Barisal

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Barisal City
বরিশাল
Metropolitan city
Barisal
Barisal City.jpg
Nickname(s): Chandradvipa,Venice of the East
Barisal City is located in Bangladesh
Barisal City
Barisal City
Location of Barisal in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 22°48′0″N 90°30′0″E / 22.80000°N 90.50000°E / 22.80000; 90.50000
Country  Bangladesh
Division Barisal Division
District Barisal District
Municipality Eshtablished 1957
City Corporation 2000
Granted city status 2003[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Barisal City Corporation
 • City Mayor Shawkat Hossain Hiron
Area[2]
 • Metropolitan city 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 1 m (4 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Metropolitan city 272,169
 • Density 10,524/km2 (27,260/sq mi)
 • Metro 385,093
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 8200
GDP (2005) $00 billion
Calling code 0431
Website Official Web Portal

Barisal City (Bengali: বরিশাল Bariśāl) is an old port on the Kirtankhola, former Ariel Khan on the northern shore of the Bay of Bengal in southern Bangladesh and it is 142 km (373 km by road) from capital city Dhaka. It is now the headquarters of both the Barisal Division and the Barisal District. The city consists of 30 wards and 50 mahallas. The area of the town is 20 km².[4] Barisal municipality was established in 1957 and was turned into a City Corporation in 2000.

Barisal City has one police academy.

History[edit]

Barisal was a semi-independent area in the Mughal period because of heavy fighting between them and Hindu chiefs. In course of time, it fell under Bengal Nawabs and British India, later passed to Bangladesh.

Following the partition of India in 1947, the area of Bangladesh became a province of Pakistan, initially known as East Bengal, and then, from 1955, as East Pakistan. The people of East Pakistan Province declared their independence as the nation of Bangladesh on March 26, 1971, while fighting a savage war against the central Pakistani government. The separation from Pakistan took place, with extensive aid from India, on December 16, 1971 as a result of the third Indo-Pakistan War. Bangladesh was soon recognized by most other nations, although Pakistan withheld diplomatic recognition until 1974 and China did not recognize the nation until 1976. Bangladesh was admitted to the United Nations in 1974.

The central city of this region is the city of Barisal. It is one of the biggest river ports in Bangladesh. It is a city with nearly 0.38 million people and a divisional headquarters, medical college, cadet college, some pharmaceutical industries, textile industries and the Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority's head office. Barisal is fast growing city of the country stands on the Kirtankhola River. Country's first short landing and take off airport has been completed in Barisal and a private Airlines named Air Bengal has begun its regular air flight between Dhaka Tejgaon Airport and Barisal.

The city is sometimes called the "Venice of the East" or the "Venice of Bengal".[5]

Geography[edit]

Barisal District with an area of 2790.51 km2 is bounded by Madaripur, Shariatpur, Chandpur and Lakshmipur districts on the north, Patuakhali, Barguna and Jhalokati districts on the south, Bhola and Lakshmipur districts on the east, Jhalokati, Pirojpur and Gopalganj districts on the west. Whereas the area of the town is 16.37 km2.

Climate[edit]

Barisal has a tropical monsoon-type climate, with a hot and rainy summer and a dry winter. January is the coolest month with temperatures averaging near 26 deg C (78 d F) and April the warmest with temperatures from 33 to 36 deg C (91 to 96 deg F). The climate is one of the wettest in the world. Most places receive more than 1,525 mm of rain a year, and areas near the hills receive 5,080 mm ). Most rains occur during the monsoon (June–September) and little in winter (November–February).
Bangladesh is subject to devastating cyclones, originating over the Bay of Bengal, in the periods of April to May and September to November. Often accompanied by surging waves, these storms can cause great damage and loss of life. The cyclone of November 1970, in which about 500,000 lives were lost in Bangladesh, was one of the worst natural disasters of the country in the 20th century.
Bangladesh has warm temperatures throughout the year, with relatively little variation from month to month. January tends to be the coolest month and May the warmest. In Dhaka the average January temperature is about 19°C (about 66°F), and the average May temperature is about 29°C (about 84°F).
Required clothing: Lightweight cottons and linens throughout the year. Warmer clothes are needed in the evenings during the cool season. Waterproofs are necessary during the monsoon season.

Demography[edit]

According to an estimate of 2008 Barisal has a population of 210,374; male 53.28%, female 46.72%. Literacy rate among the town people is 85%. Main occupations are Agriculture 35.28%, agricultural labourer 18.76%, wage labourer 4.16%, commerce 13.89%, service 10.64%, fishing 3.45%, construction 1.25%, transport 1.72% and others 10.85%.Here population growth rate is 1.41%.

Religion[edit]

The majority of the people of Barisal (90.64 per cent) identify themselves as Muslims.This is followed by those of Hindus (8.38 per cent) and Christians (0.98 per cent).There are about 3,941 Mosques, 805 temples, 44 churches and 5 tombs.

Education[edit]

  • Government College-18
  • Barisal University.
  • Cadet College-1
  • Polytechnic Institute-8
  • Barisal Polytechnic Institute
  • Abdur Rob Sreaniabad Textile College.
  • Infra Polytechnic Institute.
  • Model Polytechnic Institute.
  • Barisal Ideal Polytechnic Institute.
  • United Polytechnic Institute.
  • BIIT Polytechnic Institute.
  • Technocrats Polytechnic Institute.
  • Sher -E - Bangla Medical College
  • Dr. Arifur Rahman Commerce College

Culture[edit]

Media[edit]

Barisal is a center for the newspaper, periodical and book publishers. Some locally published newspapers and periodicals are:

Newspapers[edit]

  • Shahnama
  • The Daily Barisal Protidin
  • Probashi
  • Gram Samachar
  • Ajker Barta
  • Rupantar Sathi
  • Saikot Barta
  • Darpan
  • Dipanchal
  • Ajker Kantha
  • Ajker poribartan
  • Matodad
  • Dokkhinchol
  • barisal er ajkal

Periodicals[edit]

  • weekly Lokabani
  • Bakerganj Parikrama
  • Chirantan Bangla
  • Upakul, periodicals Paira
  • the River
  • Etibriti
  • Khadem
  • Chirantan Bangla
  • Upakul
  • Samachar
  • Gournadi Parikrama

Online newspaper[edit]

  • Amader Barisal
  • Barisal24 (www.barisal24.com)

Tourist attractions[edit]

Durgasagar: with an area of about 2,500 hectare, is the largest pond or dighi of southern Bangladesh. It is located at Madhabpasa village of babuganj upazila, about 11 km away from Barisal town. Locally it is known as Madhabpasha Dighi. According to a desire of Rani Durgavati, mother of Raja Joynarayan, the dighi was dug in 1780 (1187 BS). There are coconut trees around the dighi which together with the dighi are bounded by brick-walls. In the middle of the dighi, there is an island with bushes. Migratory birds usually come here during winter. The surrounding areas of the dighi has now been turned into a picnic spot. Madhabpasha was a capital of the kingdom of Chandradvipa.

Transportation[edit]

Hotel[edit]

Air[edit]

Barisal airport is not an international airport. Only Bangladesh Biman and united airways use this port. Active routes are Barisal-Dhaka and Barisal-Chittagong.

Buses[edit]

Many Bus company connect Barisal to other districts. Some of them are...

  • Sakura Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
  • Surovi Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)[AC/NON AC]
  • Eagle Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
  • Hanif Enterprise (Barisal-Dhaka)
  • Ilish Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
  • Sonertori Paribahan (Barisal-Dhaka)
  • Soudia Paribahan (Barisal-Chittagong)[AC/NON AC]
  • Tuhin Paribahan (Barisal-Rajshahi)
  • Padma Paribahan (Barisal-Rajshahi)
  • Sagorika Paribahan (Barisal-Sylhet)
  • BRTC (Barisal-Chapainawabganj)
  • BRTC (Barisal-Rongpur,Bogra)
  • BRTC (Barisal-Dhaka)

River port[edit]

River is also a popular transport system with other district.The luxurious launch journey connects between the south and Dhaka city. It is one of the most enjoyable night journey ever you could get in your life. The launches are really royal, majestic and with pomp and pleasure. Some royal launches are:

  • Sundarban 7
  • Sundarban 8
  • Surovi 6
  • Surovi 7
  • Surovi 8
  • Parabat 2
  • Parabat 7
  • Parabat 9
  • Parabat 11
  • Kirtonkhola 1
  • Kirtonkhola 2
  • Kalam Khan
  • Dipraj

Economy[edit]

Barisal is a rice producing center of Bangladesh. Balam (a kind of baasmati) is the most popular rice in Barisal. It is also famous for Betel Leaf, a typical south Asian chewing item. As Barisal is surrounded by river so fish is plenty in there. A Bangla saying states, Dhan, nadi, khal ai tine Barisal, which translates to "paddy, river and canal are these three things that make Barisal".

Coconut is a common fruit as the city is located near the coast. Barisal is also known for its hog plum.

Exports: Fish, medicine,Empty Gelatine Capsules by Global Capsules Ltd. biri (local tobacco) by Amrita Biri as Karokor Biri Factory, AMRITA Food Branded all Spices, Sunflower oil, Atta, Maida,Bhutta powder-Suzi and handicrafts.

Architecture[edit]

Barisal's buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any particular architectural style, and have been built over a long period of time.

Some well known heritage buildings are:

  • Rammohan Samadhi Mandir
  • Sujabad Kella
  • Sangram Kella
  • Sharkal Fort
  • Girja Mahalla
  • Bell's Park
  • Ebadullah Mosque
  • Kasai Mosque
  • Oxford Church
  • Shankar Math
  • Kali Bari of Mukunda Das
  • Joint Mosque at Bhatikhana
  • Aswini kumar town hall
  • Charkella
  • Durgasagar Dighi
  • one domed Mosque (Kasba)
  • Fakir Bari Mosjid

Sister cities[edit]

Barisal is Sister cities with:

Noted Barisailese[edit]

  • Jahar Roy,actor
  • Nibaran chandra Sen,noted teacher
  • Dr.Surendranath Sen,famous homoeopath
  • Dr.Biswanath Sengupta,renowned homoeopath
  • Arundhati Devi,noted actress
  • Animesh Kr Sengupta,educationist
  • Narayan gangopadhay,educationist,literatuer
  • Rahul,RahmAN,

See also[edit]

  • Barisal District
  • Barisal Division
  • Dr.Surendranath Sen,renowned Homoeopath
  • Dr.Biswanath Sengupta,renowned Homeopath
  • Arundhati Devi,actress
  • Narayan gangopadhay,educationist,literatuer
  • Mossarraf Karim (actor)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Speech of Mayor on Spacial Intarnational Working Conference". Chittagong City Corporation. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  2. ^ "Area, Population and Literacy Rate by Paurashava –2001". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-09-18. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Statistical Pocket Book, 2008" (pdf). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-08-15. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Area, Population and Literacy Rate by Paurashava –2001". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-08-19. [dead link]
  5. ^ Thedailystar.net

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°42′N 90°22′E / 22.700°N 90.367°E / 22.700; 90.367