Barbour County, Alabama

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Barbour County, Alabama
Barbour County Alabama Courthouse.JPG
Barbour County courthouse in Clayton
Map of Alabama highlighting Barbour County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832
Seat Clayton
Largest city Eufaula
 • Total 904.52 sq mi (2,343 km2)
 • Land 884.90 sq mi (2,292 km2)
 • Water 19.61 sq mi (51 km2), 2.17%
 • (2010) 27,457
 • Density 31/sq mi (11.9/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Barbour County, Alabama is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of James Barbour, who served as Governor of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,457.[1] Its county seat is Clayton.


Barbour County was established on December 18, 1832, from former Creek Indian homelands and a portion of Pike County. The Creek were removed to territory west of the Mississippi River. The fertile land was developed by southern migrants as large cotton plantations dependent on slave labor. Its boundaries were altered in 1866 and 1868.[2] The Election Riot of 1874 occurred near Comer.

In 1833, Louisville was chosen as the first county seat for Barbour County. The county seat was moved in 1834, after an eleven-member committee selected Clayton because of its central geographic location. By the 1870s, Eufaula had surpassed Clayton in size, sparking debate about whether the county seat should be moved to the county's commercial center or remain at its geographic center. Reaching a compromise, the legislature passed Act No. 106 on February 12, 1879, to establish courts in both Eufaula and Clayton. Today, two count courthouses operate in Barbour County.

Barbour County governors[edit]

As a center of the planter elite, Barbour County has been the home of more Alabama governors than any other county in the state. Six elected governors as well as two acting governors lived in Barbour County. The Barbour County Governors' Trail was established by an act of the Alabama Legislature in 2000 to honor the eight distinguished men and women who have served as governor from the county.

Alabama governors from Barbour County
Name In Office Hometown
John Gill Shorter 1861–1863 Eufaula, AL
William Dorsey Jelks 1901–1907 Eufaula, AL
Braxton Bragg Comer 1907–1911 Spring Hill, AL
Charles S. McDowell July 10,11, 1924 Eufaula, AL
Chauncey Sparks 1943–1947 Eufaula, AL
George Corley Wallace 1963–1967,

1971-1979, 1983-1987

Clio, AL
Lurleen Burns Wallace 1967–1968

Died in Office

Clayton, AL
Jere Beasley June 5 - July 7, 1972 Clayton, AL


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 904.52 square miles (2,342.7 km2), of which 884.90 square miles (2,291.9 km2) (or 97.83%) is land and 19.61 square miles (50.8 km2) (or 2.17%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 12,024
1850 23,632 96.5%
1860 30,812 30.4%
1870 29,309 −4.9%
1880 33,979 15.9%
1890 34,898 2.7%
1900 35,152 0.7%
1910 32,728 −6.9%
1920 32,067 −2.0%
1930 32,425 1.1%
1940 32,722 0.9%
1950 28,892 −11.7%
1960 24,700 −14.5%
1970 22,543 −8.7%
1980 24,756 9.8%
1990 25,417 2.7%
2000 29,038 14.2%
2010 27,457 −5.4%
Est. 2012 27,201 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,457 people residing in the county. 48.0% were White, 46.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.3% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 5.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 29,038 people, 10,409 households, and 7,390 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km2). There were 12,461 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.27% White, 46.32% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 670 people who spoke Spanish in their home. The only other language with over 100 speakers was French at 105.

In 2005 Barbour County had a population that was 49.5% non-Hispanic whites. 46.8% of the population was African-American. 0.3% of the population reported more than one race. Latinos were now 3.1% of the population. 0.4% were Native American and 0.3% were Asian. (Sources census quickfacts)

In 2000 There were 10,409 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 19.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,101, and the median income for a family was $31,877. Males had a median income of $28,441 versus $19,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,316. About 21.60% of families and 26.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.10% of those under age 18 and 26.40% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Evangelical Protestants (with 8,935 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 2,492 adherents).[7] The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 7,576 members) and The United Methodist Church (with 1,811 members).[7]

Cities and towns[edit]



Places of interest[edit]

Barbour County is home to Lakepoint Resort State Park, Blue Springs State Park, and the Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Alabama Counties: Barbour
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ a b "County Membership Reports". Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-22. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Trayvick, J.C. (2005). Soil survey of Barbour County, Alabama. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°51′57″N 85°23′46″W / 31.86583°N 85.39611°W / 31.86583; -85.39611