|• Total||45 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||477 m (1,565 ft)|
|• Density||1,168/km2 (3,030/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||OD 09|
|Sex ratio||894 ♂/♀|
The region around Barbil has the fifth largest deposit of iron ore and manganese ore in the world. It is a major source of revenue generation for both the central and the state government.
Barbil has a cosmopolitan culture due to the influx of people from almost all states of India and boast of a very good convent school by the name 'St. Mary's School' and 'Jindal School'
Barbil is located at  It has an average elevation of 477 m (1,565 ft)..
According to the 2001 India census, Barbil had a population of 52,586. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Barbil has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; 69% of the males and 59% of females literate. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Barbil is an industrialised town with a number of steel plants,iron ore pellet plants, ore crushers and mines. The area is very rich in iron ore. The other mineral found is manganese ore. The latest demand is for iron ore fines. Now-a-days the mines cannot meet upto the demand from the area. The iron ore which is benificated is also exported to China. This town also has Steel manufacturing, Iron ore pellet manufacturer and liquid oxygen production. A large number of industries have come up in the recent past. It remains to be seen how the government's directive increasing the cost of export of raw iron ore affects the economy of Barbil town.
Barbil railway station is on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. Barbil is connected to Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Puri and Jamshedpur by train. There is one Jan Shatabdi Express from Howrah to Barbil and one passenger train from Tatanagar to Barbil. Barbil is also connected to Bhubaneswar & Puri by a daily-running Intercity Express train. Barbil-Chakradharpur Intercity Express (Daily) via Dongoaposi, Jhinkpani extends to Rourkela or even Sambalpur and Kendujhar.] (Puri-Barbil). Barbil is also connected to Kolkata, Kendujhar and Bhubaneswar by road. Prior to January 2008, there was air service from Barbil.
There are many many hotels and lodges located in this town. They are: Padma Inn, Hotel Prateek, Hotel Smita, Lucky India, Aadhar Hotel, Hotel Karrow, Hotel Indrapuri and The World.......................
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Barbil
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.