Bard College at Simon's Rock
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2009)|
|Bard College at Simon's Rock|
|Type||Private, liberal arts|
|Provost and Vice President||Peter Laipson|
|Location||Great Barrington, MA, USA|
|Campus||Rural, 275 acres (1.11 km2)|
Bard College at Simon's Rock, more commonly known as Simon's Rock (see below), is a residential four-year liberal arts college located in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, USA. Simon's Rock is an "early college", designed for students to enroll immediately after completing the tenth or eleventh grade, rather than after graduating from high school.
The college's founder, Elizabeth Blodgett Hall, had formerly been a private girls' school headmistress at Concord Academy. She concluded from her experience, and that of her colleagues, that for many students the latter two years of high school are wasted on repetitious and overly constrained work. Many young students, she thought, are ready to pursue college-level academic work some time before the usual system asks it of them.
Simon's Rock is the only accredited four-year early college to date and still the singular college or university to take this approach with all of its students. It is one of a number of early college entrance programs that provide opportunities for students to enter college one or more years ahead of their traditional high school graduation date. A majority of students transfer to larger institutions after receiving an Associate of Arts degree after two years, although many stay for four to receive a Bachelor of Arts.
The name "Simon's Rock" comes from a large rock, a glacial erratic, currently in the woods on the campus, a short walk from the main part of the campus. At the time that Simon's Rock earned its name (in the early 1920s), the woods that now surround it were part of the vast area of land called Great Pine Farm. The rock was a favorite spot for people who lived nearby, especially children. One neighborhood child, named Simon, claimed the rock as his own.
When envisioning the college in the early 1960s, Elizabeth Blodgett Hall deliberately named it nothing more than "Simon's Rock." Her reasoning for this was that even she didn't know if it would be a high school, a college, or something else.
Throughout its short history, Simon's Rock has gone through names such as "Simon's Rock," "Simon's Rock Early College," "Simon's Rock of Bard College" (for a period after 1979, when it was acquired by Bard College) and "Simon's Rock College of Bard".
In 2006, it was announced that the school would once again change its name, making it "Bard College at Simon's Rock". Vice President and Provost Mary Marcy said that the reasons for the change include an effort "to be more clear about identity" and "to be very clear about the Bard College system." Reactions were mixed among students, employees and alumni, many of whom were staunchly opposed to the name. The relationship with Bard College, which is more clear than it has ever been with the new name, has become a point of contention among members of the school community. The name change went into effect in August 2007.
Simon's Rock is located on a 275 acre (1.1-km²) campus in Great Barrington, a small town (pop. 7,500) in the Berkshires region of Massachusetts. The town of Great Barrington is neighbored by the towns of Lee, Stockbridge and West Stockbridge to the north, Alford and Egremont to the west, Sheffield and New Marlborough to the south, and Monterey and Tyringham to the east.
The main section of the campus is on Alford Road, about two miles (3 km) from downtown Great Barrington, on an area that used to be a large farm. A few buildings are in an area known as Upper Campus, which is three-quarters of a mile from the main section of the campus along a road known as Drab Avenue (Bard backwards). Steep and often rutted and hazardous, Drab Ave. was repaired and opened for use during the Spring 2009 semester, directly relinking Upper Campus with the main campus, Lower Campus.
Bus service is available through request for transportation between the college campus and the town center, as well as other points throughout the Berkshires, by the Berkshire Regional Transit Authority. This service is on request. The college also runs a limited shuttle system into town.
Simon's Rock was officially founded in 1964. From 1964 to 1970, the buildings of the campus were built on Great Pine Farm, a farm that was owned by Hall's family. These buildings were the college center, the library, the classroom buildings, three dormitories (now dormitories primarily for first-year students: Crosby, Dolliver, and Kendrick) and the dining hall. Some of the farm's buildings, such as Hall's own home, were incorporated into the college campus as well. Hall was the president of the college at its founding.
In 1966, the first class, all women, were admitted to Simon's Rock. These women, along with some of the other early classes, went through a four-year program that resulted in the associate's degree, at which point students desiring a further degree would have to transfer to another school. This differs from the current system, in which students receive an associate's degree typically after two years, and a bachelor's degree after four years of study.
1970 saw both the first commencement ceremonies at Simon's Rock as well as the first coeducational entering class.
Hall retired as Simon's Rock's president in 1972, handing the post off to Baird W. Whitlock, whose presidency ended in 1977. Though only serving for five years, Whitlock was very influential to Simon's Rock's development. He oversaw a complete change in the associate's program, which was condensed into two years, eliminating the high school components. He also oversaw the beginning of the bachelor's degree program, which was accredited in 1974 by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges.
Samuel McGill was Simon's Rock's president from 1977 to 1979, at which point Bard College became affiliated with Simon's Rock. The acquisition was completed as an attempt to bring Simon's Rock out of the major financial struggle it was experiencing. At the time that Simon's Rock was looking for a school to acquire it, some of the possible schools included Boston University and Yale University. The Bard acquisition took about one month from start to finish. This made Leon Botstein, the president of Bard, the ex officio president of Simon's Rock, and he still holds both offices today.
In 1981, with the help of various donors, Simon's Rock purchased the 75-acre (300,000 m2) Upper Campus, a former seminary three-quarters of a mile uphill from the original Simon's Rock campus. This added a gymnasium, chapel and various forms of housing to Simon's Rock's assets.
In 1989, an arts and humanities building was built directly across Alford Road, near the college's other arts buildings. In the same year, the student union was established in the lower level of the dining hall.
In 1993, the then-unused chapel from upper campus was relocated to the main part of campus and renovated, becoming the college's music building. That same year, a number of the campus's arts and dormitory buildings were also renovated.
Since then, many buildings have been built or renovated. These include the Fisher Science and Academic Center (completed 1998), the Kilpatrick Athletic Center (completed 1999), the Daniel Arts Center (completed 2005), an apartment-like dormitory for upperclassmen (Pibly House, completed 2000), the Livingston Hall Student Union (completed 2006), and others.
In 2000, Simon's Rock became the first college in the United States to officially recognize International Workers' Day.
On April 11, 2006, part of Carriage House, a residence in upper campus, burned in an electrical fire in the early morning. No one was hurt in the incident, but some student possessions were partially or entirely destroyed. The remnants of the building were burnt down by the Great Barrington Fire Department in January 2009 in a training exercise.
On December 14, 1992, a shooting occurred at Simon's Rock College. At around 10:30 pm, Wayne Lo, a student at the school, shot and killed one student and one professor, and wounded three students and a security guard. His SKS rifle soon jammed and Lo later surrendered to authorities without further incident.
The people killed in the shooting were 18-year-old Galen Gibson and 37-year-old Ñacuñán Saez. The shooting led to major upheaval in Great Barrington, including lawsuits against the college for failing to prevent it. Gibson's father, Gregory Gibson, later wrote a book about the tragedy, Gone Boy: A Walkabout, published in 2000. A scholarship was also established by the college in the name of Galen Gibson; it is still currently offered.
Faculty at Bard College at Simon's Rock are primarily appointed to one of the following four academic divisions: the Division of the Arts, the Division of Languages and Literature, the Division of Science, Mathematics and Computing, and the Division of Social Studies. Students may also hold one of several concentrations available under Interdivisonal Studies.
Over 40 concentrations are available, including art history, Asian studies, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and theater. The school offers study abroad and independent study opportunities, as well as a 3/2 dual-degree program with Columbia University for those who wish to pursue engineering. Similar programs are available with Dartmouth College and Washington University in St. Louis. Students are encouraged to spend one or more terms at Lincoln College in the University of Oxford, or at other institutions during their time as a Simon's Rock enrollee.
While many students receive associate's degree degrees after two years and transfer to other institutions, around half stay and moderate into the Simon's Rock B.A. program. Those who wish to remain eligible for a bachelor's degree must complete senior theses, which become professionally printed, archived, and remain available to the public in the Alumni Library.
Classes are discussion-oriented, with lecture based offerings largely limited to low level science courses. The system is predicated on the idea that the students bring as much value to the class as the professors. In fact, orientation for incoming students is a mandatory week-long writing and thinking workshop, designed to readjust students to pedagogical, cooperative bidirectional learning.
It is a school policy that teachers are referred to on a first-name basis. For example, students don't refer to the former dean as "Dr. Bernard Rodgers," but instead call him "Bernie." Professors never receive tenure as a matter of policy.
Washington Monthly ranked Simon's Rock first among baccalaureate colleges in the nation in 2010.
There are only about 400 students (though due to its small size, large fluctuations in class enrollment and admissions are common), resulting in a very low student-to-faculty ratio, around 8:1. Few classes have more than 15 students; none has more than 30. Some classes have as few as three students, and independent study or tutorial courses in which one student works closely with a professor are common.
The llama is the mascot of Bard College at Simon's Rock. This is due to the proximity of the college soccer fields to Seekonk Veterinary Hospital, a veterinary clinic that, at one time, had a llama pasture. Interscholastic sports offered at the school include soccer, basketball, and swimming.
All students at Simon's Rock are required to fulfill athletic requirements through the "Recreational Athletic Program." RAP courses include traditional gym classes, such as martial arts, swimming lessons, weight training, and so on, but extend to things like bowling, dodgeball, hackeysack, gardening and scuba diving.
The vast majority of students at Simon's Rock live on-campus, and all students (except those with local families) are required to live on-campus during their first three years.
Eight dormitories are currently used to house students. Three of these are predominantly for first-year students, while the others are for other classes:
- Crosby House is a women's dormitory
- Dolliver House is a men's dormitory
- Kendrick House is a coeducational dormitory
Crosby, Dolliver and Kendrick are known as the "TriDorms."
- Hill House is a coeducational dormitory for sophomores, juniors and seniors, and in exceptional cases, first-years
- Foster Houses (colloquially known as "The Mods") is a set of 12 townhouses, each built to house four non-first-year students. After the 2010-2011 academic year the Foster Houses were closed for long-term renovation and have yet to be reopened.
- Orchard Houses can each house five to seven non-first-years. Of the three that were built, all three currently house staff members and their families, while one still houses students of both sexes. Orchard 2, the last student house, was discontinued for student use in 2009-2010.
- Pibly House is a coeducational dormitory, consisting of eight two- or three-bedroom apartments for juniors and seniors
- The Cottage has been used as coeducational housing for three to five non-first-year students since 2007. Before 2007, it was mainly used for staff members.
- A new dorm, called Carriage House, has been built in 2009 on the site where the former Carriage House stood. It is for sophomores and above, and contains all double rooms.
- Annex was used as student housing during 2008-2009
- Red Brick House and Checker Chance are two dorms that housed small numbers of non-first year students in house style during 2008-2009. They are located across the street from the main section of campus, on Hurlburt road. These are discontinued in 2009-2010.
Both Pibly House and The Cottage are on Upper Campus, a portion of the campus that is about 3/4-mile uphill from the main section of the campus. Other buildings on Upper Campus include the provost's house, the Annex (a small building that houses staff), and formerly Carriage House. The majority of Carriage House was destroyed in a fire in 2005, and the remains stood until 2009. The remnants of the building were burnt down by the Great Barrington Fire Department as a training exercise. As mentioned above, a new Carriage has been built. During the Fall 2008 semester the College also provided overflow student housing at the nearby Days Inn hotel.
Notable alumni and faculty
- Amanda Baggs, activist
- Alison Bechdel, creator of the comic Dykes To Watch Out For and graphic novel Fun Home
- Mark Clifford, former Editor-in-Chief of the South China Morning Post
- Joel and Ethan Coen, Academy Award-winning filmmakers
- Martin Dosh, musician
- Mike Doughty, singer/songwriter, founder of the band Soul Coughing
- Daisy Eagan, actress
- Ronan Farrow, journalist (son of Mia Farrow and Woody Allen)
- Henry Ferrini, documentary filmmaker
- Annie Finch, poet
- Nat Gertler, writer
- Ben Goertzel, artificial intelligence researcher
- Meg Hutchinson, singer-songwriter
- Sarah Rose Karr, actress most known for her role as Emily Newton in Beethoven and Beethoven's 2nd
- Michael S. Kurth, better known as Curse
- Mark Leiter, chairman of the Demand Institute
- Zachary Mason, writer, known for his debut work The Lost Books of the Odyssey.
- Jefferson Miller, Academy Award winning Director of Photography
- John McWhorter, Linguist, Manhattan Institute Senior Fellow and a commentator on issues of race, ethnicity and culture in America
- Eli Pariser, Executive Director, MoveOn.org Political Action
- Susan May Pratt, actress
- Karen Allen, adjunct Faculty in the Arts, is an acclaimed actress best known for her roles in films such as Raiders of the Lost Ark, National Lampoon's Animal House, Starman, and Cruising.
- Edgar Chamorro, Professor of Spanish and Latin, is a former leader of the Nicaraguan Contras and outspoken critic of the CIA's involvement in Latin America.
- Nancy Bonvillain, professor of Anthropology and Linguistics, is an authority on Native American cultures and languages, and has written over twenty books on language, culture, and gender.
- Emmanuel Dongala, Professor of Chemistry and Richard B. Fisher Chair in Natural Sciences, is a leading African novelist. Writer Philip Roth and Simon's Rock President Leon Botstein found him a job at the college when he was forced to flee the war-torn Republic of the Congo.
- Peter Filkins, Literary translator and poet. First translator of H. G. Adler's novels into English.
- credentials_cookie_auth — Bard College at Simon's Rock
- Meet the Faculty — Bard College at Simon's Rock
- Bard College at Simon's Rock Meets the Challenges of Success — Bard College at Simon's Rock
- Smith, Jenn (December 6, 2006). "Simon's Rock to change its name". The Berkshire Eagle. Retrieved December 6, 2006.
- MA Court Cases: Find MA Opinions at FindLaw
- Questions outweigh answers in college shooting spree, New York Times
- Academic Concentrations (A-Z) — Bard College at Simon's Rock - The Early College
- Sophomore Planning & Moderation — Bard College at Simon's Rock - The Early College
- U.S. News and World Report, Bard College at Simon's Rock - Best Colleges - Education - US News and World Report
- Bard College at Simon's Rock
- Autism neurodiversity: Does facilitated communication work, and who speaks for the severely autistic?