Water tower of Barendrecht
Location in South Holland
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Jan van Belzen (SGP)|
|• Total||21.73 km2 (8.39 sq mi)|
|• Land||19.83 km2 (7.66 sq mi)|
|• Water||1.90 km2 (0.73 sq mi)|
|Elevation||−1 m (−3 ft)|
|Population (December 2013)|
|• Density||2,390/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|• Louny||Czech Republic|
Barendrecht ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a town in the Netherlands, located as a suburb of Rotterdam in the province of South Holland. The municipality had a population of 47,387 in 2013, and covers an area of 21.73 km2 (8.39 sq mi) of which 1.90 km2 (0.73 sq mi) is water.
The current municipality of Barendrecht is located in the area of three former fiefdoms: East-Barendrecht, West-Barendrecht, and Carnisse. The oldest reference to East-Barendrecht is from 1264. These fiefdoms were in Riederwaard, an area reclaimed from water since the 12th century but had to deal with frequent dike breaches throughout the 13th and 14th centuries. Further stages in land reclamation, constituting the major part of modern Barendrecht, were the Binnenland polder (1484), Buitenland polder (1555) and Zuidpolder (1649).
During the French Period, the three fiefdoms were merged into one municipality Barendrecht. After the French Period, it was split into East and West-Barendrecht, but in 1836 it was again united as one municipality.
The population of Barendrecht increased ten-fold in the last 80 years from just under 5,000 in 1930 to close to 50,000 in 2010. During this time the number of homes increased as well, there was and eight-fold increase in the number of homes in the last 50 years from 2,200 in 1961 to 18,400 in 2011. The overal population increased, whereas the number of persons per household decreased. This is consistent with the general trend in the Netherlands over this period.
In 2012 Barendrecht had a population of 47,055, of which 23,230 were male (49.4%) and 23,825 female (50.6%). According to the civil registry 21% of its population were under the age of 14, 11% were between 15 and 24 years old, 27% were from 25 to 44, 28% were from 45 to 64 and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The marital status of the municipality was distributed such that 46% of it population was married, 45% never married, 6% divorced and 4% widowed. Twenty percent of the population of Barendrecht was from foreign origin, which is one percent point below the national average of twenty-one percent. The foreign origin of the municipality was 7% Western, 4% Suriname, 3% Turkey, 2% Morocco, 1% Dutch Caribbean and 4% from other countries.
Barendrecht had 18,615 households in 2012, this corresponds to an average of 2.5 persons per household. Of these households 24% were made up of individuals, 30% of the households were couples with no children under 18 living with them and 45% of the households contained children under 18.
Barendrecht is home to two football clubs; BVV Barendrecht, which plays at the third level of the Dutch football pyramid, and VV Smitshoek which plays at the fourth tier of the football pyramid. BVV Barendrecht won the KNVB Amateur Cup in the 2008–09 season, they were banned from the 2011–12 KNVB Cup after winning their first round matchup. In addition to these clubs there are also numerous other sport clubs, including organized badminton, basketball, handball, hockey, korfball, tennis, track and field, volleyball and water polo. Due to its proximity to Rotterdam, Barendrecht occasionally is the scene for road events starting or finishing in Rotterdam, it is the penultimate municipality on the route of the 520 km (320 mi) annual Paris-Rotterdam relay run.
Athletes from Barendrecht have also had individual success, mostly notably quadruple Olympic swimming champion Inge de Bruijn. She won four gold medals, two silver medals and two bronze medals in the freestyle and butterfly events at the 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympics. During her career she won a total of 36 medals in major competitions, 18 of these medals were gold. She has also held three world records in long course swimming. Several players on the Dutch water polo teams during the 1984 and 2000 Summer Olympics were from Barendrecht as well.
Two Dutch motorways pass through Barendrecht: A15 motorway and A29 motorway. The A15 runs west to east along the northern part of town and is part of the Rotterdam ring road, the exit IJsselmonde is located in the north-east of Barendrecht. The A29 runs north to south and divides Smitshoek and Carnisselande from the rest of Barendrecht, the exit Barendrecht is located in the south of the municipality. Vaanplein, the Interchange between the A15 and A29, is situated within the borders of Barendrecht. The A29 leaves Barendrecht in the south through the Heinenoordtunnel under the Oude Maas.
Two railways pass through Barendrecht: The Betuweroute and the Breda–Rotterdam railway. The Betuweroute is a double track freight railway from Rotterdam to Germany and runs along the north and east sides of Barendrecht, Queen Beatrix opened this route in Barendrecht in 2007. The Breda–Rotterdam railway, originally known as Staatslijn I when it opened in 1872, runs along the east side of Barendrecht. The Barendrecht railway station is located on this railway and was initially opened in 1872 and moved to its current location in 2001. The nine tracks running by the station are covered over a length of 1.5 km (0.9 mi) to reduce the noise to the surrounding neighbourhoods.
The Nederlandse Spoorwegen services the station with trains departing in each direction – towards Dordrecht to the southeast and Rotterdam to the northwest – four times an hour during the day during workdays and two times and hour during the rest of the railways' normal service hours. Both railways merge just north of the station, at this point a train accident occurred in 2009. Two freight trains collided head on, one of the drivers was killed and another seriously injured, a passenger train could not stop in time and collided with the wreckage.
Local public transit
As a suburb of Rotterdam, Barendrecht is serviced by multiple modes of public transportation to service commuters. Tram line 25 of the RET runs north-south through the western part of Barendrecht and runs from its southern terminus in Barendrecht to the Rotterdam Centraal railway station through the city centre and further to its northern terminus in Schiebroek. The RET also operates several buslines through Barendrecht: Three lines, via different routes, from the railway station to Zuidplein, a line from the railway station to Kralingse Zoom, and a short local route from Zuidplein to the Barendrecht community of Smitshoek and another short line departing from the east side of the railway station. Arriva runs two additional buslines: A line from city hall to the Heinenoord bus terminal, and a line from the Barendrecht railway station to the Zwijndrecht railway station.
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