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|Named for||Barhar trees|
|Population (Census 2011)|
|• Official||Hindi, Santali, Bengali, Angika language|
|Time zone||IST (UTC5:30)|
Barharwa is named after a fruit tree 'Barhar' (Artocarpus lakoocha), which is distributed throughout this locality. Not only Barharwa, nearby places here are also named after different fruit trees. Some of them are Katahalbari, Taljhari, Kenduwa, Aatapara, Tildanga etc. This show that this region have plenty of fruits.
Barharwa is in the boundary of plane of Ganga and Chota Nagpur Plateau. River Ganga is about sixteen kilometer far from Barharwa. Actually, no river pass through Barharwa, but some small natural water streams (locally known as Jhoria) cover this area, which make the land fertile. Barharwa is surrounded by Rajmahal hills all around except towards east. The hills and its slopes are covered with forests, once dense but scanty now. Rajmahal hills was formed at the time of Jurassic Period. Rajmahal hills make Barharwa as a hub of black stone mining. Before the urbanisation and industralisation, Barharwa region was covered by forest. This was the land of Royal Bengal tiger.
The economy is predominantly agricultural. Barharwa is known for Fruit farming. Varieties of fruits mainly Mango, Sugar-apple(Sharifa), Litchi are grown here. Sabji Mandi Market is a big centre for business of fruits, from where fruits are packed and transported to outside region including Kolkata, Malda, Delhi and Uttarpradesh. Barharwa together with Pakur make hub for black stone mining. It is also known for the manufacturing of crushing and screening equipments.
As of 2011 India census, Barharwa had a population of 12,617. The population growth rate of Barharwa is 1.14%. The town is cosmopolitan, with people from Bihar, Bengal, and Jharkhand; and refugees from Bangladesh.
There are 107 Primary,36 Middle and 5 Govt. High Schools at Barharwa. Along with these there are many other Privet Schools are there at Barharwa. There are no technical (like engineering, I.T.I.), medical and B.Ed. institue at Barharwa.
- Barharwa Sindho Kanhu College, Barharwa
- Rishi Mission High School, Nayabazar, Barharwa
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Barharwa
- High School, Barharwa (A Govt High School)
- N.D.M.High school, Barharwa (A Govt High School)
- High School,Gwalkhor, Barharwa (A Govt High School)
- High School,Srikund, Barharwa (A Govt High School)
- High School,Kotalpokhar, Barharwa (A Govt High School)
- St. Thomas Girls High School,Barharwa (A Minority High School)
- Informatic Computer Education Centre, Rajmahal Road, Barharwa
Binduvasni Mandir (Temple)
An ancient temple of Tridevi is situated at Binduwasni hill at Barharwa.Binduwasni hill belongs to Rajmahal hills. This place is known as Bindudham. In this occasion of Chetra Navratra nine days Maha Yagya is organised. Fair devotees gather in large number on Ram-Navami at this temple during this festival. Alongwith the Tridevi Temple, a large 35 feet statue of God Hanuman is formed, where people can see the sacred foot prints of God Hanuman. Barharwa Railway station is only two kilometers away from Bindudham. Binduvasni hill belongs to Rajmahal hills.