Bardi, Emilia-Romagna

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Bardi
Comune
Comune di Bardi
The Castle of Bardi
The Castle of Bardi
Coat of arms of Bardi
Coat of arms
Bardi is located in Italy
Bardi
Bardi
Location of Bardi in Italy
Coordinates: 44°38′N 9°44′E / 44.633°N 9.733°E / 44.633; 9.733
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Parma (PR)
Frazioni Assirati, Bazzini, Bergazzi, Berlini, Bertonazzi, Boccolo, Bosini, Bre, Brugnoli, Caberra, Cacrovoli, Caneto, Cantiga, Caprile, Carpana, Casanova, Case Ini, Case Soprane, Cavallare, Cerreto, Chiesabianca, Cogno, Credarola, Cogno Grezzo, Comune Soprano, Costa, Cremadasca, Diamanti, Dorbora, Faccini, Faggio, Fantoni, Ferrari, Filippini, Franchini, Frassineto, Gabriellini, Gazzo, Geminiano, Granelli, Granere, Gravago, Grezzo, Lezzara, Lobbie, Moglie, Monastero, Noveglia, Osacca, Panigaro, Pareto, Piana Gazzo, Pianelletto, Pieve, Pione, Ponteceno di sopra, Romei, Roncole, Rossi, Rugarlo, Saliceto, Santa Giustina, Segarati, Sidolo, Tanugola, Taverna, Tiglio, Vicanini, Vischetto di Là, Vosina
Government
 • Mayor Valentina Pontremoli (Un Idea Per Bardi)
Area
 • Total 190.1 km2 (73.4 sq mi)
Elevation 625 m (2,051 ft)
Population (31 July 2011)[1]
 • Total 2,355
 • Density 12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Demonym Bardigiani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43032
Dialing code 0525
Patron saint St. John the Baptist
Saint day June 24
Website Official website

Bardi is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Bologna and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Parma, in the upper Ceno valley. It is dominated by the imposing Landi Castle built over a spur of red jasper.

Bardi borders the following municipalities: Bedonia, Bore, Borgo Val di Taro, Compiano, Farini, Ferriere, Morfasso, Valmozzola, Varsi.

History[edit]

According to a legend, the town's name would derive from "Bardus", or "Barrio", the last elephant of Hannibal's army, who supposedly died here during the march to Rome. Historically, the name stems from the Lombard nobility who established themselves in Bardi around 600 AD. In 1000 the bishop of Piacenza took up residence here.

In 1257 the Ghibelline Landi of Piacenza acquired it, remaining lord of Bardi for the following four centuries. In 1269 the castle was stormed by the Guelphs, and the commune of Piacenza held it until 1307, when Emperor Henry VII gave it back to Umbertino II Landi. Galeazzo I Visconti of Milan obtained a notable victory over the Guelphs in the nearby on November 29, 1321. In 1381 the Landi were declared formally independent by Gian Galeazzo Visconti, and obtained a complete autonomy in 1415.

Federico and his daughter Polissena Bardi renewed the castle in the 16th-17th century, establishing a college which lasted until 1805. In 1682 Polissena's son Dario ceded Bardi to Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, and the town followed the story of the latter until the unification of Italy.

From the late 19th to 20th century, much of the town's population emigrated to Wales, France, Switzerland and Belgium. During World War II the area saw numerous clashes between the German occupants and the partisans, the city being bombed by 12 Stukas on July 17, 1944.

Main sights[edit]

  • Castello dei Landi, commanding the Ceno Valley from the top of a red jasper spur. It was founded at the time of Berengar I of Italy (c. 9th century AD). In the 16th century it was turned into a princely mansion by Federico Landi, including a painting gallery and a library; subsequently it was hold by the Farnese and the Bourbon families. It is home to the Museum of the Valley Civilization and Museum of Wildlife and Poaching, both dedicated to local folklore and customs.
  • Parish church of San Giovanni Battista (16th century)
  • Oratory of Santa Maria delle Grazie (mid-13th century, restored in 1621). It houses an early work by Mannerist painter Parmigianino, the Bardi Altarpiece (1521)
  • Country church of San Siro (12th-13th centuries)
  • Memorial Chapel of the Arandora Star (20th century)[2]
  • River Ceno[3]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ SS Arandora Star
  3. ^ Ceno
  4. ^ Levy, Paul. "Berni, Aldo (1909–1997)". ODNB. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 

External links[edit]