Barcelona Metro 9000 Series

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
9000 Series
Barcelona Metro Paral-lel.jpg
Exterior
Metro barcelona.jpg
Interior
Manufacturer Alstom
Family name Metropolis
Replaced 1000 and 1100 Series
Entered service 13 March 2008
Number built 56
Number in service 43
Formation MA1-MB1-R-MB2-MA2
Capacity 112 seats[1]
Operator Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona
Line(s) served L2 barcelona.svg L4 barcelona.svg L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
Specifications
Train length 86.094 m (282.46 ft)[2]
Width 2,710 mm (107 in)[3]
Height 3,859 mm (151.9 in)[3]
Doors 4 double
Maximum speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The 9000 Series is a series of heavy rail rolling stock that operates on lines 2, 4, 9 and 10 of the Barcelona Metro. Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) awarded the contract for the construction of the 9000 series to Alstom in 2002.[4] Constructed in Belgium, France and Spain, they are part of the Alstom Metropolis family of underground trains.[5] Today, the 9000 series also operates on the Santo Domingo Metro and Lima Metro in Latin America.[6][7]

Order and entry into service[edit]

TMB's contract with Alstom originally specified 50 driverless trains for line 9 only: in July 2005, however, TMB modified the contract to specify 34 semi-automatic trains for lines 2 and 4, and 16 driverless trains for line 9. In April 2009, TMB extended the contract to order 6 additional driverless trains for line 9.[8]

24 trains entered service on Line 2 from 13 March 2008, cascading the 2100 Series to Line 4. 10 trains also entered service on Line 4 with the 2100 Series, replacing the remaining 1000 and 1100 Series trains. The remaining 16 trains entered service on Lines 9 and 10 when the first stages of the lines opened from 13 December 2009, with six more trains to follow when more sections of lines 9 and 10 open.[9][10]

Design[edit]

The trains are capable of speeds of up to 80 km/h (50 mph).[9]

In Barcelona, each train consists of five walk-through cars with longitudinal seating throughout: a five-car train has 112 seats and a three-car train has 64 seats.[1] The end cars contain dedicated spaces for wheelchair users and bicycles.[11]

The trains have closed-circuit television and passenger alarms for public safety,[4] visual and audible door indicators, LCD screens for travel information and advertising, and line maps with lights that indicate the next stations. SEC Lighting provided the semi-recessed fluorescent saloon lighting for the trains.[12]

Variations[edit]

In Barcelona, there are two versions of the 9000 series fleet:

  • 34 trains on lines 2/4 have segregated driver cabs and red dot-matrix running numbers, although passengers can still see through the front. They are capable of manual and automatic operation.
  • 22 trains on lines 9/10 are automatic and driverless.[13] However, driver controls are available if necessary, and they have front-end evacuation ramps and a smaller front window.[14][15]

Operation[edit]

The 9000 Series presently operate on lines 2, 4 (the latter running in conjunction with the 2100 series), 9 and 10. In an unlikely event of a shortage of trains, they may operate on any standard gauge sections with an overhead power supply.

Roster[edit]

Individual cars of the 9000 Series have a four-digit number beginning with 9: originally, the car numbers ranged from 9001 to 9200 for the motor cars, and R9001 to R9550 for the trailer cars, with 50 trains available in total. Due to the order for 6 additional trains in April 2009, the numbering ranges for the 9000 Series is currently as follows:[16][17]

Lines Range
MA/MB R
L2 barcelona.svg L4 barcelona.svg 9001 to 9136 R9501 to R9534
L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg 9137 to 9224 R9535 to R9556

In further detail:

Roster (as of 27 March 2015)[17]
No. Formation Operation Status Lines
01 9001-9002-R9501-9003-9004 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
02 9005-9006-R9502-9007-9008 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
03 9009-9010-R9503-9011-9012 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
04 9013-9014-R9504-9015-9016 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
05 9017-9018-R9505-9019-9020 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
06 9021-9022-R9506-9023-9024 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
07 9025-9026-R9507-9027-9028 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
08 9029-9030-R9508-9031-9032 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
09 9033-9034-R9509-9035-9036 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
10 9037-9038-R9510-9039-9040 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
11 9041-9042-R9511-9043-9044 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
12 9045-9046-R9512-9047-9048 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
13 9049-9050-R9513-9051-9052 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
14 9053-9054-R9514-9055-9056 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
15 9057-9058-R9515-9059-9060 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
16 9061-9062-R9516-9063-9064 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
17 9065-9066-R9517-9067-9068 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
18 9069-9070-R9518-9071-9072 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
19 9073-9074-R9519-9075-9076 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
20 9077-9078-R9520-9079-9080 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
21 9081-9082-R9521-9083-9084 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
22 9085-9086-R9522-9087-9088 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
23 9089-9090-R9523-9091-9092 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
24 9093-9094-R9524-9095-9096 Semi-automatic In service L2 barcelona.svg
25 9097-9098-R9525-9099-9100 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
26 9101-9102-R9526-9103-9104 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
27 9105-9106-R9527-9107-9108 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
28 9109-9110-R9528-9111-9112 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
29 9113-9114-R9529-9115-9116 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
30 9117-9118-R9530-9119-9120 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
31 9121-9122-R9531-9123-9124 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
32 9125-9126-R9532-9127-9128 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
33 9129-9130-R9533-9131-9132 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
34 9133-9134-R9534-9135-9136 Semi-automatic In service L4 barcelona.svg
35 9137-9138-R9535-9139-9140 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg
36 9141-9142-R9536-9143-9144 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
37 9145-9146-R9537-9147-9148 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
38 9149-9150-R9538-9151-9152 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
39 9153-9154-R9539-9155-9156 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
40 9157-9158-R9540-9159-9160 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
41 9161-9162-R9541-9163-9164 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
42 9165-9166-R9542-9167-9168 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
43 9169-9170-R9543-9171-9172 Automatic In service L9 barcelona.svg L10 barcelona.svg
44 9173-9174-R9544-9175-9176 Automatic Stabled
45 9177-9178-R9545-9179-9180 Automatic Stabled
46 9181-9182-R9546-9183-9184 Automatic Stabled
47 9185-9186-R9547-9187-9188 Automatic Stabled
48 9189-9190-R9548-9191-9192 Automatic Test train L9 barcelona.svg
49 9193-9194-R9549-9195-9196 Automatic Test train L9 barcelona.svg
50 9197-9198-R9550-9199-9200 Automatic Stabled
51 9201-9202-R9551-9203-9204 Automatic Stabled
52 9205-9206-R9552-9207-9208 Automatic Stabled
53 9209-9210-R9553-9211-9212 Automatic Stabled
54 9213-9214-R9554-9215-9216 Automatic Stabled
55 9217-9218-R9555-9219-9220 Automatic Stabled
56 9221-9222-R9556-9223-9224 Automatic Stabled

The 11 automatic trains that are stabled at present will go into service when more sections of lines 9 and 10 open.

9000 Series abroad[edit]

A pair of 9000 series are tested on the Santo Domingo Metro.

Two other metro systems operate the 9000 series, with segregated driver cabs and walk-through cars: the Santo Domingo Metro operates 34 three-car trains with a similar external livery,[6][18] and the Lima Metro has operated 19 five-car trains in its own external and internal livery since February 2013.[7] All of these trains were also manufactured in Belgium, France and Spain.

9000 Series in culture[edit]

The Via Oberta miniature railway operates a live steam scale (1:11) version of the 9000 series in the Barcelona Metro livery.[19][20]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Badia 2009, p. 6
  2. ^ Badia 2009, p. 7
  3. ^ a b Badia 2009, p. 5
  4. ^ a b "Brochure - Rolling Stock - Metropolis Metro - English" (PDF). Alstom. 27 May 2008. p. 12. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "BcnRail 2009 highlights urban rail technology". Railway Gazette International. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "A Subway In Santo Domingo". Santo Domingo Live. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "FOTOS: Trenes que operarán en el Metro de Lima zarparon de España" (in Spanish). El Comercio. 23 October 2010. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  8. ^ Badia 2009, p. 3
  9. ^ a b "Metropolitanos y tranvías" (PDF). 2009 Anuario del Ferrocarril (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "La L-9 arribarà el 13 de desembre a cinc estacions de Santa Coloma" (in Spanish). El Periódico de Catalunya. 5 December 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  11. ^ "ALSTOM exhibe el nuevo metro sin conductor" (PDF) (in Spanish). Fira Barcelona. 30 November 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  12. ^ "Metro Barcelona - Alstom" (PDF). SEC Lighting. 10 October 2012. pp. 66–67. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "Barcelona metro network continues to grow". European Metropolitan Transport Authorities. December 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "Automated Metro, safer and more efficient". Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  15. ^ Badia 2009, p. 22-23
  16. ^ Badia 2009, p. 22
  17. ^ a b "Metro de Barcelona - 9000" (in Spanish). Listado Del Material Ferroviario Español (listadotren.es). 27 March 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015. 
  18. ^ "Alstom delivers the first Metropolis train sets for Line 2 of Santo Domingo metro". Alstom. 29 March 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  19. ^ "Modelisme Tripulat" (in Catalan). Via Oberta. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  20. ^ "Característiques i Dimensions" (PDF). Material Mòbil Unitat de Tren S.9000 FCMB (in Catalan). Via Oberta. 6 December 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 

References[edit]