|• MP||Mr. Praveen Singh Aron|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Dr. Arun Kumar|
|• Mayor||Dr.I.S Tomar|
|• Total||235 km2 (91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||268 m (879 ft)|
|Population (Census 2011)|
|• Density||1,084/km2 (2,810/sq mi)|
Bareilly (i//; Hindi: बरेली, Urdu: بریلی) is a prominent city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . Standing on the Ramganga river, it is the capital of the Bareilly division and the geographical region Rohilkhand. It is located 252 kilometres (157 mi) north of the state capital, Lucknow and 250 kilometres (155 mi) east of the national capital New Delhi. Bareilly is the 4th city of Uttar Pradesh which has CNG fuel stations, after Lucknow, Kanpur, and Agra. Bareilly is the 7th largest metropolitan city of Uttar Pradesh and 50th largest metropolitan city of India.
Bareilly is a centre for the manufacturing of furniture and for trade in cotton, cereal and sugar. The status of the city grew when its name was included in the "Counter Magnets" of the National Capital Region (NCR), a list that also includes Hissar, Patiala, Kota, and Gwalior. Bareilly historically was also called Sanjashya, where the Buddha descended from Tushita (heaven) onto the earth.
This fast-growing city is also known as Bans-Bareilly. Although Bareilly is a production center for cane (bans) furniture, the name Bans Bareilly is not derived from its big bans market. It is named after two princes, Bansaldev and Baraldev, sons of Jagat Singh Katehriya who founded the city in 1537.
In 2011, the city's population was 898,167.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Ancient period
- 1.2 Medieval period
- 1.3 Modern period
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Culture
- 5 Politics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Travel and transport
- 8 Education
- 8.1 Research Institutes
- 8.2 Universities
- 8.3 Pharmacy Department
- 8.4 Education Department
- 8.5 Medical and dental colleges
- 8.6 Management and other colleges
- 8.7 Schools and academic education
- 9 Health care
- 10 Defence installations
- 11 Hindu temples
- 12 Places of interest
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Historically, the Bareilly region was first mentioned in the time of the Mahabharata. Throughout the ancient period, the fortress of Ahichatra was an important cultural, political, and religious center.
Historically, the Panchala Kingdom occupied the region east of the Kuru Kingdom between the upper Himalayas and the river Ganga. The country was divided into Uttara-Panchala (Northern Panchala) and Dakshina-Panchala (Southern Panchala). Ahicchattra, in the Aonla region of Bareilly, was the capital of Northern Panchala. The Bareilly region is said to be the birthplace of Draupadi.
Rule of Nanda, Maurya, Gupta and Maukharis Empire
The experiment in non-monarchical form of Government in Panchala was soon engulfed in the growing Magadhan imperialism – first under the Nandas and then under the Mauryas. The fall of the Mauryan empire enabled the emergence of small and independent states in the whole Ganga Valley.
Panchala re-emerged at this time as one of the strongest powers in India. About 25 kings who ruled during this period produced thousands of surviving coins. During the period between the fall of the Mauryas and the rise of the Guptas, the Panchalas had two phases of power – first the pre-Kushan phase, from c. 150 BC to CE 125 and later about fifty years after the fall of the Kushanas, which ended c. CE 350 when Panchala was assimilated into the Gupta empire by Samudragupta. Ahichatra became a province in the Gupta empire.
The Panchal coins were minted at Bareilly and the surrounding areas during 176–166 BC. Kushan and Gupta kings established mints in the region that continued into the Christian era. The Adi Vigraha and Shree Vigraha coins of the Pratihara Kings that were minted here between the 4th and 9th centuries were found at Ganga Ghati. Dating to this period are also silver coins similar to those of Peroz III. The city's continuing status as a Mint town was helped by the fact that Bareilly was disturbed only during the Independence Struggle.
The amalgamation of multiple religious and popular beliefs may be observed throughout the history of Panchala. In addition to association with the activities of Pravahana Jaivali, Gargayayana, Uddalaka etc., responsible for giving a distinctive touch to later vedic thought, the region was also a prominent centre of popular beliefs such as the cults of Nagas, Yaksas, and Vetalas.
After the fall of the Guptas in the latter half of the 6th century BCE the district of Bareilly came under the domination of the Maukharis. Under the emperor (King) Harshvardhan (606–47 AD) the area (district) was part of the Ahichatra Bhukti.
Rise of Buddhism and Jainism
In the 6th century BCE, Panchala was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas of India. The city was also influenced by Gautam Buddha and his followers. The remains of Buddhist monasteries at Ahichatra are quite extensive. Folklore has it that Gautama Buddha once visited the ancient fortress city. Bareilly, historically, was also called Sanjashya, where the Buddha descended from Tushita onto the earth.
The Jain Tirthankara Parshvanath is said to have attained Kaivalya at Ahichatra. The echoes of the Bhagavatas and the Saivas at Ahichhatrra can still be seen in the towering monuments of a massive temple, which is the most imposing structure of the site.
After the death of Harsha this region fell into anarchy and confusion. In the second quarter of the eighth century CE the district was included in the kingdom of Yashavarman (725–52 CE) of Kannauj and after him the Ayudha kings also Kannauj became the masters of the district for several decades. With the rise of the power of the Gurjara-Pratiharas in the 9th century, Bareilly came under their sway. It continued under their subordination until the end of the tenth century.
Mahmud of Ghazni gave a death blow to the decaying Gurjara Pretihara power. After the fall of the Gurjara Pretiharas Ahichatra lost its status as a flourishing cultural centre of the region. The seat of royal power was shifted from Ahichatra to Vodamayuta or modern Badaun according to the Rashtrakuta Chief Lakhanpalas inscription shows.
After the fall of the Gurjara Pretihara, the City was under the rule of local rulers. In the twelfth century it was ruled by different clans of Rajputs referred to by the general name of Katehriyas (Kshatriya) Rajputs. The province was largely held by Rajputs of different clans such as Bachal, Gaur, Chauhan and Rathor. The tract of land forming the subah or province (of Rohilkhand) was formerly called Katehr/Katiher.
The Katehriyas are to be noted for their conspicuous role in persistently resisting the onslaught of the Delhi rulers until as late as the time of Akbar. The origin and the rise of the Katehar Rajputs in the region is a mystery and a matter of controversy.
At the beginning of the thirteenth century, when the Delhi Sultanate was firmly established, Katehr was divided into the provinces of Sambhal and Budaun. But the thickly forested country, infested with wild animals, provided just the right kind of shelter for rebels. Katehr became famous for rebellions against imperial authority. The Sultanate period featured frequent rebellions in Katehr. All were ruthlessly crushed. Sultan Balban (1266–1287) ordered vast tracts of jungle to be cleared so as to make the area unsafe for the insurgents.
The slightest weakening of the central authority provoked acts of defiance from the Katehriya Rajputs. Thus the Mughals allotted lands for Afghan settlements in Katiher to weaken the rebels. Afghan settlements continued to be encouraged throughout the reign of Aurangzeb (1658–1707) and beyond. These Afghans, known as the Rohilla Afghans, caused the area to be known as Rohilkhand. Originally, some 20,000 soldiers from various Pashtun Tribes (Yusafzais, Lodis, Ghilzai, Barech, Marwat, Durrani, Tanoli, Tarin, Kakar, Khattak, Afridi and Baqarzai) were hired by Mughals, which was appreciated by Aurangzeb Alamgir. An additional force of 25,000 men was given respected positions in Mughal Army. Most settled in the Katehar region during Nadir Shah's invasion of northern India in 1739, increasing their population to 100,0000.
The city of Bareilly was founded in 1537 by Basdeo, a Katehriya Rajput. The city is mentioned in the histories for the first time by Budayuni who writes that one Husain Quli Khan was appointed the governor of 'Bareilly and Sambhal' in 1568. The divisions and revenue of the district "being fixed by Todar Mal" were recorded by Abul Fazl in 1596. The foundation of the 'modern' City of Bareilly was laid by Mukrand Rai in 1657. In 1658, Bareilly was made the headquarters of the province of Budaun.
The Mughal policy of encouraging Afghan settlements for keeping the Katehriyas in check worked only as long as the central government was strong. After Aurangzeb's death, the Afghans, having themselves become local potentates, began to seize and occupy neighbouring villages.
In 1623 two Afghan brothers of the Barech tribe, Shah Alam and Husain Khan, settled in the region, bringing with them many other Pashtun settlers. With the immigration of Daud Khan, an Afghan slave (who originally hailed from Roh in Afghanistan), the Afghan Rohillas came into prominence. His adopted son Ali Muhammad Khan succeeded in carving out an estate for himself in the district with his headquarters in the region. He was ultimately made the lawful governor of Kateher by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir (ruled 1658–1707) and the region was henceforth called "the land of the Ruhelas." After the end of the Mughal Empire many Pathans migrated from Rohilkhand.
Bareilly was a ruined city and became crowded with unemployed, restless Rohilla Pathans. Many urban cities in Uttar Pradesh were experiencing economic stagnation and poverty. This led to heavy migration overseas to Suriname and Guyana.
Ali Muhammad Khan
Meanwhile, Ali Muhammad Khan (1737–1749), grandson of Shah Alam, captured the city of Bareilly and made it his capital, later uniting the Rohillas to form the "State of Rohilkhand", between 1707 and 1720. He rapidly rose to power and got confirmed in possession of the lands he had seized. The Emperor created him a Nawab in 1737 and he was recognised as the governor of Rohilkhand in 1740.
According to 1901 census of India, the total Pathan population in Bareilly District was 40,779, out of a total population of 1,090,117. Their principal clans were the Yusafzais, Lodis, Ghilzai, Barech, Marwat, Durrani, Tanoli, Tarin, Kakar, Khattak, Afridi and Baqarzai. Other important cities were Rampur, Shahjahanpur, Badaun and others.
Ali Muhammad was succeeded by Hafiz Rahmat Khan Barech (1749–1774), whom he appointed hafiz or regent of Rohilkhand on his deathbed. Hafiz Rahmat Khan Barech extended the power of Rohilkhand from Almora in the North to Etawah in the South-West.
Under Rahmat Ali Khan, Rohilla power continued to rise, though the area was torn by strife among the rival chieftains and continuous struggles with the neighbouring powers, particularly the Nawab Vazirs of Awadh, the Bangash Nawabs, and the Marathas.
The term Rohilla is derived from the Pashtu Roh, meaning mountain, literally a mountain air and was used by the Baluch and Jats of the Derajat region to refer to the Pashtun mountains tribes of Loralai, Zhob and Waziristan regions. The Muslims in the area are chiefly the descendants of Yousafzai Afghans tribe of Pashtuns, called the Rohilla Pathans of the Mandanh sub-section, (other Pashtuns also became part of the community), who settled in the country about the year 1720. Rohilla's Sardar like Daud Khan, Ali Muhammad Khan and Hafiz Rahmat Khan Barech were from the Afghan tribe the Barech, who were originally from the Kandahar Province of Afghanistan. In Uttar Pradesh, it was used for all Pashtuns, except for the Shia Bangashes who settled in the Rohilkhand region, or men serving under Rohilla chiefs. Rohillas were distinguished by their separate language and culture. They spoke Pashto with each other but gradually lost their language over time and now converse in Urdu. Bishop Heber described them as
"The country is burdened with a crowd of lazy, profligate, self-called sawars (cavaliers), who, though many of them are not worth a rupee, conceive it derogatory to their gentility and Pathan blood to apply themselves to any honest industry, and obtain for the most part a precarious livelihood by sponging on the industrious tradesmen and farmers, on whom they levy a sort of blackmail, or as hangers-on to the wealthy and noble families yet remaining in the province. These men have no visible means of maintenance, and no visible occupation except that of lounging up and down with their swords and shields, like the ancient Highlanders, whom in many respects they much resemble."
British East India Company
Rohilkhand (under Hafiz Rahmat Khan Barech) was on the winning side at the Third Battle of Panipat of 1761 and successfully blocked the expansion of the Maratha Empire into north India. In 1772 Rohilkhand was invaded by the Marathas; however the Nawabs of Awadh came to the aid of the Rohillas in repulsing the invasion. After the war Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula demanded payment for their help from the Rohilla chief, Hafiz Rahmat Khan Barech. When the demand was refused the Nawab joined with the British under Governor Warren Hastings and his Commander-in-Chief, Alexander Champion, to invade Rohilkhand. The combined forces of Shuja-ud Daulah, the Nawab of Awadh and the Company's forces led by Colonel Champion defeated Hafiz Rahmat Ali Khan in 1774. Hafiz Rahmat Khan Barech was killed in the ensuing battle at Miranpur Katra in 1774. His death ended the period of Rohilla rule.
Rohilkhand was handed over to the Nawab Vazir of Awadh. From 1774 to 1800, the province was ruled by the Nawabs of Awadh. By 1801, the subsidies due under the various treaties for support of a British force had fallen into hopeless arrears. To defray the debt, Nawab Saadat Ali Khan surrendered Rohilkhand to the East India Company by the treaty of 10 November 1801. 
Emperor Akbar and his descendants minted gold and silver coins at mints in Bareilly. The Afghan conqueror Ahmed Shah Durani too minted gold and silver coins there.
During the time of Shah Alam II, Bareilly was the headquarters of Rohilla Sardar Hafiz Rehmat Khan and many more coins were issued. After that, the city was in possession of Awadh Nawab Asaf-ud-Daulah. The coins that he issued had Bareilly, Bareilly Aasfabad and Bareilly kite and fish as identification marks. After that, the minting of coins passed to the East India Company.
The Rohillas, after fifty years' precarious independence, were subjugated in 1774 by the confederacy of British troops with the nawab of Oudh's army, which formed a charge against Governor-general Warren Hastings. Their territory was in that year annexed to Oudh. In 1801 the nawab of Oudh ceded it to the Company in commutation of the debt.
After the Rohilla War, the change of the power structure did little to soothe the strife torn area; rather the change aggravated a precarious state of affairs. There was a general spirit of discontent throughout the district. In 1812, an inordinate enhancement in the revenue demand and then in 1814 the imposition of a new house tax caused further resentment against the British. "Business stood still, shops were shut and multitudes assembled near the courthouse to petition for the abolition of the tax." The Magistrate, Dembleton, already unpopular, made things worse by ordering the assessment to be made by a Kotwal. A skirmish took place between the rebel masses and the sepoys under Captain Cunningham, costing three or four hundred lives. In 1818, Glyn was posted as Acting Judge and the Magistrate of Bareilly and the Joint Magistrate of Bulundshahr.
In research ordered by Glyn asking Ghulam Yahya to write an account about 'craftsmen, the names of tools of manufacture and production and their dress and manners', eleven trades found out to be most popular means of livelihood in and around Bareilly in the 1820s were glass manufacture, manufacture of glass bangles, manufacture of lac bangles, crimping, gram parching, wire drawing, charpoy weaving, manufacture of gold and silver thread, keeping a grocer's shop, making jewellery and selling kababs.
First War of Independence
Bareilly (Rohilkhand) was a major centre during The Indian Rebellion of 1857 (also known as India's First War of Independence). The Rebellion began as a mutiny of native soldiers (sepoys) employed by the British East India Company's army against race- and religion-based injustices and inequities, on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. It soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions mainly in north-central India along the major river valleys (See red annotated locations on Map at right) but with local episodes extending both northwest to Peshawar on the north-west frontier with Afghanistan and southeast beyond Delhi. Communal hatred led to ugly riots in many parts of Uttar Pradesh. The green flag was hoisted and Muslims in Bareilly, Bijnor, Moradabad and other places shouted for the revival of a Muslim kingdom.
During the Mutiny of 1857 the Rohillas took an active part against the English, but then were disarmed. Khan Badur Khan Rohilla, the grandson of Hafiz Rahmat Khan formed his own government in Bareilly in 1857. A widespread popular revolt in areas such as Awadh, Bundelkhand and Rohilkhand took place. The rebellion was therefore more than just a military rebellion and it spanned more than one region.
In 1857, Khan Bhadur Khan issued silver coins from Bareilly as an independent ruler.
When the Indian Rebellion of 1857 failed Bareilly was subjugated. Khan Bahadur Khan was sentenced to death and hanged in the Kotwali on 24 February 1860.
The main conflict occurred largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh and the Delhi region. The rebellion posed a considerable threat to British East Indian Company power in that region. It was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858. Some[who?] regard the rebellion as the first of several movements over ninety years to achieve independence, which was finally achieved in 1947.
Before the independence, Muslims constituted nearly half the population of Bareilly city. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, nearly half of the Muslim population of the city migrated and settled in Pakistan, mainly in Karachi. Some Hindu and Sikh that migrated from Pakistan settled down in Bareilly.
Bareilly is located at northern India. On its eastern border are Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur and Rampur on the west, Udham Singh Nagar (Uttarakhand) in North and Badaun in South. It is level terrain, watered by many streams and generally slopes towards the south. The soil is fertile and highly cultivated, groves of trees abound and the villages are neat and prosperous. A tract of forest jungle, called the tarai, stretches along the extreme north of the district and hosts large game, such as tiger, bear, deer and wild pig. The river Sarda or Gogra forms the eastern boundary and is the principal stream. Next in importance is the Ramganga, which receives as its tributaries most of the hill torrents of the Kumaon mountains. The Deoha is another drainage artery and receives many minor streams. The Gomati or Gumti passes through the district.and lies in
|Climate data for Bareilly|
|Average high °C (°F)||21.9
|Average low °C (°F)||8.5
|Precipitation mm (inches)||22.1
Bareilly is known to have moderate climate. The city lies entirely in the Ganges plains. The low-lying Ganges plains provide fertile alluvial soil suitable for agriculture. However, these some lower part of plains are prone to recurrent floods. Bareilly lies on the bank of river Ramganga and there are seven rivers passing through this district. The lower Himalayan range is just 40 km from the river and it lies in north of it.
In 2011, Bareilly had population of 898,167 of which male and female were 477,438 and 420,729 respectively. In the 2001 census, Bareilly District recorded a 27.66 percent increase compared to 1991.
Provisional 2011 data suggest a density of 1,084 compared to 879 of 2001. Total area under Bareilly district is about 4,120 square kilometres (1,590 sq mi).
The literacy rate in 2011 was 84% compared to 81% in 2001. Male and female literacy were 69.47 and 50.35 respectively, up from 58.73 and 35.22 in 2001.
There were 669,681 children under age of 0–6 in 2011, a decline of 6.9% compared to the 719,217 of 2001 census. Of total 669,681 male and female were 352,479 and 317,202, respectively. Males represented 52.6%. In 2011, Children under 0–6 formed 15 percent of the population, down from 19.88 percent in 2001.
Bareilly District is home to 2.24 percent of total Uttar Pradesh population, unchanged from 2001.
The city covers 123.46 square kilometres (47.67 sq mi). The density of the population is among the highest in the country, touching 5000 per km².
In 2001, Hindus formed 64.81% of population. Other prominent groups include Baniya, Punjabi, Kayasth, Kurmi, jatav and deval PatwaThakurs.The district population has a major part of Gangwar's falls under the caste Kurmi. It is around 14% of the district population.
Muslims constitute 33.89% of the population. They follow different fiqhs (schools of jurisprudence or sects). More than ninety percent follow Sunni Hanafi while ten percent follow Shia Ithnā‘ashariyyah. The Sunni Hanafi are subdivided into 75% Barelvi and 25% Deobandi fiqhs.
Bareilly has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 74%, with 90% of the males and 77% of females literate, making it one of the three most literate districts in Uttar Pradesh. The main languages spoken are Hindi, English, Urdu, Punjabi and Kumaoni.
Entertainment and performing arts
The city has many arts and cultural organisations, with art galleries and theatres all around the city. The 'Craft Fair' organised each year at YugVeena Library helps artists get recognition. Strongly influenced by the city's immigrants from nearby regions, Bareilly has a mix of different cultures including Brij culture (of Mathura), Awadhi culture (of Lucknow), Pahaari culture of Kumaun region (Uttrakhand) and Harayanvi Culture (of North-West Uttar Pradesh). Bareilly also hosts Fashion Shows to demonstrate the area's unique style.
Many Bollywood movies including 'Woh 5 Din', a suspense thriller, were shot in Bareilly. The 2005 movie Main, Meri Patni Aur Woh describes Rajpal Yadav (Mitlesh)'s wife Veena (Rituparna Sengupta) coming from Bareilly.
With a large food-loving population, Bareilly has many strange-sounding, well-known eateries, which follow the tradition of naming the cuisine after the creator.
Bareilly is known for its unique Seekh Kabaabs, which are sold across the old city by numerous small eateries. Minced meat (mostly beef) mixed with spices and aromatic herbs are grilled on skewers over charcoal of 'Imli (Tamarind)'.
Bareilly lacks modern sports infrastructure. The city houses two sports stadiums and one cricket academy namely:
- Dori Lal Agarawal Sports Stadium, City Area, Bareilly
- Major Dhyan Chand Sports Stadium, Cantonment Area, Bareilly
- Cricket Academy of Bareilly (CAB) Near MB Inter College Bareilly
- subhash nagar stadium
The city is represented in sports tournaments by local club teams and teams representing schools and colleges. Most colleges have home grounds in their respective colleges.
Bareilly has an Amusement park and a water park, Fun City Boond Amusement and Water Park, located inside a single facility. The two parks attract tourists and visitors. They located on University Road within the main city.
Other Bareilly parks include:
References in music
Several Bollywood songs have references to Bareilly and its musical genres such as jhumka and kajra.
- "Surma bareilly waala ankhiyon mein aisa daala", a song from the movie Kismat and sung by Asha Bhosle and Shamshad Begum refer to Bareilly in the line – "Jhumka Bareilly waala kaanon mein aisa daala. Jhumke ne le li meri jaan, haai re main tere qurbaan."
- The "Barra Bazaar" (Market) of Bareilly was widely praised during the Mughal Period. Owing to the popularity of the Market (Bazar) the song "Jhumka Gira Re, Bareilly ke Bazar mein" (from the movie "Mera Saaya" and sung by Asha Bhosle, written by Shakeel Badauni) recalls the name of this market.
- The recent song "Aaja Nachle" (from the movie Aaja Nach Le – featuring Madhuri Dixit) also uses the connection of Jhumka with Bareilly.
- In the movie U Me Aur Hum – "New Delhi mein Bareilly Jaisa Saiyaan" (featuring Kajol and Ajay Devgan).
- In the movie Jail – "Bareilly Ke bazaar mein" (featuring Neil Nitin Mukesh directed by Madhur BHandarkar).
People from Bareilly
- Wasim Barelvi, Urdu poet
- Priyanka Chopra, former Miss World and Bollywood actress
- Rakesh Kapoor, CEO Reckitt Benckiser
The 15th Lok Sabha Election for the MP from Bareilly was won by Mr. Praveen Singh Aron (former UP state health minister) of the Indian National Congress. Bareilly always has been a battle ground for the INC and the Saffron Parties. Regional parties such as Samajwadi Party (leadership – Veerpal Singh Yadav) and Bahujan Samaj Party have limited influence.
Bareilly was a stronghold of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for 20 years (1989–2009). During this period both the Member of Parliament (MP) and Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) was from BJP. Bareilly witnessed a strong emergence of Hindu nationalism during the last two decades accompanied by the growth of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Vishva Hindu Parishad and Bajrang Dal in the region.
|Year (s) of Election Victory||Member of Parliament||Political Party|
|1952, 1957||Mr. Satish Chandra||Indian National Congress|
|1962||Mr. Brij Raj Singh||Jan Sangh|
|1967||Mr. Brij Bhushan Lal||Jan Sangh|
|1971||Mr. Satish Chandra||Indian National Congress|
|1977||Mr. Ram Murti||Janata Party|
|1980, 1984||Begum Abida Ahmed||Indian National Congress|
|1989, 1991, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004||Mr. Santosh Kumar Gangwar||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|2009||Mr. Praveen Singh Aron||Indian National Congress|
Santosh Gangwar is a prominent leader and former Member of Parliament from the city of Bareilly, who was the MP for 20 years (1989–2009). He was a former minister of state in Government of India, holding the portfolio of Minister of State for Petroleum & Natural Gas with additional charge of Parliament Affairs in 13th Lok Sabha minister of state in Government of India. Prior to this, Shri Gangwar was Minister of State of Science & Technology with additional charge of Parliamentary Affairs from October 1999 to November 1999. He was chief whip of the of BJP in 14th Lok Sabha. He faced defeat in the 15th Lok Sabha Elections, 2009 by a very narrow margin.
Since India began liberalising its economy, Bareilly has been one of the fastest growing cities in the region. Trade and commerce have flourished in urban areas and followed diversification, though the rural economy of the district is largely agrarian.
Bareilly is equidistant from New Delhi, the capital of India and Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, creating potential for industries and settlers.
Bareilly is, traditionally, a wheat growing belt of Rohilkhand. Corporate giant Hindustan Unilever has undertaken contract farming of rice in Bareilly and Punjab and its success has ensured low-cost, better-quality produce for its customers. The company has expressed interest in extending the experiment, but feels an enabling environment in terms of agriculture laws and infrastructure facilities is required.
In 2009, Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) allowed private players to be awarded contracts to supply power in nine cities. The same companies will be the outsource points for collecting revenue on behalf of the state government. The system will be implemented in nine cities of the state on a pilot basis. Bareilly, Agra, Kanpur, Moradabad and Gorakhpur will be covered in the first phase.
The Indian government initiated a ten per cent ethanol-blending programme on a pilot basis in Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh and Belgaum in Karnataka. Bareilly also has compressed natural gas CNG and liquid petroleum gas (LPG) outlets . Bareilly became the first district in India to implement India's bio-fuel standard.
Travel and transport
The street system in Bareilly is laid out in a traditional unplanned system, with most roads oriented towards different cities. The zero point is the intersection of Nainital Road and Bada Bazaar – Shyamganj Road at a crossroad called "Kutubkhana". Kutubkhana is a congested street and the entry of cars or heavy vehicles is barred in the daytime. The Patel Chowk – Chaupla Road or the Chowki Chauraha – Chaupla Road goes from Lucknow Road to Delhi Road National Highway 24.
Major arterial streets include:
- Stadium Road (connecting Pilibhit Road (D.D. Puram) to ShyamGanj crossroad),
- Macnair Road (connecting Nainital Road to Stadium Road),
- Pilibhit By-pass Road connecting Pilibhit Road to Lucknow Road National Highway 24,
- Sh-33 Bareilly to Mathura via Subhash Nagar, Budaun, Kasganj
- Mini By-Pass (connecting Delhi Road National Highway 24 to Nanital Road)
- Shyam Ganj – Patel Chowk – Chaupla – Quila – C.B. Ganj Road (National Highway 24)
- Shyam Ganj – Bareilly Cantt. – Chowki Chauraha – Chaupla Road
- I.V.R.I. Road (connecting Nainital Road to Pilibhit Road)
- Civil Lines Road
The main "Inter-city Satellite Bus Stand" is located just outside the city on the intersection of National Highway 24 and Pilibhit By-pass Road. The Old bus stand in Civil Lines still serves many travellers and state-owned buses travelling from the city towards Delhi.
An excellent truck stationing and repair facility known as "Transport Nagar" has also been developed on the Pilibhit By-pass Road (National Highway 74), serving lorries and hauliers.
Road improvements – "four-laning"
As a part of the four-laning of National Highway 24, the highway that connects Uttar Pradesh's capital Lucknow to New Delhi via Shahjahanpur, Bareilly, Rampur, Moradabad and Ghaziabad, two corporations were awarded separate projects to execute on a Design, Build, Finance, Operate and Transfer (DBFOT) toll basis for the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).
Bareilly is well-connected with the rest of the country through railways from the 19th century. An official map of 1909 shows that Bareilly was a prominent railway junction during the 20th century. Six railway tracks intersect in the city. In 1890, the Bengal and North Western Railway took over management of the Tirhoot State Railway (under a lease) in an effort to increase the latter's profitability. The Lucknow-Sitapur-Seramow Provincial State Railway merged with the Bareilly-Pilibheet Provincial State Railway to form the Lucknow-Bareilly Railway on 1 January 1891. The Lucknow-Bareilly Railway was owned by the Government of India and worked by the Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway.
The Oudh and Tirhut Railway company operated the railway line until 1943 and managed a number of lines until 1943, when it was amalgamated with the Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway and the Lucknow Bareilly Railway. It became the Oudh-Tirhut Railway. All existing contracts were terminated and it became an entirely state-owned enterprise.
The Oudh and Tirhut Railway was formed on 1 January 1943 by the amalgamation of the Bengal and North Western Railway, the Tirhut Railway (BNW worked), the Mashrak-Thawe Extension Railway,(BNW worked), the Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway and the Lucknow-Bareilly Railway (R&K worked). The Oudh and Tirhut Railway was later renamed the Oudh Tirhut Railway and merged with the Assam Railway to form the North Eastern Railway on 14 April 1952.
Its headquarters was at Gorakhpur. On 14 April 1952, the Oudh and Tirhut Railway was amalgamated with the Assam Railway and the Kanpur-Achnera section of the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway to form North Eastern Railway, one of the 16 zones of the Indian Railways.
Currently, six railway stations serve the city –
- Bareilly Junction (serving both the Broad and Standard gauge),
- C.B. Ganj Station (serving the Broad gauge),
- Chenheti Station (serving the Broad gauge),
- City Station (serving the Metre gauge),
- Izzatnagar Station (serving the Meter Gauge & Broad gauge-recently introduced).
- Bhojipura Station (serving the Meter Gauge & Broad gauge-recently introduced)
Bareilly lies on Moradabad-Lucknow route. Trains from the north (Jammu Tawi, Amritsar, etc.) and Delhi towards the east and northeast (Gorakhpur, Barauni, Howrah, Guwahati, Dibrugarh, etc.) pass through Bareilly railway station. Bareilly also lies on the route from Uttarakhand to Kasganj and Mathura. Many trains to railway stations in Uttarakhand pass through it.
Indian Air Force has a base (called Trishul Air-base) at Izzatnagar on the outskirts of Bareilly. It is not open to civilians and does not permit civilian flights except for some high government officials.
There are plans to construct a terminal right next to the runway to start civilian operation.
Bareilly is an educational hub of western Uttar Pradesh, with multiple universities and research institutes. Bareilly is a seat of M. J. P. Rohilkhand University and hosts Indian Veterinary Research Institute and Central Avian Research Institute. (in Izzatnagar). The city hosts numerous Engineering Colleges (Institute of Engineering & Technology, A Govt Engineering College at M. J. P. Rohilkhand University Campus), Management Colleges, Law Colleges, Medical Colleges and other colleges run general courses. Bareilly College, located in the heart of city, is among the oldest educational institutions in India, built prior to the Revolt of 1857. It even has historical importance.
The M. J. P. Rohilkhand University (1975) and Bareilly College (1837), together with many private colleges and universities, underpin Bareilly's higher education system. The Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) and Central Avian Research Institute (CARI) are located in the suburb of Izzatnagar.
Two Central Research Institutes and one for the Persons with Disabilities are in the city:
Indian Veterinary Research Institute
Established in 1889, the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) is one of the premier research institutions dedicated to livestock research and development of the region. The institute has 275 faculty and has a major mandate of research, teaching, consultancy and technology transfer activities. The institute imparts quality post-graduate education to students from across India and from overseas.
Today, the institute contributes immensely to human resource development in the discipline of veterinary sciences with skills and knowledge necessary for the challenges of the new millennium. It awards master and doctoral degrees in more than 20 disciplines of veterinary and animal sciences, livestock products technology, basic sciences and extension education. To impart continuing education to field veterinarians, the institute also conducts diploma courses in veterinary preventive medicine, animal husbandry, veterinary biological products, animal reproduction, poultry husbandry, medicine and surgery, zoo and wild animal health care and management, meat and meat products technology.
Central Avian Research Institute
India's national research institute on poultry science provides information on research, education and extension for the Indian poultry industry.
Jeevandhara Rehabilitation and Research Institute
Jeevandhara Rehabilitation and Research Institute (JDRRI)serves people with disabilities. The Institute is working mainly for:
- Children with Hearing Impairment
- Children with Mental Retardation
The institute is extending its facility to M.J.P. Rohilkhand University as a Teaching and Learning Lab.
Scientists from Bareilly
V. K.Singh is an alumnus of Govt. Inter College, Bareilly. He works as a scientist at Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) Trivandrum, one of Indian Space Research Organization's major centres. LPSC is responsible for the design and development of liquid rocket engines. He is the recipient of the 2007 Dr Wille Memorial Prize by the National Society of Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power, India. Dr. M. Mohsin Khan( faculty at AMU, Aligarh) is an alumnus of Bareilly College. Dr. Mohsin is among the Indian Scientist involved in experiments at LHC, CERN ( European Center of Nuclear Research), Geneva, Switzerland.
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University (M. J. P. Rohilkhand University), Bareilly came into existence in 1975. It was carved out of the then Agra University. The University imparts non-conventional, professional and technical education through its network of colleges and institutes. It has, over the period, emerged as a pioneering institution in Uttar Pradesh.
At present 21 university departments, 17 Government colleges, 29 Government funded affiliated colleges, 108 self- financing colleges are there. The University runs 36 Post Graduate, 15 under Graduate, 09 Diploma, 20 Post Graduate Diploma, 02 M.Phil and 34 Doctoral Programmes. In most cases syllabi are revised annually.
Institute of Engineering & Technology University Campus:- This is a government institute and having six department.
- Electrical engineering
- Electronics & Communication Engg.
- Electronics & Instrumenation Engg.
- Chemical Engg.
- Mechanical Engg.
- Computer & IT Engg.
- BEd General
- BEd Special
Invertis is a private university. It houses 9 different colleges and provides courses like. BTech, MTech, B. Pharm, M. Pharm, BArch, BBA, MBA, BCA, MCA, LAW, BJMC, etc.
Medical and dental colleges
- S.R.M. State Government Ayurvedic Medical College & Hospital (Since 1972, Affiliated by, Govt. of India, Ministry of H&FW, Deptt. of AYUSH & U.P. State AYUSH Medical Education Department Ministry; With Central Couincil of Indian Medicine, New Delhi; with CSJM Kanpur University)
- Rohilkhand Medical College
- SRMS Institute of Medical Sciences
- Institute of Dental Studies, RMC
Management and other colleges
- Rakshpal Bahadur Management Institute
- Khandelwal College of Management Science & Technology
- Prem Prakash Gupta Institute of Management
- Rakshpal Bahadur College of Management, Engineering & Technology
- Rajshree Group of Institutions
- Lotus Institute of Management Sciences
- Prem Prakash Gupta Institute of Engineering/Management
- Future group of institutions for engineering and management
- Mascot Institute of Management
- Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management and Technology
- Utkarsh Business School
- Lotus Institute of Technology
- SRMS Institute of Management
- Institute of Management Science, Rohilkhand University
- Regional College of Professional Studies and Research, opposite Mahanagar.
Schools and academic education
- Hartmann College, Izzatnagar
- St. Maria Gorretti Girls College, Cantt
- G.P.M. College, Civil Lines
- Holy Family Convent School,Aonla
- Mission Academy, Mandanpur, Baheri
- Alma Mater Day Boarding School, Kurmanchal Nagar
- Vidya Bhavans Public School
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, NER, Road No. 7, Izatnagar
- Kendriya Vidyalaya No.-1,JAT Centre Bareilly Cantt
- Kendriya Vidyalaya No.-2,JLA,Bareilly Cantt
- Bishop Conrad Sr. Sec. School, Dohna
- Air Force School, Air Force Station Izzatnagar
- Army School
- G.R.M. Senior Secondary School,
- Madhavrao Scindia Public School, pilibhit road, Bareilly
- Bishop Conrad Senior Secondary School, Cantt
- St. Francis Convent School, Pilibhit Road
- KV Air Force Station, Pilibhit Road
- Radha Madhav Public School, Bisalpur Road
- Delhi Public School, Delhi Road
- BBL Public School, Nainital Road
- BBL Public School, Alakhnath Road
- Woodrow Senior Secondary School
- G.P.M. College.
- S.R. Intarnational School,Bisalpur Road (2.5 km. from Green Park).
- Sacred Hearts Sr. sec. public school, Karampur chaudhri, Nanital road
- Springdale College, Bareilly
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Bareilly
- Arya Putri Inter College
- Satkar Memorial School, Kila
- Sri Gulab Rai Inter College
- Govt. Inter College
- Govt. Girls Inter College
- Jay Narayan Inter College, University Road
- Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Nainital Road
- Vishnu Inter College
- Manohar Bhushan Intermediate College
- Gulabrai Intermediate College
- Guru Nanank Khalsa Inter College, Subhash Nagar, Bareilly
- Tilak Inter College
- Government Girls Inter College
- Harrow School, D.D puram
- Sprindale School
- Bishop Mondal Inter College
- Ram Bharose Lal Girls Inter College
- D.K. Girls Inter College
- Kastoorba Girls Inter College [Under Supervision of Nagar Nigam]
- S.V. Inter College (Saraswati Vidhyalay Inter College)
- F.R. Islamia Inter College
- F.R. Islamia Girls Inter College
- Tulsidas Kilachand Intermediate College
- Rani Mahalaxmibai Sarswati Vidya Mandir Inter College
- Chandraprakash Uchhattar Madhyamik High School
- suraj mukhi saraswati vidya mandir inter college (Durga nagar bareilly)
- KPRC Kala Kendra Girls Inter College
- Mahaveer Prasad Saxena Kanya Inter College
- Shri Guru Nanak Rikhi Singh Girls Inter College
The city serves as a gateway to the patients of the Kumaun, Rohilkhand and West Nepal region. In the vedic period Bareilly was famous for Ayurvedic treatment. The practitioners of that period promoted the cultivation of Aonla, popularly known as Indian gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica, syn. Emblica officinalis) at the outskirts of Bareilly, leading the entire area to be named Aonla. One Ayurvedic practitioner of Bareilly was Late Shri Vaidya Narottam Tripathi. Another town now called Baheri was solely dependent on the cultivation of Terminalia belerica – Bahera; and eventually was named for the plants grown there. Another famous town of Bareilly is Haroda. It traditionally grew Harrada medicinal plants, scientifically known as Terminalia chebula (also as Bal Harad, or Choti Harra). In the Medieval period Muslim rulers promoted an Ancient Unani treatment called Hikmat, Tibb or Tibia. Certain families became famous for their diagnostic skills and were eventually awarded titles of Hakim-ul-Mulk (Doctor of the Country) by the Rohilla rulers.
During the British period nothing was done until the mutiny started. The city remained under revolutionary siege for almost a year. Afterwards hundreds of revolutionaries faced summary trials and were executed. Later they were medically examined before and after execution. A makeshift medical examination facility was erected near Kotwali area in the city, with almost half a dozen sweepers to assist the medical examination process of the injured and the dead. This facility grew into the city's major health care facility.
For another fifty years this facility grew very slowly. The spread of some infectious and contagious diseases later led to growth. It later served wounded British officers and Sepoys during the World War II, then it had an emergency operation theatre equipped with a portable X-ray machine to investigate fractures. This costly X-ray diagnosis was available to only white officers and soldiers.
Nothing much is known about the present District/Civil Hospital and its growth later. There is no recorded evidence available so far. Right now the city has two medical colleges, one dental college, one ayurvedic college. One More Medical college also shortly expected in association with "Clara Swain" or popularly known as mission hospital.
Bareilly is the regimental centre and a major settlement of the Jat Regiment, which is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army. It is one of the longest serving and most decorated regiments of the Indian Army. The regiment won 19 battle honours between 1839 to 1947 and post-independence five battle honours, eight Mahavir Chakra, eight Kirti Chakra, 32 Shaurya Chakras, 39 Vir Chakras and 170 Sena Medals.
Bareilly has regional Headquarters of Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP). BSF centre is located 15 km from the City Centre on Delhi Road.
Bareilly is home to many Hindu temples. Four Nath (Shiva) temples are situated on the city's four corners: the Alakha Nath, Trivati Nath, Madhi Nath and Dhopeshwar Nath temples. So Bareilly are called Nath Nagri.[clarification needed]
Places of interest
- Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar (one of the biggest in Asia)
- Army Service Corps. Museum, Cantonment
- Panchala Museum, University Campus
- Ramnagar Fort, 25 km Aonla
- Teerthankar Temple, Ramnagar 25 km A
- Bareilly fort, cantt
- Christ Methodist Church, Chawki Choraha
- Hari Mandir, Model Town, Bareilly
- ISKCON Bareilly (Opening Soon)
- Shri Dauji Ka Mandir, Kila Bazar, Bareilly
- Shri Chote Dauji ka Mandire, Sahukara, Sethon Gali
- Shri Bankey Bihari Temple, Rajendra Nagar
- Lakshmi Narayan Temple (katra man rai), Koharapeer
- Dhopeshwar Nath Temple, sadar, Cantonment
- Ancient Shiv Temple B.I. Bazar, Cantonment (British Infantry)
- Alak Nath Temple, Nainital Road
- Trivatinath Temple, BDA Colony
- Pashupati Nath Temple, University Road
- Bhole Nath Temple, Kurmanchal Nagar
- Bhagwaan Mahaveer Temple, Rampur Garden
- Anand Ashram, Rampur Garden
- Hanuman Temple Near Hartmann College Bareilly
- Shri Sai Baba Mandir, Shastri Nagar, Bareilly
- Thapeswarnath shubhash nagar Bareilly
- Bankhandinath Near suresh sharma nagar
- Gauri Sankar Temple Gulab Nagar, Bareilly
- Nou Devi Temple Sahukara
- Shree Harey Ram Navdurga Mandir, Avadhpuri,Subhash Nagar, Bareilly
- Gurudwara Singh Sabha(Bada Gurudwara), Guru Gobind Singh Nagar (Model Town)
- Gurudwara Singh sabha, Subhash nagar
- Gurudwara Sri Hargobind Sahib, Janak Puri
- Gurudwara Dukh Niwaran Sahib, Sanjay Nagar
- Gurudwara Guru Teg Bahadhur Sahib, Farashi Tola
- Gurudwara Sri Guru Nanak Darbar, Koharapeer
- Gurudwara Guru Nanak Udasi, bareilly cantt
- Gurudwara Punjabi Satsang sabha, Chowki Chauraha, Civil lines
- Christ Methodist Church, Chawki Choraha
- St. Paul's Church. Izzatnagar
- Freewill Baptist Church, Cantonment
- Church of North India, Cantonment
- Cathedral of St. Alphonsus de Ligouri, seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bareilly
- Masihi Kalisiya Church, Defence Colony, Izatnagar
- Dargah Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, Saudagaran
- Dargah Hazrat Shah Sharafat Miyan, Shahbad
- Bibi ji ki Masjid (wife of Rohella Nawab Hafiz Remat Kahn Saheb)
- Children's Park, Cantonment
- Phool Bagh, Cantonment
- Company Garden, Civil Lines
- C L Park, Prem Nagar
- Mayur Van Chetna Kendra, University Road
- Maharaja Agrasen Park, Rampur Garden
- Akshar vihar
- Lichi bagh, Qila
- Vatika (park) Rampur Garden
- Fun City Boond Amusement and Water Park, University Road
- Yugveena Library
- Osho Library
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