Barbus grypus is a species of barb called in English and Persian or Arabic by the common names shirbot and variations shabut, shabboot or shabbout, and in local languages by several other common names. It is a large freshwater carp found in the Tigris-Euphrates Basin. It is a commercially fished species in this region. This species can grow to a length of nearly two metres and a weight of over 50 kg.
B. grypus has recently been in the news  when it was proposed that this "shabut" was identical to the fish called in the Talmud shibuta (שיבוטא). The latter's brain is famous for being touted as the kosher equivalent, taste-wise, of the otherwise forbidden and even taboo pork meat (cf. Chullin 109b). However, names of species are notorious for changing over time and between related languages, a fact, incidentally, the Talmud itself attests. The fact that Barbus grypus is called in Modern Hebrew Shibuta is no proof that it is the same fish as the Talmudic one, as Modern Hebrew has a strong tendency to assimilate local Arabic names for such realia. The fish is also being considered for aquaculture. Many species of carp are farmed as a protein source already.
- "At Kosher Feast, Fried Locusts for Dessert –". Forward.com. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- "Barbus grypus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 11 March 2006.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2005). "Barbus grypus" in FishBase. 10 2005 version.
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