Barcelona Metro line 1

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Barcelona Metro Line 1
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El Prat Intermodal Rodalies de Catalunya.svg Enlargement*
Llobregat river
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Bellvitge
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Av. Carrilet FGC.svg
Rambla Just Oliveras Rodalies de Catalunya.svg
Can Serra
Florida
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Torrassa
Santa Eulàlia
Santa Eulàlia depot
Mercat Nou
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Plaça de Sants
Hostafrancs
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Rocafort
Urgell
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Universitat
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Catalunya FGC.svg Rodalies de Catalunya.svg
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Urquinaona
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Marina
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Glòries
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Clot Rodalies de Catalunya.svg
Navas
Sagrera depot
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La Sagrera
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Sant Andreu Rodalies de Catalunya.svg
Torras i Bages
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Trinitat Vella
Baró de Viver
Besòs river
Santa Coloma
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Fondo L1 barcelona.svg end
Montigalà | Lloreda
depot
Sant Crist Enlargement Phase 1*
Bufalà
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Badalona - Pompeu Fabra Enlargement Phase 2*
Badalona Est Rodalies de Catalunya.svg Enlargement Phase 3
Enlargement to Badalona Est
don't appear in PDI 2009-2018
(*) PDI 2009-2018

MetroBarcelona L1 Logo small.PNGLine 1, shortened to L1 and known as "Hospital de Bellvitge - Fondo", coloured red and often simply called Línia vermella ("Red Line"), is the second oldest metro line in Barcelona, after L3. It is operated by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB). It appeared as a means to join the rail stations the city had in the 1920s. It has been growing since then to become, as of 2007, a large line made up of 30 stations, the network's busiest. These stations are architecturally homogenous, and as in the case of most metro lines in Barcelona, ornamentation is virtually absent from them. Some of them are improving their artificial lighting.

Termini are Hospital de Bellvitge, in the municipality of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, and Fondo, in Santa Coloma de Gramenet. It will be extended southbound into El Prat de Llobregat and from its north terminus into Badalona, where it will join L2 in Badalona Centre.

Overview[edit]

It opened in 1926 under the name Ferrocarril Metropolitano Transversal de Barcelona for the 1929 Universal Exposition. It's operated by TMB, which makes it part of the ATM fare-integrated main transport system.

The longest line so far and the only one in the Barcelona Metro and also the only metro line in Spain to have broad gauge railtracks, it links L'Hospitalet de Llobregat and Santa Coloma de Gramenet and is soon to be extended northbound towards Badalona Centre and southbound into El Prat de Llobregat. Most of the line is underground, except for a short part going from Plaça de Sants and Santa Eulàlia.

Chronology[edit]

Evolution of Line 1, 1926-1992 (including future extensions)
  • 1926 - Bordeta-Catalunya section opened.
  • 1932 - Bordeta-Santa Eulàlia and Catalunya-Arc de Triomf sections opened.
  • 1933 - Arc de Triomf-Marina section opened.
  • 1951 - Marina-Clot section opened.
  • 1952 - Clot-Navas section opened.
  • 1954 - Navas-Fabra i Puig section opened.
  • 1968 - Fabra i Puig-Torras i Bages section opened.
  • 1983 - Torras i Bages-Santa Coloma and Santa Eulàlia-Torrassa sections opened. Bordeta station closed.
  • 1987 - Torrassa-Avinguda Carrilet section opened.
  • 1992 - Santa Coloma-Fondo section opened.

Technical details[edit]

Colour on map Red
Number of stations 30
Type Conventional metro
Length 20.7 km (12.9 mi)
Rolling stock 4000 series, 6000 series
Areas covered L'Hospitalet, Barcelona (Sants-Montjuïc, Eixample, Sant Martí, Sant Andreu), Santa Coloma
Journey time 35 minutes
Track gauge 1,672 mm (5 ft 5 1316 in)
Traction Electricity
Power supply Rigid overhead wire
Open-air sections Yes (between Santa Eulàlia and Mercat Nou)
Mobile phone coverage Partial
Depots Santa Eulàlia, Sagrera.
Operator TMB

Stations[edit]

Stations or lines shown in italics are under construction.

Red line on Universitat station

Coordinates: 41°23′13″N 2°10′12″E / 41.387°N 2.170°E / 41.387; 2.170

External links[edit]