Barja

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Barja Al Chouf
برجا الشوف
Town
Map showing the location of Barja within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Barja within Lebanon
Barja Al Chouf
Barja Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°38′59″N 35°26′36″E / 33.649722°N 35.443333°E / 33.649722; 35.443333Coordinates: 33°38′59″N 35°26′36″E / 33.649722°N 35.443333°E / 33.649722; 35.443333
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Mount Lebanon Governorate
District Chouf District
Area
 • Total 7.30 km2 (2.82 sq mi)
Elevation 310 m (1,020 ft)
Population
 • Total 31,500
 • Density 4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
  Muslim Sunnite (100%)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961 7 (623) (920) (921)
Website www.barjaonline.com

Barja ( برجا ) is a coastal town in the Chouf District of Lebanon within the Mount Lebanon Governorate. With a population of around 31,500 people(2012), Barja lies 32 kilometers south of Beirut; at the midway point between the capital and Sidon. The town covers an area of 729 hectares and its highest point above sea level is documented at 310 meters.

Sport[edit]

Abdelghany Ramadan or known as "Boudy Ramadan" in England comes from Barja he is the first ever Lebanese Football player in the premier league currently playing with Manchester City. The barja native remains eligible to represent Lebanon something he would address once he finishes his studies in England. AbdelGhany Ramadan is a big name in Barja, many describe him as an inspiration to young kids.Barja has ever since become more known in Lebanon because of its talents like the singer Saad Ramadan and now Abdelghany Ramadan both share family relationships in coincidence . Many describe them two as the pride of Barja right now. The reason for that is because the popularity these two names have gained in Lebanon. When it comes to sport in Lebanon and Football, they will remember the Barja native when it comes to music they will will remember Saad Ramadan also for his music he produces.

History[edit]

The name Barja is originally derived from the ancient Greek word 'Taparchia', which means 'cultural center', and the Syriac word 'Burgas', which means 'a series of hills overlooking the sea'.[citation needed] A person from Barja is typically called 'Barjawi' by fellow Lebanese.

Built during the middle of the 20th century, Barja was renowned for its fertile soil, spring waters, limestone and gravel resources, as well as its strategic location along the coast of Lebanon. Early economic activities included fishing, farming, and light textile manufacturing.

During the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990), hundreds of young men and women immigrated from Barja to various countries such as Australia, Brazil, the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, contributing to the Lebanese diaspora. With the strong support of scholarships from the Rafic Hariri Foundation, these Barja youth were able to pursue higher education and doctoral degrees from a variety of overseas universities.

Weather and Climate[edit]

Barja enjoys mild Mediterranean climate during summer and winter seasons, as average temperatures vary between 11 - 27°C. The town is home to pine groves, olive tree orchards, and a variety of outdoor recreational areas.

Much of the town was destroyed during a devastating earthquake that shook the Chouf District in 1956. However, over the past 50 years the remains of the earthquake have been gradually concealed beneath a layer of modern building development.

Barja Today[edit]

The town features antique houses originally built near fresh spring waters that demonstrate traditional architecture. The high street, Al-Ain Avenue, is located between three large hills and overlooks the Mediterranean Sea. It hosts a traditional Souk called 'Zak Zouk', several local restaurants, a popular barber called 'Mounib', and commercial shopping facilities.

Since the turn of the millennium, Barja has experienced rapid westernization. The introduction of telecommunication services such as the internet, mobile phones, and television has contributed to an overall development in the social and economic welfare of locals. The new generation have embraced modern lifestyles and experience new methods of entertainment such as going to cinemas, listening to western music and playing video games.

As public transportation and mass transit become more abundant, locals are commuting to the capital city Beirut in search for job opportunities. Most Barja residents who live in the capital city return to their hometowns during weekends. However, the rising costs of food and fuel remain a major barrier against the economic growth and development of Barja locals.