Barking (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Barking in Greater London.
|Electorate||74,027 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Barking and Becontree|
|Member of Parliament||Margaret Hodge (Labour)|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 British National Party challenge
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 Notes and References
Barking covers the western two-thirds of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, in overall terms forming a mid-south portion of east London; its economy is diverse from major retail and manufacturing to its power station, with some commuting, particularly in its growing minority of expensive neighbourhoods. Ford Dagenham has lost its assembly workforce but expanded its diesel engine production workforce. The plant is split between this and the neighbouring constituency.
Barking's side-by-side twin nature reserves have grassland and bird habitat by a bend of the River Thames and are somewhat incongruously next to a disused and operational power plant for the industrial works in the east of its modest-length riverside. A large majority of its homes are north of the largely three-lane A13 (within Greater London). The constituency has benefited from the Summer Olympics 2012 in London and its districts include a larger than average proportion of social housing and earners on low incomes. The area has elected Labour MPs since its creation in 1945, usually with strong majorities. Bucking the national trend, the incumbent MP for that party, Margaret Hodge, almost doubled her majority at the General Election in 2010.
1945-1974: The Municipal Borough of Barking.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Barking wards of Abbey, Cambell, Gascoigne, Longbridge and Manor.
1983-1997: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes and Thames.
1997-2010: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Becontree, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes and Thames.
2010-: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Alibon, Becontree, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Mayesbrook, Parsloes, Thames, and Valence.
After latest boundary review
Following their review of parliamentary representation the Boundary Commission for England recommended that the wards of Alibon, Parsloes and Valence be transferred from the old Dagenham constituency to Barking, and that following a review of ward boundaries a small part of River ward be transferred from Barking to help form the new Dagenham and Rainham constituency. These boundaries were first contested for the UK general election, 2010.
British National Party challenge
The rise in support for the British National Party since the turn of the 21st century saw the party attain 17% of the vote at the 2005 general election. Party members and supporters were optimistic that the party would soon make the breakthrough into UK parliament, and party leader Nick Griffin stood in Barking for the 2010 general election. However, his performance in Barking was poor as he polled 14.8% of the vote and Margaret Hodge retained the seat with more than half of the vote. During the run-up to the 2010 election, filmmaker Laura Fairrie had access to the British National Party and Labour Party campaigns and later produced a documentary The Battle for Barking, which was premiered on More 4 on 30 November 2010.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Jo Richardson||Labour|
|1994 by-election||Margaret Hodge||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Barking|
|General Election 2010: Barking|
|Liberal Democrat||Dominic Carman||3,719||8.2||−2.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Crucial Chris Dowling||82||0.2||N/A|
|Restoration Party||Dapo Sijuwola||45||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Barking|
|Liberal Democrat||Toby Wickenden||3,211||11.1||+1.3|
|Workers Revolutionary||Mick Saxby||59||0.2||+0.2|
|General Election 2001: Barking|
|Liberal Democrat||Anura Keppetipola||2,450||9.8||+0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Barking|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Marsh||3,128||9.5||-5.0|
|Referendum Party||Colin Taylor||1,283||3.9||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Damien Mearns||159||0.5||N/A|
|1994 Barking By-election: Barking|
|Liberal Democrat||Gary White||2,290||12.0||-2.5|
|National Front||Gary Needs||551||2.9||N/A|
|Natural Law||H. R. Butensky||90||0.5||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Barking|
|Conservative||John G. Kennedy||11,956||33.9||-0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen W. Churchman||5,133||14.5||-6.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Barking|
|Conservative||William Keith Sharp||11,898||34.5||+4.1|
|Liberal||John Kent Gibb||7,366||21.2||-4.4|
|General Election 1983: Barking|
|National Front||Ian Newport||646||1.9||-1.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Barking|
|Liberal||M F Taylor||3,679||10.7||-4.9|
|National Front||Ian Newport||1,021||3.0||-1.9|
|Independent Labour||J Barry||400||1.2||N/A|
|General Election October 1974: Barking|
|National Front||C Bond||1,661||4.9||N/A|
|General Election February 1974: Barking|
|General Election 1970: Barking|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Barking|
|Labour||Thomas Edward Neil Driberg||22,994||66.2||+3.6|
|Conservative||Geoffrey Edwin Pattie||7,584||21.8||-0.8|
|Liberal||James T Silvey||4,181||12.0||-2.8|
|General Election 1964: Barking|
|Labour||Thomas Edward Neil Driberg||23,055||62.6||+4.8|
|Conservative||G C Waterer||8,296||22.6||-5.6|
|Liberal||N H Donahue||5,463||14.8||+0.9|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Barking|
|Labour||Thomas Edward Neil Driberg||23,454||57.8||-11.4|
|Conservative||K F Dibben||11,454||28.2||-2.6|
|Liberal||David E Evans||5,648||13.9||N/A|
|General Election 1955: Barking|
|General Election 1951: Barking|
|Conservative||M T B Underhill||11,340||25.1||+2.6|
|Liberal||Norman H Cork||3,387||7.5||-3.7|
|General Election 1950: Barking|
|Conservative||K E B Glenny||10,269||22.5||+6.4|
|Liberal||Clarence Henry Willcock||5,109||11.2||-2.2|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Barking|
|Conservative||K E B Glenny||5,593||16.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Clarence Henry Willcock||4,674||13.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and References
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census statistics, by Super Layer Output Area, Barking within Barking and Dagenham
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Barking election result (BBC News online).
- "The Battle for Barking". Channel 4. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Statement of Persons Nominated, London Borough of Barking and Dagenham
- Barking UKPolling
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.