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|Buryats, Mongols in China, Mongols|
The Barga (Mongol: Барга; simplified Chinese: 巴尔虎部; traditional Chinese: 巴爾虎部; pinyin: Bā'ěrhǔ Bù) are a subgroup of the Mongol people who speak a Barga dialect of Buryat language and predominantly live Hulunbuir since the 17th century under the Qing Dynasty.
Apparition in History
In the 12-13th centuries, the Barga Mongols appeared as tribes near Lake Baikal, named Bargujin. Genghis Khan's ancestor Alan Gua was of Barga ancestry. In the Mongol Empire, they served the Great Khans' armies. One of them named Ambaghai commanded the artillery.
After the fall of the Yuan Dynasty in 1368, the Barga joined the Oirats against the Genghisids. However, they were scattered among the Mongols and Oirats. The Barga share the same 11 clans into which the Khori-Buryats were divided. The main body of Khori-Barga moved to the area between Ergune river and the Greater Khingan Range where they became subject to the Daurs and Solon Ewenkis. A large body of Barga Khoris fled back east to the Onon river in 1594. While some came under Russian protection, others became tributary to the Khalkha.
When the Qing Dynasty attacked the Cossacks in the Ergune and Shilka rivers in 1685-89, those Barga Mongols east of the Ergune River were deported to Manchuria. The Qing court dispersed them among the Chahar banners.
In 1734, the Barga Mongols who had been left under the Khalkha noyans complained of the mistreatment of their lords and the Qing authority selected 2,400 Barga Mongols in Khalkha and stationed them with their families in Ho'lonbuir, Dornod.