Barcelona (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Location of Barcelona electoral district in Spain

Barcelona is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. When first contested in modern times in the 1977 General Election, Barcelona was the largest electoral district in Congress in terms of electorate. However by the time of the 1986 election, Madrid had overtaken it. The district has usually been one of the best for the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party and at the 2011 election, was one of just two districts (along with Seville) where they received most votes, though it was their worst result in terms of seats won since the Spanish transition to democracy.

Boundaries and electoral system[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Barcelona and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

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Eligibility[edit]

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members[edit]

In the general elections of 1977, 1979, 1982 and 1986 Barcelona returned 33 members. That figure was reduced to 32 members for the 1989 General Election. It lost a further seat in the 1990s and from the 1996 election onwards has elected 31 members.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces like Barcelona.

In 2004 for example Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[3] In Barcelona however the number of voters per deputy was 129,269 - the highest ratio of all 52 constituencies. In contrast the ratio was only 38,714 and 26,177 respectively in the smaller provinces of Teruel [4] and Soria.[5]

Summary of seats won 1977–2011[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Seats 33 33 33 33 32 32 31 31 31 31 31
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSC-PSOE) 11 12 18 16 14 12 13 12 14 16 10
United Left-Initiative for Catalonia Greens (IU-ICV) 7 7 1 1 3 3 2 1 2 1 3
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC) 6
Convergence and Union (CiU) 6 8 11 11 10 9 9 6 6 9
Democratic Union of Catalonia (UDC) 2
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 5 6
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 2
People's Party (PP) 1 1 5 4 3 6 6 8 5 6 7
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1 1

Note: Seats shown for the PP include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and Popular Coalition before 1989. They ran in an electoral alliance with a smaller regional grouping (Convivencia Catalana) in 1977.

PSOE has contested elections under the label Socialist Party of Catalonia (Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya).

Democratic Convergence of Catalonia contested the 1977 election under the label Democratic Pact for Catalonia (Pacte Democràtic per Catalunya). After 1977 they have contested elections as part of an alliance with Democratic Union of Catalonia called Convergence and Unity (Convergència i Unió).

Prior to 1986, the equivalent of United Left was the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya).

Republican Left of Catalonia contested the 1977 election as part of an electoral alliance called Catalan Left - Electoral Democratic Front (Esquerra de Catalunya-Front Electoral Democràtic) as openly republican parties were unable to contest the 1977 elections.[6]

Democratic Centre Union fought the 1979 election as part of an alliance called Catalan Centrists (Centristes de Catalunya.)

Election results[edit]

General elections[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 727,220 27.80 −18.97 10 −6
Convergence and Union (CiU) 710,178 27.15 +7.57 9 +3
People's Party (PP) 547,376 20.93 +4.12 7 +1
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-EUiA: Plural Left (ICV-EUiA) 237,327 9.07 +3.51 3 +2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 169,601 6.48 −0.11 2 ±0
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 53,142 2.03 +2.00 0 ±0
Blank Seats (Eb) 40,054 1.53 +1.43 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 33,111 1.27 +1.08 0 ±0
Others 50,718 1.94 0 ±0
Blank ballots 46,738 1.79 +0.27
Total 2,615,465 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 2,615,465 98.51 −1.03
Invalid votes 39,462 1.49 +1.03
Votes cast / turnout 2,654,927 65.91 −4.74
Abstentions 1,373,190 34.09 +4.74
Registered voters 4,028,117
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 1,309,171 46.77 +5.11 16 +2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 547,993 19.58 +0.30 6 ±0
People's Party (PP) 470,677 16.81 +0.86 6 +1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 184,558 6.59 −7.50 2 −2
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-EUiA (ICV-EUiA) 155,674 5.56 −0.95 1 −1
Others 88,483 3.16 0 ±0
Blank ballots 42,672 1.52 +0.60
Total 2,799,228 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 2,799,228 99.54 −0.18
Invalid votes 12,834 0.46 +0.18
Votes cast / turnout 2,812,062 70.65 −5.52
Abstentions 1,168,119 29.35 +5.52
Registered voters 3,980,181
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 1,268,028 41.66 +6.15 14 +2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 586,854 19.28 −7.02 6 −3
People's Party (PP) 485,504 15.95 −7.58 5 −3
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 428,986 14.09 +8.97 4 +3
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-EUiA (ICV-EUiA) 198,116 6.51 −0.04 2 +1
Others 48,368 1.59 0 ±0
Blank ballots 27,979 0.92 −0.50
Total 3,043,835 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 3,043,835 99.72 +0.14
Invalid votes 8,475 0.28 −0.14
Votes cast / turnout 3,052,310 76.17 +12.39
Abstentions 955,020 23.83 −12.39
Registered voters 4,007,330
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 909,601 35.51 −4.81 12 −1
Convergence and Union (CiU) 673,558 26.30 −1.13 9 ±0
People's Party (PP) 602,777 23.53 +5.16 8 +2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 131,114 5.12 +1.29 1 ±0
Initiative for Catalonia-Greens (IC-V) 103,778 4.05 −4.69 1 −1
United and Alternative Left (EUiA) 64,111 2.50 New 0 ±0
Others 40,083 1.56 0 ±0
Blank ballots 36,486 1.42 +0.74
Total 2,561,508 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 2,561,508 99.58 −0.13
Invalid votes 10,920 0.42 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 2,572,428 63.78 −12.87
Abstentions 1,460,589 36.22 +12.87
Registered voters 4,033,017
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 1,203,339 40.32 +3.95 13 +1
Convergence and Union (CiU) 818,832 27.43 −2.62 9 −1
People's Party (PP) 548,323 18.37 +1.42 6 ±0
Initiative for Catalonia-The Greens (IC-EV) 260,881 8.74 +0.27 2 −1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 114,195 3.83 −0.50 1 ±0
Others 18,779 0.63 0 ±0
Blank ballots 20,365 0.68 +0.04
Total 2,984,714 100.00 31 −1
Valid votes 2,984,714 99.71 +0.07
Invalid votes 8,710 0.29 −0.07
Votes cast / turnout 2,993,424 76.65 +0.90
Abstentions 911,831 23.35 −0.90
Registered voters 3,905,255
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 1,030,053 36.37 −0.61 12 −2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 851,105 30.05 −0.30 10 −1
People's Party (PP) 480,204 16.95 +6.43 6 +3
Initiative for Catalonia (IC) 240,019 8.47 +0.28 3 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 122,530 4.33 +1.85 1 +1
Greens (Verdes) 30,188 1.07 +0.33 0 ±0
Others 59,932 2.12 0 −1
Blank ballots 18,229 0.64 +0.06
Total 2,832,260 100.00 32 ±0
Valid votes 2,832,260 99.64 +0.18
Invalid votes 10,291 0.36 −0.18
Votes cast / turnout 2,842,551 75.75 +7.84
Abstentions 909,910 24.25 −7.84
Registered voters 3,752,461
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 903,546 36.98 −6.23 14 −2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 741,682 30.35 +0.50 11 ±0
People's Party (PP) 257,021 10.52 −0.18 3 −1
Initiative for Catalonia (IC) 200,050 8.19 +4.02 3 +2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 110,681 4.53 +0.17 1 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 60,642 2.48 −0.08 0 ±0
Ruiz Mateos' Group (ARM) 29,187 1.19 New 0 ±0
Communists’ Party of Catalonia (PCC) 27,746 1.14 −0.69 0 ±0
Others 98,847 4.05 0 ±0
Blank ballots 14,241 0.58 +0.17
Total 2,443,643 100.00 32 −1
Valid votes 2,443,643 99.46 +0.27
Invalid votes 13,323 0.54 −0.27
Votes cast / turnout 2,456,966 67.91 −0.87
Abstentions 1,160,982 32.09 +0.87
Registered voters 3,617,948
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 1,054,135 43.21 −4.98 16 −2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 728,372 29.85 +8.95 11 +3
People's Coalition (AP-PDP-PL) 261,166 10.70 −3.69 4 −1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 106,434 4.36 +2.50 1 +1
PSUC-Union of the Catalan Left (PSUC-ENE) 101,654 4.17 −0.73 1 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 62,390 2.56 −1.16 0 ±0
Communists’ Party of Catalonia (PCC) 44,757 1.83 +0.29 0 ±0
Others 70,982 2.91 0 ±0
Blank ballots 9,905 0.41 +0.01
Total 2,439,795 100.00 33 ±0
Valid votes 2,439,795 99.19 +0.44
Invalid votes 19,897 0.81 −0.44
Votes cast / turnout 2,459,692 68.78 −12.75
Abstentions 1,116,712 31.22 +12.75
Registered voters 3,576,404
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Elect. +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 1,292,672 48.19 +17.91 18 +6
Convergence and Union (CiU) 560,555 20.90 +5.10 8 +2
People's Alliance-People's Democratic Party (AP-PDP) 385,967 14.39 +10.72 5 +4
Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC) 131,314 4.90 −14.14 1 −6
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 99,852 3.72 −0.15 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 49,772 1.86 New 0 ±0
Communists’ Party of Catalonia (PCC) 41,371 1.54 New 0 ±0
Centrists of Catalonia-UCD (CC-UCD) 40,222 1.50 −15.39 0 −6
Others 69,871 2.60 0 ±0
Blank ballots 10,818 0.40 −0.02
Total 2,682,414 100.00 33 ±0
Valid votes 2,682,414 98.75 +0.58
Invalid votes 33,875 1.25 −0.58
Votes cast / turnout 2,716,289 81.53 +14.11
Abstentions 615,322 18.47 −14.11
Registered voters 3,331,611
Source: Ministry of the Interior

European Parliament elections[edit]

Summary of the 25 May 2014 European Parliament election results in Barcelona
Party Vote
Votes  % ±pp
Republican Left of Catalonia-EPDD (ERC-EPDD) 415,669 21.91 +13.60
Convergence and Union-CEU (CiU-CEU) 376,221 19.83 −0.96
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 289,011 15.23 −22.21
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-EUiA: Plural Left (ICV-EUiA-IP) 215,032 11.33 +4.62
People's Party (PP) 192,282 10.14 −8.34
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 130,132 6.86 +6.46
We Can (Podemos) 98,508 5.19 New
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 26,122 1.38 +0.50
Animal Rights Party (PACMA) 26,062 1.37 +0.80
Others 96,614 5.09
Blank ballots 31,421 1.66 −1.12
Total 1,897,074 100.00
Valid votes 1,897,074 99.20 −0.17
Invalid votes 15,236 0.80 +0.17
Votes cast / turnout 1,912,310 46.70 +9.20
Abstentions 2,182,342 53.30 −9.20
Registered voters 4,094,652
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 7 June 2009 European Parliament election results in Barcelona
Party Vote
Votes  % ±pp
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 558,776 37.44 −7.18
Convergence and Union-CEU (CiU-CEU) 310,320 20.79 +5.01
People's Party (PP) 275,730 18.48 +0.04
Republican Left of Catalonia-EdPV (ERC-EdPV) 123,962 8.31 −2.08
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-EUiA (ICV-EUiA) 100,179 6.71 −1.18
The Greens-European Green Group (LV-GVE) 15,255 1.02 +0.41
Others 66,653 4.47
Blank ballots 41,411 2.78 +2.25
Total 1,492,286 100.00
Valid votes 1,492,286 99.37 −0.45
Invalid votes 9,534 0.63 +0.45
Votes cast / turnout 1,501,820 37.50 −2.21
Abstentions 2,503,491 62.50 +2.21
Registered voters 4,005,311
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Summary of the 13 June 2004 European Parliament election results in Barcelona
Party Vote
Votes  % ±pp
Socialists' Party of Catalonia-PSOE (PSC-PSOE) 711,020 44.62 +7.34
People's Party (PP) 293,873 18.44 +1.26
Convergence and Union-GALEUSCA (CiU-GALEUSCA) 251,545 15.78 −10.22
Republican Left of Catalonia-EDP (ERC-EDP) 165,625 10.39 +5.08
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-EUiA (ICV-EUiA) 125,756 7.89 −0.75
Others 37,308 2.34
Blank ballots 8,451 0.53 −1.12
Total 1,593,578 100.00
Valid votes 1,593,578 99.82 +0.42
Invalid votes 2,840 0.18 −0.42
Votes cast / turnout 1,596,418 39.71 −12.90
Abstentions 2,423,803 60.29 +12.90
Registered voters 4,020,221
Source: Ministry of the Interior

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  3. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  4. ^ Teruel 2004 election results
  5. ^ Soria 2004 elections results
  6. ^ http://www.esquerra.cat/web_nova/arxius/Hangles.pdf