|Area||1,288 km2 (497 sq mi)
558 km2 (215 sq mi) glaciated.
|Coastline||205 km (127.4 mi)|
|Highest elevation||590 m (1,940 ft)|
Barentsøya, sometimes anglicized as Barents Island, is an island in the Svalbard archipelago, Norway, lying between Edgeøya (Edgeøya) and Spitsbergen. Barents Island has no permanent human inhabitants. Named for the Dutch explorer Willem Barents (who actually never sighted the island), it is a part of Søraust-Svalbard Nature Reserve.
An Arctic island, around 43 per cent of its area of 1,288 square kilometres (497 sq mi) is glaciated. To the north, in the sound between Barentsøya and Spitsbergen, lies the island of Kükenthaløya. To the south, the sound separating Barents Island from Edgeøya is Freemansundet.
Geology and ecology
In geologic time much of the surface rock has been eroded by glaciation. The entire area is visited by polar bears, who have a recognisable genetic differentiation specialised to the Barents Sea region.
- C. Michael Hogan (2008) Polar Bear: Ursus maritimus, globalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg
- Svalbard Images: Barentsøya (URL accessed 26 December 2008)
- Svalbard Images
- C. Michael Hogan, 2008