Bardowick

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Not to be confused with Bardowiek.
Bardowick
Coat of arms of Bardowick
Coat of arms
Bardowick   is located in Germany
Bardowick
Bardowick
Coordinates: 53°17′57″N 10°23′42″E / 53.29917°N 10.39500°E / 53.29917; 10.39500Coordinates: 53°17′57″N 10°23′42″E / 53.29917°N 10.39500°E / 53.29917; 10.39500
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Lüneburg
Municipal assoc. Bardowick
Area
 • Total 23.25 km2 (8.98 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,473
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 21357
Dialling codes 04131
Vehicle registration LG
Website www.bardowick.de

Bardowick (Bewick in Low Saxon) is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is three miles north of Lüneburg on the navigable river Ilmenau. Bardowick is also the seat of the Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") Bardowick.

History[edit]

The town was first mentioned in AD 795 and was raised to city status in AD 972 by Otto I. Its name is derived from the Longobardi, the tribe for whom it was the home and centre, and from it the colonization of Lombardy started.[2]

In 1146 the collegiate church of Saints Peter and Paul is recorded first. In 1186 the then competent Prince-Bishop of Verden, Tammo (d. 1188), further privileged the collegiate church.

The city was razed to the ground, with the exception of the churches, in AD 1189 by Henry the Lion. Until that time, it was the most prosperous commercial city of north Germany.

Today's building of the former collegiate, meanwhile Lutheran church (German: Bardowicker Dom, with Dom being used in German language - pars pro toto - as a synecdoche for collegiate churches and cathedrals alike) was erected between 1389 and 1485.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, Fortgeschriebene Einwohnerzahlen zum 31. Dezember 2012
  2. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bardowiek". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.