Barisal

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This article is about the city. For the district, see Barisal District. For the division, see Barisal Division.
Barisal City
বরিশাল
Metropolitan city
Barisal
Barisal City.jpg
Nickname(s): চন্দ্রদ্বীপ (Chandradvipa),Venice of the East
Barisal City is located in Bangladesh
Barisal City
Barisal City
Location of Barisal in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 22°48′0″N 90°30′0″E / 22.80000°N 90.50000°E / 22.80000; 90.50000
Country  Bangladesh
Division Barisal Division
District Barisal District
Municipality Eshtablished 1957
City Corporation 2000
Granted city status 2003[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Barisal City Corporation
 • City Mayor Ahsan Habib Kamal
Area[2]
 • Metropolitan city 24.91 km2 (9.62 sq mi)
Elevation 1 m (4 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Metropolitan city 272,169
 • Density 10,524/km2 (27,260/sq mi)
 • Metro 385,093
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 8200
GDP (2005) $00 billion
Calling code 0431
Website Official Web Portal

Barisal City (Bengali: বরিশাল Bariśāl) is an old port on the Kirtankhola river, on the northern shore of the Bay of Bengal in southern Bangladesh and it is 142 km (373 km by road) from the capital city Dhaka. It is now the headquarters of both the Barisal Division and the Barisal District. The city consists of 30 wards and 50 mahallas. The area of the town is 24.91 km².[2] Barisal municipality was established in 1957 and was turned into a City Corporation in 2000.

Barisal City has one police academy.

History[edit]

Barisal was a semi-independent area in the Mughal period because of heavy fighting between them and Hindu chiefs, the last being Raja Nakuleswar Bose. In course of time, it fell under Bengal Nawabs and British India, later passed to Bangladesh.

The central city of this region is the city of Barisal. It is one of the biggest river ports in Bangladesh. It is a city with nearly 0.38 million people and a divisional headquarters, medical college, cadet college, some pharmaceutical industries, textile industries and the Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority's head office. Barisal is fast growing city of the country stands on the Kirtankhola River. Country's first short landing and take off airport has been completed in Barisal and a private Airlines named Air Bengal has begun its regular air flight between Dhaka Tejgaon Airport and Barisal.

The city is sometimes called the "Venice of the East" or the "Venice of Bengal".[4]

Geography[edit]

Barisal District with an area of 2790.51 km2 is bounded by Madaripur, Shariatpur, Chandpur and Lakshmipur districts on the north, Patuakhali, Barguna and Jhalokati districts on the south, Bhola and Lakshmipur districts on the east, Jhalokati, Pirojpur and Gopalganj districts on the west. Whereas the area of the town is 16.37 km2.

Demographics[edit]

Education[edit]

Barisal has many renowned educational institutions. Govt. Brojomohan College is the oldest institution of higher education in the city, founded in 1889. There is a government medical college Sher e Bangla Medical College (SBMC) , a public university University of Barisal and a textile engineering college Shahid Abdur Rab Serniabat Textile Engineering College. There are also some famous educational institutions like Barisal Cadet College, Govt. Syed Hatem Ali College, Govt. Barisal Women's College, Barisal Zilla School, Barisal Govt. Girls School, Barisal Model School and College etc. Besides these there is 01 teacher’s training college, 01 govt. polytechnic institute, 01 vocational institute, 01 homeopathic college and 01 social welfare training centre. Barisal is under the Barisal Education Board. This board varies the SSC and HSC standard.

Major institutions include:

Universities:

Medical Colleges:

Textile Engineering Colleges:

Colleges:

Polytechnic Institutes:

Schools:

  • Barisal Zilla School
  • Barisal Govt. Girl's High School
  • Udayan School
  • Oxford Mission High School
  • Baptist Mission High School
  • Halima Khatun Girl's High School
  • Adventis International Mission School (English Version)
  • Jahanara Israil School (English Version)

Technical Schools

  • Technical Training Institute (T.T.C.)
  • Women's Technical Training Institute
  • Govt. Technical School & College

Climate[edit]

Barisal has a tropical wet and dry climate.

Climate data for Barisal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
28
(82)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
28
(82)
26
(79)
29
(84)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19
(66)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
23
(73)
20
(68)
25
(77)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
15
(59)
20
(68)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
18
(64)
13
(55)
20
(68)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
18
(0.71)
38
(1.5)
97
(3.82)
209
(8.23)
417
(16.42)
428
(16.85)
368
(14.49)
305
(12.01)
189
(7.44)
40
(1.57)
11
(0.43)
2,127
(83.74)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2 4 4 8 12 16 20 19 13 7 3 1 109
Source: Weatherbase[5]

Culture[edit]

Media[edit]

Barisal is a center for the newspaper, periodical and book publishers. Some locally published newspapers and periodicals are:

Newspapers[edit]

  • Daily Ajker Barta
  • Daily Dakkhinanchal
  • Daily Shahnama
  • Daily Bhorer Alo
  • Daily Banglar Bone
  • Daily Ajker poribartan
  • Daily Barisal Protidin
  • Daily Motobad
  • Daily Satya Songbad
  • Daily Barisal Barta
  • Daily Bhorer Angikar
  • Daily Biplobi Bangladesh
  • Daily Barisal er Ajkal
  • Daily Ajker barisal

Source:[6]

Periodicals[edit]

  • weekly Lokabani
  • Bakerganj Parikrama
  • Chirantan Bangla
  • Upakul, periodicals Paira
  • the River
  • Etibriti
  • Khadem
  • Chirantan Bangla
  • Upakul
  • Samachar
  • Gournadi Parikrama

Online newspaper[edit]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Durgasagar: with an area of about 2,500 hectare, is the largest pond or dighi of southern Bangladesh. It is located at Madhabpasa village of babuganj upazila, about 11 km away from Barisal town. Locally it is known as Madhabpasha Dighi. According to a desire of Rani Durgavati, mother of Raja Joynarayan, the dighi was dug in 1780 (1187 BS). There are coconut trees around the dighi which together with the dighi are bounded by brick-walls. In the middle of the dighi, there is an island with bushes. Migratory birds usually come here during winter. The surrounding areas of the dighi has now been turned into a picnic spot. Madhabpasha was a capital of the kingdom of Chandradvipa.

Place of Interest[edit]

118 sadar road, Barisal City, Bangladesh.
Baitul Aman Mosque
  • Durgasagar
  • Baitul Aman Jame Masjid Complex
  • Oxford Mission Church
  • Bell's Park aka Bangubandhu Udyan
  • 30 Godown
  • Planet Park
  • Muktijoddha Park
  • Narikel Bagan
  • Lakhutia Zamindar Bari
  • Korapur Miah Bari Masjid
  • Shankar Math
  • Town Hall
  • Sher-e-Bangla Museum
  • Bir Sreshtho Captain Mohiuddin Jahangir Library and Museum
  • Jibananda Das Museum
  • Dapdapia Bridge
  • Bibir Pukur
  • Poddo Pukur (Pond of Lotus)

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Barisal airport is not an international airport. Only Bangladesh Biman and united airways use this port. Active routes are Barisal-Dhaka and Barisal-Chittagong.

Buses[edit]

There are two bus terminals in Barisal, Nathullabad Central Bus terminal and Rupatali Bus Terminal. Many Bus company connect Barisal to other districts. Some of them are...

  • Sakura Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
  • Surovi Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
  • Eagle Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
  • Hanif Enterprise (Barisal-Dhaka)
  • Ilish Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
  • Sonertori Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
  • Soudia Paribahan (Barisal-Chittagong)[AC/NON AC]
  • Tuhin Paribahan (Barisal-Rajshahi)
  • Padma Paribahan (Barisal-Rajshahi)
  • Sagorika Paribahan (Barisal-Sylhet)
  • BRTC (Barisal-Chapainawabganj)
  • BRTC (Barisal-Rongpur,Bogra)
  • BRTC (Barisal-Dhaka)

River port[edit]

River is also a popular transport system with other district.The luxurious launch journey connects between the south and Dhaka city. It is one of the most enjoyable night journey ever you could get in your life. The launches are really royal, majestic and with pomp and pleasure. Some royal launches are:

  • Sundarban 7
  • Sundarban 8
  • Surovi 6
  • Surovi 7
  • Surovi 8
  • Parabat 2
  • Parabat 7
  • Parabat 9
  • Parabat 11
  • Kirtonkhola 1
  • Kirtonkhola 2
  • Kalam Khan
  • Dipraj

Economy[edit]

Barisal is a rice producing center of Bangladesh. Balam (a kind of baasmati) is the most popular rice in Barisal. It is also famous for Betel Leaf, a typical south Asian chewing item. As Barisal is surrounded by river so fish is plenty in there. A Bengali saying states, Dhan, nadi, khal ai tine Barisal, which translates to "paddy, river and canal are these three things that make Barisal".

Coconut is a common fruit as the city is located near the coast. Barisal is also known for its hog plum.

Exports: Fish, medicine,Empty Gelatine Capsules by Global Capsules Ltd. biri (local tobacco) by Amrita Biri as Karokor Biri Factory, AMRITA Food Branded all Spices, Sunflower oil, Atta, Maida,Bhutta powder-Suzi and handicrafts.

Architecture[edit]

Barisal's buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any particular architectural style, and have been built over a long period of time.

Some well known heritage buildings are:

  • Guthia Baitul Aman Jame Mashjid Complex
  • Rammohan Samadhi Mandir
  • Sujabad Kella
  • Sangram Kella
  • Sharkal Fort
  • Girja Mahalla
  • Bell's Park
  • Ebadullah Mosque
  • Kasai Mosque
  • Oxford Church
  • Shankar Math
  • Kali Bari of Mukunda Das
  • Joint Mosque at Bhatikhana
  • Aswini kumar town hall
  • Charkella
  • Durgasagar Dighi
  • one domed Mosque (Kasba)
  • Fakir Bari Mosjid
  • Housing Estate Jame Mosjid

Sports[edit]

Barisal Divisional Stadium

Cricket and football are the two most popular sports in Barisal while while tennis, kabaddi are also popular. There is a national stadium in the city known as Barisal Divisional Stadium ( also known as Abdur Rab Serniabad Stadium ). It's a multi-purpose stadium and has a capacity of 15,000 spectators. It is currently used mostly for cricket matches. It is also used for football and other sports. Besides different organization share to stage a show there occasionally. Notable players from Barisal who have played for the national team include Sohag Gazi

There is a regional sports training center under BKSP situated at Rahamatpur in Barisal[6]

Barisal is also home to the Bangladesh Premier League franchise Barisal Burners.

Noted Barisalese[edit]

  • Altaf Mahmud noted Bengali film song composer and one of the martyred intelligentsia in 1971.
  • Major M. A. Jalil, the commander of the Sector 9 during Bangladesh War of Liberation in 1971.
  • Mohiuddin Jahangir (Bir Shreshto) was a Captain in the Bangladesh Army during the 1971 Liberation War. The main gate of Dhaka Cantonment- "Shaheed Jahangir Gate" is named in his honour.
  • Shaheed Abdur Rob Serniabat, Bengali Potitician
  • Alhaj Syeda Jamila Saleh - Unsung Heroine, Philanthropist, Social Reformer, Founder of Women's School/College/Mosque/Madrasha
  • Md.Tomij Uddin Mridha (Famous Pious person)
  • Kamini Roy, famous poet and first woman graduate with honours in the subcontinent.
  • Kadambini Ganguly, first female graduate and first female physician in the entire British empire
  • Keshab Chandra Sengupta, born 24.11.1915, Freedom fighter, Member of Anushulani organisation, Member of Undivided CPI before Independence,arrested by British Administration and confined to his village, Nolchiti, Foira. He married Kalyani Sengupta, Freedom Fighter, Student of Bethun Collerge, Daughter of Pandit Narendra Nath Dassharma,Ex MP,.He was close associate of Biplabi Ganesh Ghosh and Niren Ghosh.
  • Hanif Sanket, Famous TV presenter,entertainer, writer and producer.
  • Surendra Nath Dutta - noted freedom fighter
  • Swadesh Ranjan Dutta - Bengali poet and pioneer to small stories in Bengali literature
  • Utpal Dutt (29 March 1929 – 19 August 1993), was an Indian actor, director and writer-playwright
  • Swami Machhindranath, popularly known as Minanatha and was an inhabitant of either Chandradwip (Barisal) or sandwip in Bengal.
  • A Kader Chowdhury, Famous businessman and Founder of A Kader Chowdhury Primary School at Caonia, Barisal.
  • Shawkat Hossain Hiron, potitician, former mayor of Barisal City Corporation, former MP of Bangladesh.
  • Nibaran chandra Sen,noted teacher
  • Dr.Surendranath Sen,famous homoeopath
  • Dr.Biswanath Sengupta,renowned homoeopath
  • Arundhati Devi,noted actress
  • Animesh Kr Sengupta,educationist
  • Narayan gangopadhay,educationist,literatuer

Sister cities[edit]

Barisal is Sister cities with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Speech of Mayor on Spacial Intarnational Working Conference". Chittagong City Corporation. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b Tapan Palit (2012). "Barisal City Corporation". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  3. ^ "Statistical Pocket Book, 2008" (pdf). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-08-15. [dead link]
  4. ^ Thedailystar.net
  5. ^ "Barisal, Bangladesh Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "পত্র-পত্রিকা-বরিশাল জেলা = 12 July 2014". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°42′N 90°22′E / 22.700°N 90.367°E / 22.700; 90.367