "Official website". Barber–Scotia College. Archived from the original on September 14, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  14. ^ Thomas McAdory Owen; Marie Bankhead Owen (1921). History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. Retrieved August 12, 2008. 
  15. ^ Keiser, Albert (1952). College Names, p. 173. Retrieved August 12, 2008. 
  16. ^ Townsend, Barbara (1999). Two-Year Colleges for Women and Minorities. Retrieved August 12, 2008. 
  17. ^ Powell, Tracie (August 26, 2004). "In not so good company: another HBCU loses its accreditation, but with new leadership Barber–Scotia College is meeting its challenges head on". Black Issues in Higher Education. Retrieved August 14, 2008. 
  18. ^ a b Silverstein, Evan (July 24, 2004). "Barber–Scotia College loses accreditation". Presbyterian News Service. Archived from the original on August 15, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  19. ^ a b c Silverstein, Evan (November 14, 2005). "Barber–Scotia president resigns". Presbyterian News Service. Archived from the original on August 15, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  20. ^ Walker, Marlon (December 29, 2005). "Down, but not out: Barber–Scotia is without accreditation, students and staff, but the college's president believes there are brighter days ahead". Diverse Issues in Higher Education. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  21. ^ Walker, Marlon (February 9, 2006). "Committee backs continued support for beleaguered". PCUSA NEWS. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  22. ^ "Barber–Scotia plans partnership". The News & Observer. May 1, 2006. Retrieved August 12, 2008. [dead link]
  23. ^ Silverstein, Evan (July 17, 2006). "Barber–Scotia College plans to reopen this Fall". Presbyterian News Service. Archived from the original on August 15, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  24. ^ Vick, Justin (July 22, 2007). "Restoring relationships". Independent Tribune - Concord and Kannapolis. Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  25. ^ "African American World: Mary Mcleod Bethune". PBS. Retrieved August 13, 2008. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Photographs[edit]