|• Total||45 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||477 m (1,565 ft)|
|• Density||1,168/km2 (3,030/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||OD 09|
|Sex ratio||894 ♂/♀|
The region around Barbil has the fifth largest deposit of iron ore and manganese ore in the world. It is a major source of revenue generation for both the central and the state government.
Barbil has a cosmopolitan culture due to the influx of people from almost all states of India and boast of a very good convent school by the name 'St. Mary's School' and 'Jindal School'
Barbil is located at  It has an average elevation of 477 m (1,565 ft)..
As of 2001[update] India census, Barbil had a population of 52,586. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Barbil has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 69% of the males and 59% of females literate. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Barbil is an industrialised town with a number of plants, crushers and mines around. This place is very rich in iron ore other minerals found are manganese ore. The latest demand is for iron ore fines which are being exported to China. Steel is manufactured and liquid oxygen is also produced here. In this area a large number of industries have grown up. It remains to seen how the government directive increasing the cost of export of raw iron ore affects the economy of Barbil town.
Barbil is connected to Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Puri and Jamshedpur by train. It connected to major cities by road, it is also connected to Kolkata, Kendujhar and Bhubaneswar by road. Before January 2008, there was air service from Barbil. There is one Janshatabdi express from Howrah to Barbil and one passenger train from Tatanagar to Barbil. Barbil is also connected to Bhubaneswar & Puri by a daily running Intercity Express train . Barbil-Chakradharpur Intercity Express (Daily) via Dongoaposi, Jhinkpani Extend to Rourkela or even Sambalpur and Kendujhar.] (Puri-Barbil).
There are many hotels/lodges located in this town. The names of hotels are as follows Padma Inn, Hotel Prateek, Hotel Smita, Lucky India, Aadhar Hotel, Hotel Karrow, The World.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Barbil
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.