|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008)|
|Nickname(s): চন্দ্রদ্বীপ (Chandradvipa),Venice of the East|
|Granted city status||2003|
|• Body||Barisal City Corporation|
|• City Mayor||Ahsan Habib Kamal|
|• Metropolitan city||45 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1 m (4 ft)|
|• Metropolitan city||272,169|
|• Density||10,524/km2 (27,260/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
|GDP (2005)||$00 billion|
|Website||Official Web Portal|
Barisal City (Bengali: বরিশাল Bariśāl) is an old port on the Kirtankhola river, on the northern shore of the Bay of Bengal in southern Bangladesh and it is 142 km (373 km by road) from the capital city Dhaka. It is now the headquarters of both the Barisal Division and the Barisal District. The city consists of 30 wards and 50 mahallas. The area of the town is 45 km². Barisal municipality was established in 1876 and was turned into a City Corporation on 25 july 2002. 
Barisal City has one police academy.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Religion
- 5 Education
- 6 Climate
- 7 Culture
- 8 Tourist attractions
- 9 Place of Interest
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Economy
- 12 Architecture
- 13 Sports
- 14 Noted Barisalese
- 15 Sister cities
- 16 See also
- 17 References
- 18 External links
Barisal was a semi-independent area in the Mughal period because of heavy fighting between them and Hindu chiefs, the last being Raja Nakuleswar Bose. In course of time, it fell under Bengal Nawabs and British India, later passed to Bangladesh.
The central city of this region is the city of Barisal. It is one of the biggest river ports in Bangladesh. It is a city with nearly 0.38 million people and a divisional headquarters, medical college, cadet college, some pharmaceutical industries, textile industries and the Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority's head office. Barisal is fast growing city of the country stands on the Kirtankhola River. Country's first short landing and take off airport has been completed in Barisal and a private Airlines named Air Bengal has begun its regular air flight between Dhaka Tejgaon Airport and Barisal.
Barisal District with an area of 2790.51 km2 is bounded by Madaripur, Shariatpur, Chandpur and Lakshmipur districts on the north, Patuakhali, Barguna and Jhalokati districts on the south, Bhola and Lakshmipur districts on the east, Jhalokati, Pirojpur and Gopalganj districts on the west. Barisal city occupies an area of 45 km2 (17 sq mi)
According to provisional results of the 2011 national census, the population of Barisal (areas under the jurisdiction of the Barisal city corporation) stands at 3,28,278.  By gender, the population was 51.63 male and 48.37 percent female.  The population growth rate of Barisal is -0.13%
The literacy rate among the urban people of Barisal is 75.3%. which is significantly higher than the national average of 56.5%.
Most of the people in Barisal are the Bengali people, as is the case in most of Bangladesh. The long-standing inhabitants of the city are known as Barisaliya and they have a distinctive dialect. Apart from them, the city population is composed of people from neighboring Upazilas and districts (Patuakhali, Bhola, Pirojpur, Jhalakati, Barguna, Madaripur).
There are four major languages spoken in Barisal and they are (i) Standard Bengali, which is the administrative language and thus mainly spoken in academia and offices; (ii) Barisali, which is commonly spoken by almost all the native peoples of Greater Barisal region (Barisal Division) It is considered as a dialect of Bengali, which does not contain a written form. iii) English, which is held in high esteem and is spoken by educated elite; and (iv) Marginalised Bengali, which is a cocktail language of Northern Bengali dialects spoken by migrant workers such as service holders, domestic servants, rickshaw peddlers and other menial labourers from different parts of Bangladesh living and working in Barisal.
The majority of Barisal's people are Muslims (89.30%), other religious groups include Hindus (9.7%), and very few numbers of other religions, mainly Christians (.98%) and Buddhists (0.01%) . The majority of the Muslims are mainly Sunni Islam Hanafi. 
Barisal has many renowned educational institutions. Govt. Brojomohan College is the oldest institution of higher education in the city, founded in 1889. There is a government medical college Sher e Bangla Medical College (SBMC), a public university University of Barisal and a textile engineering college Shahid Abdur Rab Serniabat Textile Engineering College. There are also some famous educational institutions like Barisal Cadet College, Govt. Syed Hatem Ali College, Govt. Barisal Women's College, Barisal Zilla School, Barisal Govt. Girls School, Barisal Model School and College etc. Besides these there are 03 teacher’s training college, 01 govt. polytechnic institute, 02 technical institute, 01 homeopathic college and 01 social welfare training centre. Barisal is under the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Barisal. This board varies the SSC and HSC standard.
Major institutions include:
- Brojomohun College
- Govt. Syed Hatem Ali College
- Barisal Govt. Women’s College
- Amrita Lal Dey College
- Barisal Cadet College
- Barisal Model School and College
- Government Barisal College
- Barisal Commercial College
- Tofazzol Hosain Manik Mia College
- Dr. Arifur Rahman Commerce College
- Kashipur High School & College
- Barisal Islamia College
- Barisal City College
- Mahanagar College
Textile Engineering Colleges:
- Barisal Govt. Polytechnic Institute
- Infra Polytechnic Institute
- BIIT Polytechnic Institute.
- Barisal Ideal Polytechnic Institute.
- Dynamic Polytechnic Institute
- Barisal Zilla School
- Barisal Govt. Girl's High School
- Udayan School
- Brojo Mohan School (BM School)
- Oxford Mission High School
- Baptist Mission High School
- Halima Khatun Girl's High School
- Adventis International Mission School (English Version)
- Jahanara Israil School (English Version)
- Technical Training Centre (T.T.C.)
- Barisal Mohila Technical Training Center
- Govt. Technical School & College
Teacher Training Institutes:
- Shaheed Abdur Rob Serniabat Teacher Training College
- Higher Secondary Teacher Training Institute
- Sagardi Primary Teacher Training Institute
Barisal has a tropical wet and dry climate.
|Climate data for Barisal|
|Average high °C (°F)||25
|Daily mean °C (°F)||19
|Average low °C (°F)||12
|Precipitation mm (inches)||8
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2||4||4||8||12||16||20||19||13||7||3||1||109|
Barisal is a center for the newspaper, periodical and book publishers. Some locally published newspapers and periodicals are:
- Bakerganj Parikrama
- Chirantan Bangla
- Gournadi Parikrama
Durgasagar: with an area of about 2,500 hectare, is the largest pond or dighi of southern Bangladesh. It is located at Madhabpasa village of babuganj upazila, about 11 km away from Barisal town. Locally it is known as Madhabpasha Dighi. According to a desire of Rani Durgavati, mother of Raja Joynarayan, the dighi was dug in 1780 (1187 BS). There are coconut trees around the dighi which together with the dighi are bounded by brick-walls. In the middle of the dighi, there is an island with bushes. Migratory birds usually come here during winter. The surrounding areas of the dighi has now been turned into a picnic spot. Madhabpasha was a capital of the kingdom of Chandradvipa.
Place of Interest
- Baitul Aman Jame Masjid Complex
- Oxford Mission Church
- Bell's Park aka Bangubandhu Udyan
- 30 Godown
- Planet Park
- Muktijoddha Park
- Narikel Bagan
- Lakhutia Zamindar Bari
- Korapur Miah Bari Masjid
- Shankar Math
- Town Hall
- Sher-e-Bangla Museum
- Bir Sreshtho Captain Mohiuddin Jahangir Library and Museum
- Jibananda Das Museum
- Dapdapia Bridge
- Bibir Pukur
- Poddo Pukur (Pond of Lotus)
There are two bus terminals in Barisal, Nathullabad Central Bus terminal and Rupatali Bus Terminal. Many Bus company connect Barisal to other districts. Some of them are...
- Sakura Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- Surovi Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
- Eagle Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
- Hanif Enterprise (Barisal-Dhaka)
- Ilish Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
- Sonertori Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
- Soudia Paribahan (Barisal-Chittagong)[AC/NON AC]
- Tuhin Paribahan (Barisal-Rajshahi)
- Padma Paribahan (Barisal-Rajshahi)
- Sagorika Paribahan (Barisal-Sylhet)
- BRTC (Barisal-Chapainawabganj)
- BRTC (Barisal-Rongpur,Bogra)
- BRTC (Barisal-Dhaka)
River is also a popular transport system with other district.The luxurious launch journey connects between the south and Dhaka city. It is one of the most enjoyable night journey ever you could get in your life. The launches are really royal, majestic and with pomp and pleasure. Some royal launches are:
- Sundarban 7
- Sundarban 8
- Surovi 6
- Surovi 7
- Surovi 8
- Parabat 2
- Parabat 7
- Parabat 9
- Parabat 11
- Kirtonkhola 1
- Kirtonkhola 2
- Kalam Khan
Barisal is a rice producing center of Bangladesh. Balam (a kind of baasmati) is the most popular rice in Barisal. It is also famous for Betel Leaf, a typical south Asian chewing item. As Barisal is surrounded by river so fish is plenty in there. A Bengali saying states, Dhan, nadi, khal ai tine Barisal, which translates to "paddy, river and canal are these three things that make Barisal".
Coconut is a common fruit as the city is located near the coast. Barisal is also known for its hog plum.
Exports: Fish, medicine,Empty Gelatine Capsules by Global Capsules Ltd. biri (local tobacco) by Amrita Biri as Karokor Biri Factory, AMRITA Food Branded all Spices, Sunflower oil, Atta, Maida,Bhutta powder-Suzi and handicrafts.
Barisal's buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any particular architectural style, and have been built over a long period of time.
Some well known heritage buildings are:
- Guthia Baitul Aman Jame Mashjid Complex
- Rammohan Samadhi Mandir
- Sujabad Kella
- Sangram Kella
- Sharkal Fort
- Girja Mahalla
- Bell's Park
- Ebadullah Mosque
- Kasai Mosque
- Oxford Church
- Shankar Math
- Kali Bari of Mukunda Das
- Joint Mosque at Bhatikhana
- Aswini kumar town hall
- Durgasagar Dighi
- one domed Mosque (Kasba)
- Fakir Bari Mosjid
- Housing Estate Jame Mosjid
Cricket and football are the two most popular sports in Barisal while while tennis, kabaddi are also popular. There is a national stadium in the city known as Barisal Divisional Stadium ( also known as Abdur Rab Serniabad Stadium ). It's a multi-purpose stadium and has a capacity of 15,000 spectators. It is currently used mostly for cricket matches. It is also used for football and other sports. Besides different organization share to stage a show there occasionally. Notable players from Barisal who have played for the national team include Sohag Gazi
- A.K. Fazlul Huq, an eminent Bengali nationalist,politician, (Mayor of kolkata (1935, first Muslim mayor of kolkata), Prime Minister of undivided Bengal (1937–1943) and of East Bengal (1954), Home Minister of Pakistan (1955) and Governor of East Pakistan (1956–1958)
- Abdul Gaffar Choudhury, Bangladeshi author and newspaper columnist, perhaps best known for his lyric Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano —which has become the main song commemorating the Language Movement, the touchy music having been composed by Shaheed Altaf Mahmud.
- Altaf Mahmud noted Bengali film song composer and one of the martyred intelligentsia in 1971.
- Major M. A. Jalil, the commander of the Sector 9 during Bangladesh War of Liberation in 1971.
- Mohiuddin Jahangir (Bir Shreshto) was a Captain in the Bangladesh Army during the 1971 Liberation War. The main gate of Dhaka Cantonment- "Shaheed Jahangir Gate" is named in his honour.
- Shaheed Abdur Rob Serniabat, Bengali Potitician
- Jibanananda Das, famous Bengali poet.
- Abu Zafar Obaidullah , poet, former agricultural minister of Bangladesh
- Sufia Kamal, poet
- Aswini Kumar Dutta, social reformer and philanthropist
- Aroj Ali Matubbar, noted Astronomer and Philosopher.
- Alhaj Syeda Jamila Saleh - Unsung Heroine, Philanthropist, Social Reformer, Founder of Women's School/College/Mosque/Madrasha
- Md.Tomij Uddin Mridha (Famous Pious person)
- Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri, physicist
- Anil Biswas (composer) noted Hindi and Bengali film song composer
- Kamini Roy, famous poet and first woman graduate with honours in the subcontinent.
- Ahsan Habib, poet and literary figure in Bengali culture
- Narayan Gangopadhyay, poet, educationist, writer
- Kadambini Ganguly, first female graduate and first female physician in the entire British empire
- Keshab Chandra Sengupta, born 24.11.1915, Freedom fighter, Member of Anushulani organisation, Member of Undivided CPI before Independence,arrested by British Administration and confined to his village, Nolchiti, Foira. He married Kalyani Sengupta, Freedom Fighter, Student of Bethun Collerge, Daughter of Pandit Narendra Nath Dassharma,Ex MP,.He was close associate of Biplabi Ganesh Ghosh and Niren Ghosh.
- Hanif Sanket, Famous TV presenter,entertainer, writer and producer.
- Dhirendranath Ganguly, one of the earliest film directors
- Jewel Aich, Famous Bangladeshi magician
- Mosharraf Karim actor
- Mir Sabbir actor
- Tania Ahmed actress
- Mithun Chakraborty, famous actor.
- Pannalal Ghosh renowned musician and flutist
- Partha Dasgupta, eminent economist.
- Parul Ghosh, Hindi and Bengali film singer
- Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi, ex-Minister of parliamentary affairs and information, India.
- Sohag Gazi, cricketer
- Surendra Nath Dutta - noted freedom fighter
- Swadesh Bose, a renowned Bangladeshi economist and organiser of the Liberation Wa
- Swadesh Ranjan Dutta - Bengali poet and pioneer to small stories in Bengali literature
- Tapan Raychaudhuri, noted historian.
- Utpal Dutt (29 March 1929 – 19 August 1993), was an Indian actor, director and writer-playwright
- Jyotirmoy Guhathakurta (Bengali: জ্যোতির্ময় গুহঠাকুরতা; July 10, 1920 – March 30, 1971), Educator, humanist and one of the martyred intellectuals during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
- Swami Machhindranath, popularly known as Minanatha and was an inhabitant of either Chandradwip (Barisal) or sandwip in Bengal.
- A Kader Chowdhury, Famous businessman and Founder of A Kader Chowdhury Primary School at Caonia, Barisal.
- Shawkat Hossain Hiron, potitician, former mayor of Barisal City Corporation, former MP of Bangladesh.
- Nibaran chandra Sen,noted teacher
- Dr.Surendranath Sen,famous homoeopath
- Dr.Biswanath Sengupta,renowned homoeopath
- Arundhati Devi,noted actress
- Animesh Kr Sengupta,educationist
Barisal is Sister cities with:
- "Speech of Mayor on Spacial Intarnational Working Conference". Chittagong City Corporation. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- ".: Barisal City Corporation :.". Barisal City Corporation. Retrieved 2014-09-19.
- "Statistical Pocket Book, 2008" (pdf). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-08-15.[dead link]
- Tapan Palit (2012). "Barisal City Corporation". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Population Census 2011 page 17". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2014-09-20.
- "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Region Census 2011 page 30". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2014-09-20.
- "..:: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics ::.. Region Census 2011 page 28". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2014-09-20.
- "Barisal, Bangladesh Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "পত্র-পত্রিকা-বরিশাল জেলা = 12 July 2014".
- "BKSP-Banglapedia". Retrieved 10 July 2014.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Barisal.|