Barham, Kent

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Coordinates: 51°12′25″N 1°09′25″E / 51.207°N 1.157°E / 51.207; 1.157

Barham
The Duke of Cumberland pub, Barham.jpg
The Duke of Cumberland pub, Barham
Barham is located in Kent
Barham
Barham
 Barham shown within Kent
Area  14.54 km2 (5.61 sq mi)
Population 1,355 (Civil Parish)[1]
    - Density  93 /km2 (240 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TR206495
Civil parish Barham
District Canterbury
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CANTERBURY
Postcode district CT4
Dialling code 01227
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Canterbury
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Barham /ˈbɑrəm/ is a village and civil parish in the City of Canterbury district of Kent, England. Barham is centred 7 miles south-east of Canterbury and 7 miles north of Folkestone. It has a range of village amenities as well as two steep, rural/light industrial localities in the south named Derringstone and Breach. Its other locality in the north is larger than the other two combined but much smaller than the village centre, Out Elmstead - which has listed buildings and no notable amenities of its own. A significant minority of the village is occupied by the farmland and gardens of Broome Park which is a listed building in the highest category, Grade I.

The name Barham was spelt Bioraham in 799, from Biora (derived from Beora, a Saxon chief) and Ham ("settlement" or "homestead").[2]

In 1942, Eleanor Roosevelt visited the village as part of a tour of Kent.[3]

The Nailbourne, a tributary of the Little Stour rises in Lyminge and flows intermittently in line with the seasons and rainfall through the centre of the village. Just outside Barham stood the Black Mill, a windmill which was accidentally burnt down in 1970. Barham Downs are wooded hills north-west of the village centre. A vineyard and pottery is at Breach. Across the through-road in Breach is an industrial estate, named the Barham Industrial Estate.

Barham Downs Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1890. The club disappeared following WW1.[4]

The parish church of St. John the Baptist sits on the eastern hillside, with an impressive green copper spire. Built in the 14th century, it has been partially remodelled inside to make it more appropriate for modern worship.

Geography[edit]

The land of the village is a mostly rural and wooded right-angled triangle of land (irregular in shape) commencing with the A2 road between Canterbury and Dover on its north-east border, with its housing neatly grouped among wooded hills and pasture forming the rest of the village. Elevations range between 42m in the north to 130m in the south-west.

Localities[edit]

Broome Park[edit]

Broome Park occupies about a sixth of the land of the village and is a Grade II listed Park and Garden in the initial category of the national grading system.

Out Elmstead[edit]

Out Elmstead has eight listed buildings and it the most residential of the three outliers in terms of the anciently named hamlets. A nursery is here and ford to access the place from the village centre, rather from the northbound side of the A2.

Famous inhabitants[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]