Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County

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Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County
باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى
باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
巴里坤哈萨克自治县
Autonomous County
Location of Barkol within Xinjiang (China).png
Country China
Province Xinjiang
Prefecture-level divisions Hami Prefecture
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Barkol Lake and Barkol, astronaut photograph from ISS

Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County (Chinese: 巴里坤哈萨克自治县; pinyin: Bālǐkūn Hāsàkèzú Zìzhìxiàn; Uyghur: باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى‎, ULY: Barköl Qazaq Aptonom Nahiyisi, UYY: Barkɵl K̡azak̡ Aptonom Nah̡iyisi?, (Kazakh: باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى Barköl Qazaq awtonomïyalıq awdanı)

It is a part of Kumul Prefecture in Xinjiang in the People's Republic of China.

It has an area of 38,445.3 km².

In the north it borders Mongolia, in the south the city of Kumul and in the west the Mori Kazakh Autonomous County of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture.

It was made an autonomous county on October 1, 1954.

Barköl is famous for its camel and horse breeding. The Barköl horse is famous throughout China. Also, due to the large number of camels, which is unparalleled in China, the county carries the nickname of the "county of ten thousand camels".

Ethnic groups in Barkol, 2000 census[edit]

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 55,169 64.18%
Kazakh 29,236 34.01%
Mongol 1,173 1.36%
Hui 164 0.19%
Uyghur 134 0.16%
Manchu 26 0.03%
Tatar 22 0.03%
Russian 11 0.01%
Yi 9 0.01%
Others 20 0.02%

Barkol Lake[edit]

Barkol Lake is an alkali lake in a closed basin. Current rainfall averages 210 millimeters (8 inches), while the annual evaporation rate is 2,250 millimeters (89 inches). Ancient shorelines show up as concentric rings on the astronaut photo at right, indicating that water levels have varied many times in the past. One study identified five climates at Barkol Lake over the past 8,000 years, ranging from warm and wet to cold and wet and finally cold and dry at present. The average annual temperature in the area is now just 1° Celsius (34° F), though temperatures swing from extreme highs (33.5° C or 92.3° F) to extreme lows (-43.6° C or -46.5° F). [1]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 43°36′N 93°01′E / 43.600°N 93.017°E / 43.600; 93.017