Barcelos (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɐɾˈsɛluʃ]) is a city and a municipality in Braga District, in the north of Portugal. The population in 2011 was 120,391, in an area of 378.90 km². With 60 parishes, it is the municipality with the highest number of parishes in the country. It is one of the growing municipalities in the country, and is well known by its textile and adobe industries.
Originally a Roman settlement, it expanded and became the seat of the First Duke of Bragança in the 15th century. The palace of the Dukes of Bragança was destroyed by an earthquake in 1755 and is now an open-air museum.
Galo de Barcelos, often used as a symbol of Portugal
The town's famous symbol is a rooster, in Portuguese called o galo de Barcelos ("the Rooster of Barcelos"). One of the many versions of this legend goes that a rich man threw a big party. When the party was over, the rich man noticed that his sterling cutlery was stolen by a guest. He accused a pilgrim and let him go to court. He protested his innocence, but the judge didn't believe him. The judge was about to eat a roasted rooster when the pilgrim said: "If I am innocent, this rooster will crow three times." When the pilgrim was about to be lynched, the rooster crowed. The judge released the pilgrim. The story ends a few years later when the pilgrim returned and made a statue over the event.
António Pires de Lima (born 1936), a famous lawyer and former bastonário of the Portuguese Bar Association (Portuguese: Ordem dos Advogados) and father of former Minister of Culture Isabel Pires de Lima, and of businessman and former politician António Pires de Lima, was from Barcelos.
Portuguese prime-minister Francisco de Sá Carneiro, whose father, José Gualberto Chaves Marques de Sá Carneiro, and paternal family were from Barcelos.