Baringo County

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Baringo County
Sunset over Lake Baringo, Baringo County, Kenya
Sunset over Lake Baringo, Baringo County, Kenya
Location of Baringo County (Green)
Location of Baringo County (Green)
Country  Kenya
Formed March 4th 2013
Capital Kabarnet
 • Governor Cheboi Chesire
 • Total 11,075.3 km2 (4,276.2 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 555,561[1]
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Baringo County is a county in midwestern Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Kabarnet. The county has a population of 555,561[1] (2009 census) and an area of 11,075.3 km2 (4,276.2 sq mi).

Baringo is one of the 47 Counties in Kenya. It borders Turkana to the North, Samburu and Laikipia to the East, Koibatek to the South, Keiyo Marakwet and West Pokot to the West. It covers an area of 8,655 square km, of which about 140.5 is covered by water surface. Baringo County lies between Latitudes 00 degrees 13" South and 1 degree 40" north and Longitudes 35 degrees 36" and 36" degrees 30" east.


The county is named after local Lake Baringo.

A game reserve was established in 1900.[2]

The British government was present within the countries boundaries as a colonial administration beginning during 1902.[3]

Archaeological studies[edit]

Results of excavations at Ngenyn were reported in 1983.[4]

Kipsaraman sites contained fossil finds are dated to be within 15.8 and 15.5 Ma, and is one of only a few from the middle Miocene within the entirety of Africa.[5][6][7] During 2000 the Kenyan Palaeontology Expedition announced the discovery of the remains of what was at the time considered likely a new hominid species, and was stated as the oldest hominid remains found, dated from the surrounding rock as six million years old.[8][9] The find was named Orrorin tugenensis (Senut et al 2001).[10] Later finds were made in the village of Rondinin in the Tugen Hills.[11] Archaeological remains were recovered from Kipsaramon within the Tugen Hills during 2002.[12]

Chimpanzee fossils reported as the earliest found were reported found in the Kapthurin formation in 2005.[13]


Daniel arap Moi was born in Baringo County during 1924[14] and the former Kenya president lives in Baringo County.

According to Bollig as a result of British colonising peaceful relations between tribes were improved.[3]

At a time nearing the independence of Kenya from colonial governance, the county became part of an amalgamated council including the Nakuru and Naivasha county councils.[15] Baringo County Governor is Benjamin Cheboi, and the Senator is Gideon Moi, from the 2013 March 4th elections.


Stats for Baringo County
Stats for the County (Percent)
Attending School (15-18 Yrs)
Paved Roads
Good Roads
Electricity Access
Poverty Rate

Stats for the County

Source: USAid Kenya


The principal spoken language is Kalenjin.[16] The main groups of Kalenjin peoples are the Tugen, Nandi, Terik, Elgeyo, Elkony, Sabaot, Marakwet and the Kipsigis.[17]

The primary residents are the Tugen. The Tugen is further divided into three; the Samor, the Arror and the Lembus. Pottery from the county found through archaeology is recognized as having a distinct style,[18] an occurrence understood as necessitated to strengthen tribal differentiation.[19]


Some of Kenya's famous runners come from the county, most notably Paul Tergat. Tergat started the Baringo Half Marathon in the area in 2004,[20] and it has been sponsored by Safaricom and featured athletes such as World Championship medallist Mubarak Hassan Shami.[21]

The Kituro athletics camp is located near to Kabarnet in the county.[22]


The county is estimated[23] to have had during

  • 1915 ; 178'814 cattle, 307'708 sheep
  • 1928 ; 190'968 cattle, 591'235 sheep, 736 camel, 6'673 donkeys
  • 1932 ; 333'584 cattle, 842'345 sheep,1'480 camel, 6'675 donkeys.

The Il Chamus farming area was changed from an efficient and productive grain-producing economy to being reliant on importing by competition from European settlers and other tribes.[24]

The prevalence of cattle raiding amongst the youth and (or) also classified as warrior groups was reported as greater due to the availability of a market for their purchase, and by the encouragement of some authorities (according an unnamed observer) to obtain the cattle specifically for profit and especially for the benefit of so-called cattle warlords.[3][25]

During the two decades beginning 1902 the British colonial administration collected taxes from the Pokot people. Also as a result of colonial influences trade in the county was improved.[3]


It is an area of geothermal activity. Malaria and kala-azar is present within the county.[26][27] The major topographical features in the district area river valleys and plains, the Tugen Hills, the floor of the Rift Valley and the northern plateau. One of the prominent river valleys is the Kerio valley. It is situated in the Western part of the district and is a fair flat plain. In the eastern part of the district near lakes Baringo and Bogoria is the Loboi plain covered mainly by the lacustrine salt-impregnated silt deposits. The Tugen Hills in the southwestern part of the district form a conspicuous topographical feature in the district. The altitude varies from 1000m to 2600m above sea level. The hills occur in a north-south direction and mainly consist of volcanic rocks. The hills have steep slopes dissected by gullies. On the eastern and western parts of the hills there are escarpments and rivers flowing down these hills pass through very deep gorges.


The county has five constituencies: Baringo Central, Baringo East, Baringo North, Eldama Ravine and Mogotio

Local authorities (councils)
Authority Type Population* Urban pop.*
Kabarnet Municipality 24,661 9,583
Baringo County 240,317 6,430
Total - 264,978 16,013
1999 census.[28]
Administrative divisions
Division Population* Urban pop.* Headquarters
Bartabwa 10,815 0 Bartabwa
Barwesa 9,568 0
Kabarnet 43,283 8,891 Kabarnet
Kabartonjo 33,470 748 Kabartonjo
Kipsaraman 18,427 0
Kollowa 14,990 0 Kollowa
Marigat 26,923 4,428 Marigat
Mochongoi 11,091 0
Mukutani 7,520 0 Mukutani
Nginyang 29,164 0 Nginyang
Sacho 11,856 0 Sacho
Salawa 8,258 0
Tangulbei 19,505 29 Tangulbei
Tenges 10,302 0 Tenges
Total 264,978 14,096 -
1999 census.[29][30]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ EI Steinhart - Black Poachers, White Hunters: A Social History of Hunting in Colonial Kenya James Currey Publishers, 2006 Retrieved 2009-07-08 ISBN 0852559607
  3. ^ a b c d M Bollig - Risk Management in a Hazardous Environment: A Comparative Study of Two Pastoral Societies (Volume 2 of Studies in Human Ecology And Adaptation) Birkhäuser, 2006 Retrieved 2009-07-08 ISBN 0387275819
  4. ^ Hivernel, F. (1983). "Excavations at Ngenyn (Baringo District, Kenya)". Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 18: 45. doi:10.1080/00672708309511314. 
  5. ^ Behrensmeyer, Anna K.; Deino, Alan L.; Hill, Andrew; Kingston, John D.; Saunders, Jeffrey J. (2002). "Geology and geochronology of the middle Miocene Kipsaramon site complex, Muruyur Beds, Tugen Hills, Kenya". Journal of Human Evolution 42 (1–2): 11–38. doi:10.1006/jhev.2001.0519. PMID 11795966. 
  6. ^ Winkler, Alisa J. (1992). "Systematics and Biogeography of Middle Miocene Rodents from the Muruyur Beds, Baringo District, Kenya". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 12 (2): 236–49. doi:10.1080/02724634.1992.10011453. JSTOR 4523444. 
  7. ^ B Wood - Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Human Evolution John Wiley & Sons, 21 Mar 2011 Retrieved 2009-07-08 ISBN 1444342460
  8. ^ A Wright, G Gynn - Left in the Dark, 30 Mar 2008 Retrieved 2009-07-08 ISBN 0955678404
  9. ^ BBC-4 December, 2000 Retrieved 2009-07-08 sourced originally in abc news report
  10. ^ Wood, Bernard; Lonergan, Nicholas (2008). "The hominin fossil record: Taxa, grades and clades". Journal of Anatomy 212 (4): 354–76. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00871.x. PMC 2409102. PMID 18380861. 
  11. ^ D Hussain - [1] MIT 2001 Retrieved 2009-07-08[self-published source?]
  12. ^ Kelley, Jay; Ward, Steve; Brown, Barbara; Hill, Andrew; Duren, Dana L. (2002). "Dental remains of Equatorius africanus from Kipsaraman, Tugen Hills, Baringo District, Kenya". Journal of Human Evolution 42 (1–2): 39–62. doi:10.1006/jhev.2001.0504. PMID 11795967. 
  13. ^ McBrearty, Sally; Jablonski, Nina G. (2005). "First fossil chimpanzee". Nature 437 (7055): 105–8. doi:10.1038/nature04008. PMID 16136135. 
  14. ^ TO Ranger - Evangelical Christianity And Democracy in Africa Oxford University Press, 22 Apr 2008 Retrieved 2012-07-08 ISBN 0195308026
  15. ^ B. E. Kipkorir, F Burkewood Welbourn - The Marakwet of Kenya: A Preliminary Study, Page 4 East African Publishers, 29 Dec 2008 Retrieved 2009-07-08 ISBN 996625532X
  16. ^ MR Lipschutz, R Kent Rasmussen - Dictionary of African Historical Biography University of California Press, 15 Jun 1989 Retrieved 2012-07-08 ISBN 0520066111
  17. ^ R Trillo, M (CON) Brown, A (CON) Trillo - The Rough Guide to Kenya Dorling Kindersley Ltd, 3 May 2010 Retrieved 2012-07-08 ISBN 1848361378
  18. ^ C Ehret, M Posnansky - The Archaeological and Linguistic Reconstruction of African History University of California Press, 1982 Retrieved 2009-07-08 ISBN 0520045939
  19. ^ F Curta - The Making of the Slavs: History and Archaeology of the Lower Danube Region, C. 500-700, Volume 20001 Cambridge University Press, 12 Jul 2001 Retrieved 2009-07-08 ISBN 0521802024
  20. ^ Kenyan New Year road races provide few surprises. IAAF (2004-01-05). Retrieved on 2009-12-23.
  21. ^ Macharia, David (2009-12-20). Teenager Ndiema surprises with Baringo Half Marathon victory. IAAF. Retrieved 2009-12-22
  22. ^ Retrieved 2012-07-09
  23. ^ W R Ochieng, R M Maxon - An Economic History of Kenya East African Publishers, 1992 Retrieved 2012-07-08 ISBN 996646963X
  24. ^ PD Little - The Elusive Granary: Herder, Farmer, and State in Northern Kenya Cambridge University Press, 28 Feb 1992 Retrieved 2012-07-08 ISBN 0521405521
  25. ^ D Eaton (A Burton, H Charton-Bigot eds.) - Generations Past: Youth in East African History Ohio University Press, 19 Oct 2010 Retrieved 2012-07-08 ISBN 0821419242
  26. ^ Munguti, KJ (1998). "Community perceptions and treatment seeking for malaria in Baringo district, Kenya: Implications for disease control". East African medical journal 75 (12): 687–91. PMID 10065206. 
  27. ^ Jahn, A; Lelmett, JM; Diesfeld, HJ (1986). "Seroepidemiological study on kala-azar in Baringo District, Kenya". The Journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 89 (2): 91–104. PMID 3021967. 
  28. ^[full citation needed]
  29. ^[full citation needed]
  30. ^[full citation needed]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 0°40′N 36°00′E / 0.667°N 36.000°E / 0.667; 36.000