Barbour County, Alabama

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Barbour County, Alabama
Barbour County Alabama Courthouse.JPG
Barbour County courthouse in Clayton
Map of Alabama highlighting Barbour County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832
Seat Clayton
Largest city Eufaula
Area
 • Total 905 sq mi (2,344 km2)
 • Land 885 sq mi (2,292 km2)
 • Water 20 sq mi (52 km2), 2.2%
Population
 • (2010) 27,457
 • Density 31/sq mi (11.9/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Barbour County, Alabama is a county in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,457.[1] Its county seat is Clayton. Its name is in honor of James Barbour, who served as Governor of Virginia.

History[edit]

Barbour County was established on December 18, 1832, from former Creek Indian homelands and a portion of Pike County. The Creek were removed to territory west of the Mississippi River. The fertile land was developed by southern migrants as large cotton plantations dependent on slave labor. Due to the number of slaves, the population was soon majority black, a proportion that continued for decades. In the 21st century, the population has a slight white majority, but blacks make up more than 46% of the residents, which results in highly competitive politics.

In 1833, Louisville was chosen as the first county seat for Barbour County. The county seat was moved in 1834, after an eleven-member committee selected Clayton because of its central geographic location. Its boundaries were altered in 1866 and 1868.[2] The Election Riot of 1874 occurred near Comer.

By the 1870s, the city of Eufaula had surpassed Clayton in size, sparking debate about whether the county seat should be moved to the county's commercial center or remain at its geographic center. Reaching a compromise, the legislature passed Act No. 106 on February 12, 1879, to establish county courts in both Eufaula and Clayton. Today, two county courthouses continue to operate in Barbour County.

Governors from Barbour County[edit]

As a center of the planter elite class, Barbour County has produced more Alabama governors than any other county in the state. Six elected governors as well as two acting governors have lived in the county. In 2000, the Barbour County Governors' Trail was established by an act of the Alabama Legislature to honor the eight distinguished men and women who have served as governor from the county.

Marking changes in 20th-century politics, Chauncey Sparks, the Wallaces, and Jere Beasley were not from the planter elite.

Alabama governors from Barbour County
Name In Office Hometown
John Gill Shorter 1861–1863 Eufaula, AL
William Dorsey Jelks 1901–1907 Eufaula, AL
Braxton Bragg Comer 1907–1911 Spring Hill, AL
Charles S. McDowell July 10,11, 1924 Eufaula, AL
Chauncey Sparks 1943–1947 Eufaula, AL
George Corley Wallace 1963–1967,
1971-1979,
1983-1987
Clio, AL
Lurleen Burns Wallace 1967–1968

Died in Office

Clayton, AL
Jere Beasley June 5 - July 7, 1972 Clayton, AL

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 905 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 885 square miles (2,290 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (2.2%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 12,024
1850 23,632 96.5%
1860 30,812 30.4%
1870 29,309 −4.9%
1880 33,979 15.9%
1890 34,898 2.7%
1900 35,152 0.7%
1910 32,728 −6.9%
1920 32,067 −2.0%
1930 32,425 1.1%
1940 32,722 0.9%
1950 28,892 −11.7%
1960 24,700 −14.5%
1970 22,543 −8.7%
1980 24,756 9.8%
1990 25,417 2.7%
2000 29,038 14.2%
2010 27,457 −5.4%
Est. 2013 27,076 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,457 people residing in the county. 48.0% were White, 46.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.3% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 5.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 29,038 people, 10,409 households, and 7,390 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km2). There were 12,461 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.27% White, 46.32% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 670 people who spoke Spanish in their home. The only other language with over 100 speakers was French at 105.

In 2005 Barbour County had a population that was 49.5% non-Hispanic whites. 46.8% of the population was African-American. 0.3% of the population reported more than one race. Latinos were now 3.1% of the population. 0.4% were Native American and 0.3% were Asian. (Sources census quickfacts)

In 2000 There were 10,409 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 19.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,101, and the median income for a family was $31,877. Males had a median income of $28,441 versus $19,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,316. About 21.60% of families and 26.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.10% of those under age 18 and 26.40% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Evangelical Protestants (with 8,935 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 2,492 adherents).[9] The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 7,576 members) and The United Methodist Church (with 1,811 members).[9]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Barbour County is home to Lakepoint Resort State Park, Blue Springs State Park, and the Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  2. ^ Alabama Counties: Barbour
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ a b "County Membership Reports". thearda.com. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-22. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Trayvick, J.C. (2005). Soil survey of Barbour County, Alabama. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°51′57″N 85°23′46″W / 31.86583°N 85.39611°W / 31.86583; -85.39611