Bardera

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Bardera
Baardheere
View over Bardera
View over Bardera
Bardera is located in Somalia
Bardera
Bardera
Location in Somalia
Coordinates: 2°20′N 42°17′E / 2.333°N 42.283°E / 2.333; 42.283
Country  Somalia
Somalia Gedo
Government
 • Bardera District Commissioner Mohamedsharif Hirsi Dhudi
Population [1]
 • Estimate (2011) 5,000 - 10,000
Time zone +3

Bardera City (Somali: Baardheere) is an important agricultural city in the Gedo region of Somalia. It is the second most populous town in the Juba Valley, with Kismayo being the largest and most densely populated city in the region, and Garbahaarreey serving as Gedo's capital. The name Baardheere is a compound of two words: Baar meaning "palm tree", and dheere meaning "tall", a reference to the ubiquitous palm trees in the area. The city is also reputed as a hub of Islamic scholarship and agricultural production.

Overview[edit]

Bardera is situated 2-3 degrees latitude north of the equator and at a longitude of 42-43 degrees. It is characterized by warm weather and high humidity. The climate is ideally suited for year-round crop production.

In the 1930s, there were about 8,000 inhabitants in the city.

Agriculture[edit]

Large numbers of Bardera's residents make their living working in the many small and large farms on the span of the Jubb River in Bardera District. Agricultural products from Bardera farms are sold throughout the country. Sorghum, corn or maize, different types of onions, beans, sesame, tobacco, and fruits such as bananas, watermelon, oranges, papayas, and mangoes, from Bardera farms reach markets as far as Djibouti, about 3,000 km away to the north of Somalia.

Bridge over the Jubba River.

There are two types of farming which exist in Bardera area: Irrigated farming and seasonal farming[citation needed]. Many medium- and small-scale farms near the river use water pumping machines. These motors irrigate the land with canals, and farmers plant crops. The majority of farmers use a low-tech farming method of farming during the two rainy seasons of gu' and deyr. Small operation farms are found throughout Gedo region, far away from the river banks where families plant sorghum, maize, and beans on any land that is suitable for farming. These farming plots are located on sandy soft earth often with muddy combinations. The locals call this type of earth adable.

Mogadishu's fruit and vegetable market used to have a section containing Bardera's famous onion product. Since the start of the civil war in Somalia, produce from Bardera to large cities like Mogadishu, Kismayo, or Baidoa were diverted to Kenyan markets such as Wajir, Garissa, Mombasa, and Nairobi.

Palmtree being part of the name Bardera, there are many beautiful palm trees along the river bank and almost every farm has one or two palm trees.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Baardheere
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 37
(98)
39
(102)
39
(102)
37
(98)
35
(95)
34
(93)
33
(91)
33
(91)
35
(95)
35
(95)
35
(95)
36
(96)
35.7
(95.9)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(69)
21
(69)
22
(71)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(69)
20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(69)
22
(71)
22
(71)
21
(69)
21.4
(70)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
20
(0.8)
97
(3.8)
58
(2.3)
10
(0.4)
18
(0.7)
5
(0.2)
8
(0.3)
74
(2.9)
79
(3.1)
23
(0.9)
402
(15.8)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

Commerce[edit]

View over Bardera

Bardera is connected to the port city of Kismayo. Everything from building materials to medicines come from Kismayo. There is another commercial route to Wajir in the North East Province. There is also well-established inter-regional commercial activity zone between Bardera and Belad Hawo. People and goods move freely between these two destinations.

For decades, the main business route for Bardera was to and from Mogadishu via Baidoa. However, this travel route was greatly disrupted during the height of the Somali civil war in early 1990s. Nevertheless, some trucks bring commercial goods from Mogadishu.

The economy of Bardera is largely agriculture-based. Animal husbandry also figures prominently, with livestock kept for meat, milk and butter. During the 1970s, animal skins such as leather and hide were important trading commodities in the area, as well as in surrounding districts and the Gedo region as a whole.

Health[edit]

Bardera's main district hospital has been closed due to disrepair and neglect since November 1995. Functioning health centers include Somali Red Crescent MCH, HIRDA MCH, West Bardera Maternity Unit and East Bardera Mothers and Children's Hospital, now Bardera Maternity Hospital.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Land[edit]

The population uses basic modes of transportation; only a small percentage of the district residents owns motor vehicles. People mostly get from place to place on foot. Each morning scores of people enter the city on foot from all directions, bringing livestock to the animal market, and milk, butter, hide, wood for cooking and other products for sale.

There are independent taxi car operators who transport customers in white Toyota automobiles. The taxi owner-operator and the customer agree upon a fee just before the customer boards the taxi.

Air[edit]

There are no scheduled flights into Bardera Airport. Charter flights of small planes land at the unpaved airstrip in the northeastern section of the city.

Waterways[edit]

The Jubba River divides the city in half but there are not any for hire boats on the river, either to cross from one bank to the other, or to travel along the river on either direction.

Sports[edit]

Bardera Championship Cup 2002

Bardera has an organized and thriving sports scene. The professional football team from Bardera takes part in competitions of Jubba Cup and Gedo District's Cup. Bardera Football team is the winner of 2002 South Somalia Regional Cup Champions. Badera played and won against Kismayo and Baido teams.

Education[edit]

Bardera has five primary schools and two high schools. For higher education, there are two tertiary education institutions, University of Gedo and Bardera Polytechnic.

Media[edit]

Bardera has two FM radio stations:

  • Markabley Radio
  • Bardera Radio

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 2°20′N 42°17′E / 2.333°N 42.283°E / 2.333; 42.283

External links[edit]