Barbour County, Alabama
|Barbour County, Alabama|
Barbour County courthouse in Clayton
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 18, 1832|
|• Total||904.52 sq mi (2,343 km2)|
|• Land||884.90 sq mi (2,292 km2)|
|• Water||19.61 sq mi (51 km2), 2.17%|
|• Density||31/sq mi (11.9/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Barbour County, Alabama is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of James Barbour, who served as Governor of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,457. Its county seat is Clayton.
Barbour County was established on December 18, 1832, from former Creek Indian homelands and a portion of Pike County. The Creek were removed to territory west of the Mississippi River. The fertile land was developed by southern migrants as large cotton plantations dependent on slave labor. Its boundaries were altered in 1866 and 1868. The Election Riot of 1874 occurred near Comer.
In 1833, Louisville was chosen as the first county seat for Barbour County. The county seat was moved in 1834, after an eleven-member committee selected Clayton because of its central geographic location. By the 1870s, Eufaula had surpassed Clayton in size, sparking debate about whether the county seat should be moved to the county's commercial center or remain at its geographic center. Reaching a compromise, the legislature passed Act No. 106 on February 12, 1879, to establish courts in both Eufaula and Clayton. Today, two count courthouses operate in Barbour County.
Barbour County governors
As a center of the planter elite, Barbour County has been the home of more Alabama governors than any other county in the state. Six elected governors as well as two acting governors lived in Barbour County. The Barbour County Governors' Trail was established by an act of the Alabama Legislature in 2000 to honor the eight distinguished men and women who have served as governor from the county.
|Alabama governors from Barbour County|
|John Gill Shorter||1861–1863||Eufaula, AL|
|William Dorsey Jelks||1901–1907||Eufaula, AL|
|Braxton Bragg Comer||1907–1911||Spring Hill, AL|
|Charles S. McDowell||July 10,11, 1924||Eufaula, AL|
|Chauncey Sparks||1943–1947||Eufaula, AL|
|George Corley Wallace||1963–1967,
|Lurleen Burns Wallace||1967–1968
Died in Office
|Jere Beasley||June 5 - July 7, 1972||Clayton, AL|
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 904.52 square miles (2,342.7 km2), of which 884.90 square miles (2,291.9 km2) (or 97.83%) is land and 19.61 square miles (50.8 km2) (or 2.17%) is water.
- Russell County, Alabama - northeast
- Quitman County, Georgia - east
- Stewart County, Georgia - east
- Clay County, Georgia - southeast
- Henry County, Alabama - south
- Dale County, Alabama - south
- Pike County, Alabama - west
- Bullock County, Alabama - northwest
National protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 29,038 people, 10,409 households, and 7,390 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km2). There were 12,461 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.27% White, 46.32% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 670 people who spoke Spanish in their home. The only other language with over 100 speakers was French at 105.
In 2005 Barbour County had a population that was 49.5% non-Hispanic whites. 46.8% of the population was African-American. 0.3% of the population reported more than one race. Latinos were now 3.1% of the population. 0.4% were Native American and 0.3% were Asian. (Sources census quickfacts)
In 2000 There were 10,409 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 19.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $25,101, and the median income for a family was $31,877. Males had a median income of $28,441 versus $19,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,316. About 21.60% of families and 26.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.10% of those under age 18 and 26.40% of those age 65 or over.
In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Evangelical Protestants (with 8,935 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 2,492 adherents). The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 7,576 members) and The United Methodist Church (with 1,811 members).
Cities and towns
- City of Bakerhill
- Town of Blue Springs
- Town of Clayton
- City of Clio
- City of Eufaula
- Town of Louisville
Places of interest
Barbour County is home to Lakepoint Resort State Park, Blue Springs State Park, and the Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Barbour County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Barbour County, Alabama
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- Alabama Counties: Barbour
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "County Membership Reports". thearda.com. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
- Trayvick, J.C. (2005). Soil survey of Barbour County, Alabama. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service.
- Barbour Weather
- Barbour County Clerk of Court
- Zone 1 News - Breaking News, Investigative Reports, Video Coverage
||Bullock County||Russell County|
|Pike County||Quitman County, Georgia and Stewart County, Georgia|
|Henry County and Dale County||Clay County, Georgia|