Sunset over Lake Baringo, Baringo County, Kenya
Location of Baringo County (Green)
|Formed||March 4th 2013|
|• Governor||Cheboi Chesire|
|• Total||11,075.3 km2 (4,276.2 sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Baringo is one of the 47 Counties in Kenya. It borders Turkana to the North, Samburu and Laikipia to the East, Koibatek to the South, Keiyo Marakwet and West Pokot to the West. It covers an area of 8,655 square km, of which about 140.5 is covered by water surface. Baringo County lies between Latitudes 00 degrees 13" South and 1 degree 40" north and Longitudes 35 degrees 36" and 36" degrees 30" east.
The county is named after local Lake Baringo.
A game reserve was established in 1900.
The British government was present within the countries boundaries as a colonial administration beginning during 1902.
Kipsaraman sites contained fossil finds are dated to be within 15.8 and 15.5 Ma, and is one of only a few from the middle Miocene within the entirety of Africa. During 2000 the Kenyan Palaeontology Expedition announced the discovery of the remains of what was at the time considered likely a new hominid species, and was stated as the oldest hominid remains found, dated from the surrounding rock as six million years old. The find was named Orrorin tugenensis (Senut et al 2001). Later finds were made in the village of Rondinin in the Tugen Hills. Archaeological remains were recovered from Kipsaramon within the Tugen Hills during 2002.
According to Bollig as a result of British colonising peaceful relations between tribes were improved.
At a time nearing the independence of Kenya from colonial governance, the county became part of an amalgamated council including the Nakuru and Naivasha county councils. Baringo County Governor is Benjamin Cheboi, and the Senator is Gideon Moi, from the 2013 March 4th elections.
Stats for the County (Percent)
|Attending School (15-18 Yrs)||
Stats for the County
Source: USAid Kenya
The primary residents are the Tugen. The Tugen is further divided into three; the Samor, the Arror and the Lembus. Pottery from the county found through archaeology is recognized as having a distinct style, an occurrence understood as necessitated to strengthen tribal differentiation.
Some of Kenya's famous runners come from the county, most notably Paul Tergat. Tergat started the Baringo Half Marathon in the area in 2004, and it has been sponsored by Safaricom and featured athletes such as World Championship medallist Mubarak Hassan Shami.
The county is estimated to have had during
- 1915 ; 178'814 cattle, 307'708 sheep
- 1928 ; 190'968 cattle, 591'235 sheep, 736 camel, 6'673 donkeys
- 1932 ; 333'584 cattle, 842'345 sheep,1'480 camel, 6'675 donkeys.
The prevalence of cattle raiding amongst the youth and (or) also classified as warrior groups was reported as greater due to the availability of a market for their purchase, and by the encouragement of some authorities (according an unnamed observer) to obtain the cattle specifically for profit and especially for the benefit of so-called cattle warlords.
During the two decades beginning 1902 the British colonial administration collected taxes from the Pokot people. Also as a result of colonial influences trade in the county was improved.
It is an area of geothermal activity. Malaria and kala-azar is present within the county. The major topographical features in the district area river valleys and plains, the Tugen Hills, the floor of the Rift Valley and the northern plateau. One of the prominent river valleys is the Kerio valley. It is situated in the Western part of the district and is a fair flat plain. In the eastern part of the district near lakes Baringo and Bogoria is the Loboi plain covered mainly by the lacustrine salt-impregnated silt deposits. The Tugen Hills in the southwestern part of the district form a conspicuous topographical feature in the district. The altitude varies from 1000m to 2600m above sea level. The hills occur in a north-south direction and mainly consist of volcanic rocks. The hills have steep slopes dissected by gullies. On the eastern and western parts of the hills there are escarpments and rivers flowing down these hills pass through very deep gorges.
|Local authorities (councils)|
- Turkana County
- West Pokot County
- Trans Nzoia County
- Uasin Gishu County
- Elgeyo Marakwet County
- Laikipia County
- Nakuru County
- Kericho County
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- Map of the District
- Baring County