Barking (UK Parliament constituency)

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Barking
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Barking in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 74,027 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Barking and Becontree
Current constituency
Created 1945
Member of Parliament Margaret Hodge (Labour)
Created from Romford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Barking is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1994 by Margaret Hodge of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Barking covers the western two-thirds of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, in overall terms forming a mid-south portion of east London; its economy is diverse from major retail and manufacturing to its power station, with some commuting, particularly in its growing minority of expensive neighbourhoods. Ford Dagenham has lost its assembly workforce but expanded its diesel engine production workforce. The plant is split between this and the neighbouring constituency.

Barking's side-by-side twin nature reserves have grassland and bird habitat by a bend of the River Thames and are somewhat incongruously next to a disused and operational power plant for the industrial works in the east of its modest-length riverside. A large majority of its homes are north of the largely three-lane A13 (within Greater London). The constituency has benefited from the Summer Olympics 2012 in London and its districts include a larger than average proportion of social housing and earners on low incomes.[2] The area has elected Labour MPs since its creation in 1945, usually with strong majorities. Bucking the national trend, the incumbent MP for that party, Margaret Hodge, almost doubled her majority at the General Election in 2010.

Boundaries[edit]

Barking in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945 to 1950.

1945-1974: The Municipal Borough of Barking.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Barking wards of Abbey, Cambell, Gascoigne, Longbridge and Manor.

1983-1997: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes and Thames.

1997-2010: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Becontree, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes and Thames.

2010-: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Alibon, Becontree, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Mayesbrook, Parsloes, Thames, and Valence.[3]

After latest boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation the Boundary Commission for England recommended that the wards of Alibon, Parsloes and Valence be transferred from the old Dagenham constituency to Barking, and that following a review of ward boundaries a small part of River ward be transferred from Barking to help form the new Dagenham and Rainham constituency. These boundaries were first contested for the UK general election, 2010.

British National Party challenge[edit]

The rise in support for the British National Party since the turn of the 21st century saw the party attain 17% of the vote at the 2005 general election. Party members and supporters were optimistic that the party would soon make the breakthrough into UK parliament, and party leader Nick Griffin stood in Barking for the 2010 general election. However, his performance in Barking was poor as he polled 14.8% of the vote and Margaret Hodge retained the seat with more than half of the vote.[4] During the run-up to the 2010 election, filmmaker Laura Fairrie had access to the British National Party and Labour Party campaigns and later produced a documentary The Battle for Barking, which was premiered on More 4 on 30 November 2010.[5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1945 Somerville Hastings Labour
1959 Tom Driberg Labour
Feb 1974 Jo Richardson Labour
1994 by-election Margaret Hodge Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Margaret Hodge
Conservative Mina Rahman
General Election 2010: Barking[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Margaret Hodge 24,628 54.3 +4.7
Conservative Simon Marcus 8,073 17.8 +1.2
BNP Nick Griffin 6,620 14.8 −1.7
Liberal Democrat Dominic Carman 3,719 8.2 −2.6
UKIP Frank Maloney 1,300 2.9 −0.6
Christian George Hargreaves 482 1.1 N/A
Green Jayne Forbes 317 0.7 −1.0
Monster Raving Loony Crucial Chris Dowling 82 0.2 N/A
Independent Thomas Darwood 77 0.2 N/A
Restoration Party Dapo Sijuwola 45 0.1 N/A
Majority 16,555 36.5
Turnout 44,343 61.4 +13.2
Labour hold Swing +1.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Margaret Hodge 13,826 47.8 -13.1
Conservative Keith Prince 4,943 17.1 -5.9
BNP Richard Barnbrook 4,916 16.9 +10.6
Liberal Democrat Toby Wickenden 3,211 11.1 +1.3
UKIP Terry Jones 803 2.8 +2.8
Green Laurie Cleeland 618 2.1 +2.1
Independent Demetrious Panton 530 1.8 +1.8
Workers Revolutionary Mick Saxby 59 0.2 +0.2
Majority 8,883 30.7
Turnout 28,906 50.1 +4.6
Labour hold Swing -3.6
General Election 2001: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Margaret Hodge 15,302 60.9 -4.9
Conservative Mike Weatherley 5,768 23.0 +5.4
Liberal Democrat Anura Keppetipola 2,450 9.8 +0.3
BNP Mark Tolman 1,606 6.4 +3.7
Majority 9,534 37.9
Turnout 25,126 45.5 -16.2
Labour hold Swing -5.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Barking[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Margaret Hodge 21,698 65.8 +14.2
Conservative Keith Langford 5,802 17.6 -16.3
Liberal Democrat Mark Marsh 3,128 9.5 -5.0
Referendum Party Colin Taylor 1,283 3.9 N/A
BNP Mark Tolman 894 2.7 N/A
ProLife Alliance Damien Mearns 159 0.5 N/A
Majority 15,896 48.2
Turnout 32,962 61.7
Labour hold Swing +15.3
1994 Barking By-election: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Margaret Hodge 13,704 72.1 +20.5
Liberal Democrat Gary White 2,290 12.0 -2.5
Conservative Theresa May 1,976 10.4 -23.5
National Front Gary Needs 551 2.9 N/A
UKIP Gerard Batten 406 2.1 N/A
Natural Law H. R. Butensky 90 0.5 N/A
Majority 11,414 42.4 +20.5
Turnout 19,017 38.3 -31.7
Labour hold Swing +22.0
General Election 1992: Barking[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jo Richardson 18,224 51.6 +7.3
Conservative John G. Kennedy 11,956 33.9 -0.6
Liberal Democrat Stephen W. Churchman 5,133 14.5 -6.7
Majority 6,268 17.7 +7.9
Turnout 35,313 70.0 +3.1
Labour hold Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jo Richardson 15,307 44.3 +2.2
Conservative William Keith Sharp 11,898 34.5 +4.1
Liberal John Kent Gibb 7,366 21.2 -4.4
Majority 3,409 9.9 -1.9
Turnout 34,541 66.9 +1.4
Labour hold Swing -1.0
General Election 1983: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jo Richardson 14,415 42.1 -10.7
Conservative H Summerson 10,389 30.4 -2.0
Liberal J Gibb 8,770 25.6 +14.9
National Front Ian Newport 646 1.9 -1.1
Majority 4,026 11.8 -8.7
Turnout 34,219 65.4 -5.7
Labour hold Swing -4.4

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jo Richardson 18,111 52.8 -11.1
Conservative M Roe 11,103 32.4 +16.8
Liberal M F Taylor 3,679 10.7 -4.9
National Front Ian Newport 1,021 3.0 -1.9
Independent Labour J Barry 400 1.2 N/A
Majority 7,008 20.4 -27.9
Turnout 34,314 71.1 +3.7
Labour hold Swing -14.0
General Election October 1974: Barking[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jo Richardson 21,546 63.9 +3.8
Conservative Eric Forth 5,256 15.6 -3.2
Liberal M Taylor 5,245 15.6 -5.5
National Front C Bond 1,661 4.9 N/A
Majority 16,290 48.3 +9.3
Turnout 33,706 67.4 -9.2
Labour hold Swing +3.5
General Election February 1974: Barking[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jo Richardson 22,846 60.1 -9.3
Liberal M Taylor 8,012 21.1 N/A
Conservative Eric Forth 7,154 18.8 -11.8
Majority 14,834 39.0 +0.2
Turnout 38,011 76.6 +15.0
Labour hold Swing N/A
General Election 1970: Barking[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tom Driberg 21,097 69.4 +3.2
Conservative Geoffrey Pattie 9,309 30.6 +8.8
Majority 11,788 38.8 -5.5
Turnout 49,363 61.6 -10.4
Labour hold Swing -2.8

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Barking[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Edward Neil Driberg 22,994 66.2 +3.6
Conservative Geoffrey Edwin Pattie 7,584 21.8 -0.8
Liberal James T Silvey 4,181 12.0 -2.8
Majority 15,410 44.3 +4.2
Turnout 48,281 72.0 -1.2
Labour hold Swing +2.2
General Election 1964: Barking[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Edward Neil Driberg 23,055 62.6 +4.8
Conservative G C Waterer 8,296 22.6 -5.6
Liberal N H Donahue 5,463 14.8 +0.9
Majority 14,759 40.1 +10.5
Turnout 50,326 73.2 -5.3
Labour hold Swing +5.2

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Barking[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Edward Neil Driberg 23,454 57.8 -11.4
Conservative K F Dibben 11,454 28.2 -2.6
Liberal David E Evans 5,648 13.9 N/A
Majority 12,000 29.6 -8.8
Turnout 51,654 78.5 +4.9
Labour hold Swing -4.4
General Election 1955: Barking[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Somerville Hastings 27,129 69.2 +1.8
Conservative B Massey 12,082 30.8 +5.7
Majority 15,047 38.4 -4.0
Turnout 53,314 73.6 -8.3
Labour hold Swing -2.0
General Election 1951: Barking[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Somerville Hastings 30,486 67.4 +1.1
Conservative M T B Underhill 11,340 25.1 +2.6
Liberal Norman H Cork 3,387 7.5 -3.7
Majority 19,146 42.4 -1.5
Turnout 55,219 81.9 -1.7
Labour hold Swing -0.8
General Election 1950: Barking[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Somerville Hastings 30,299 66.3 -4.2
Conservative K E B Glenny 10,269 22.5 +6.4
Liberal Clarence Henry Willcock 5,109 11.2 -2.2
Majority 20,030 43.9 -10.5
Turnout 54,627 83.6 +10.8
Labour hold Swing -5.3

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Barking[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Somerville Hastings 24,504 70.5 N/A
Conservative K E B Glenny 5,593 16.1 N/A
Liberal Clarence Henry Willcock 4,674 13.4 N/A
Majority 18,911 54.4 N/A
Turnout 34,771 72.8 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Notes and References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Coordinates: 51°32′N 0°07′E / 51.53°N 0.11°E / 51.53; 0.11