Viking (barque)

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Viking under the Danish flag, between 1906 and 1929
Viking under the Danish flag, between 1906 and 1929
Career (Denmark Finland Sweden)
Name: Viking
Owner:
Builder: Burmeister & Wain, Copenhagen, Denmark
Cost: DKK 591,000
Launched: 1 December 1906
Maiden voyage: 19 July 1907
In service: 1907
Out of service: 1950
Identification: IMO: 5618148
Status: Floating hotel[2]
General characteristics
Type: Barque
Tonnage: 2,959 GRT
2,665 NT
Displacement: ~6,300 t (6,201 long tons; 6,945 short tons)
Length:
  • 118 m (387 ft 2 in) (o/a with bowsprit)
  • 106 m (347 ft 9 in) (o/a without bowsprit)
  • 97 m (318 ft 3 in) (deck)
  • 87 m (285 ft 5 in) (p/p)
Beam: 13.9 m (45 ft 7 in)
Height: 55.5 m (182 ft 1 in) (foremast above deck)
Draught: 7.33 m (24 ft 1 in)
Depth of hold: 8.1 m (26 ft 7 in)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Sail area 3,690 m2 (39,700 sq ft)
Speed: 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph)
Capacity:
Notes: Anchor weight : 3 t (3 long tons; 3 short tons) each

The Viking (better known by the ship type as a prefix, Barken Viking) is a four-masted steel barque, built in 1906 by Burmeister & Wain in Copenhagen, Denmark. She is reported to be the biggest sailing ship ever built in Scandinavia.

Ship history[edit]

Viking was originally built as a sail training ship for the rapidly growing Danish merchant fleet. At that time, seaworthiness and cargo capacity were given top priority. One day in July 1909, while carrying a full cargo of wheat from Australia, Captain Niels Clausen recorded a speed record in the ship's log: 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph).

On 25 February 1917, she was sighted and boarded by the German commerce raider Seeadler. Unusually, the Germans then allowed her to proceed because being Danish, she was a neutral ship. This was something of a lucky escape, because within weeks Germany would return to unrestricted marine warfare, a tactic that would have meant sinking her.

In 1929 she was registered under the Finnish flag, and joined the Åland-based Erikson fleet of tall ships. She was part of Erikson's fleet until 1950. She was about to be scrapped in the late 1940s, but was eventually saved by the Swedish government in 1950 and moored in Gothenburg. Because of the low bridges that separate the tall ship from the open sea, it is unlikely she ever will sail the open seas again.

She participated in several of the Great Grain Races from Victoria, Australia to Falmouth, Cornwall. Barken Viking won the Grain Race of 1948. David James was an apprentice on her voyage around the world in 1937-38, which is described in his biography. [3]

Four-masted "Barque Viking" at Gothenburg harbour in 2005

There are only ten four-masted barques and one four-masted full-rigged ship (the Falls of Clyde) in existence, and only five of these still sail (Sedov, Kruzenshtern, Sea Cloud I, Nippon Maru II, Kaiwo Maru II). A few more are still afloat and berthed in various harbors (Peking (New York City), Moshulu (Philadelphia), Passat (Lübeck, Germany), Pommern (Mariehamn, Finland), Nippon Maru (Yokohama, Japan), and Viking).

Viking came to Göteborg, Sweden permanently in 1950, as a home for various shipping organizations, and later became a school of seamanship. Today she is moored in the Göteborg guest harbor as hotel "Barken Viking". The owner is ESS Hotell AB.

Finnish artist Lena Ringbom-Lindén, one of few females on board a ship at that time, sailed on Viking on one of her voyages to Australia. She wrote of her experience in two books, Flicka på skepp ("Girl on Ship") and Skeppet och Lena ("Lena and The Ship").

Cargoes[edit]

The Viking's cargos:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bruzelius, Lars (1996). "Sailing Ships: 'Viking' (1907)". bruzelius.info. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Hotell Barken Viking". barkenviking.com. 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Robson, J.,(1998, One Man in his Time.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°42′45″N 11°57′56″E / 57.712389°N 11.965472°E / 57.712389; 11.965472