Barbian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the birthplace of condottiero Alberico da Barbiano, see Barbiano di Cotignola
Barbian
Comune
Gemeinde Barbian
Comune di Barbiano
Parish church of Saint James
Parish church of Saint James
Coat of arms of Barbian
Coat of arms
Barbian is located in Italy
Barbian
Barbian
Location of Barbian in Italy
Coordinates: 46°36′N 11°31′E / 46.600°N 11.517°E / 46.600; 11.517
Country Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Province South Tyrol (BZ)
Frazioni Kollmann (Colma), St. Gertraud (Santa Gertrude), Saubach
Government
 • Mayor Alfons Klammsteiner
Area
 • Total 24.4 km2 (9.4 sq mi)
Elevation 836 m (2,743 ft)
Population (November 2010)
 • Total 1,601
 • Density 66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Demonym German: Barbianer
Italian: Barbianesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 39040
Dialing code 0471
Website Official website

Barbian (Italian: Barbiano) is a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about 15 km northeast of Bolzano.

Geography[edit]

As of 30 November 2010, it had a population of 1,601 and an area of 24.4 km².[1]

Barbian borders the following municipalities: Kastelruth, Lajen, Waidbruck, Ritten, and Villanders.

Frazioni[edit]

The municipality of Barbian contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Kollmann (Colma), St. Gertraud (Santa Gertrude), Saubach.

History[edit]

Place-name[edit]

The city is mentioned for the first time in 994 as Parpian, the name deriving probably from the Latin personal name Barbius,[2] a name also attested in Venetic inscriptions from the Roman era.

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The shield is tierced per fess in argent, vert and sable. In the second level are represented three churches: St. Nicholas, St. Gertrude and St. Magdalene, which are located in the mountains above the village. The sable bottom is crossed by a thin band of argent and gules, symbolizing the customs bar of the village of Kollmann sited in the municipality. The arms were granted in 1970. [3]

Society[edit]

Linguistic distribution[edit]

According to the 2011 census, 97.53% of the population speak German, 1.87% Italian and 0.60% Ladin as first language.[4]

Language 1991 2001[5] 2011[4]
German 94.80% 97.47% 97.53%
Italian 4.56% 2.02% 1.87%
Ladin 0.64% 0.51% 0.60%

Demographic evolution[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ Nomi d'Italia. Novara: Istituto Geografico De Agostini. 2004. 
  3. ^ Heraldry of the World: Barbian
  4. ^ a b "Volkszählung 2011/Censimento della popolazione 2011". astat info (Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol) (38): 6–7. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14. 
  5. ^ Oscar Benvenuto (ed.): "South Tyrol in Figures 2008", Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol, Bozen/Bolzano 2007, p. 16, table 10

External links[edit]

Media related to Barbian at Wikimedia Commons