Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County (Chinese: 巴里坤哈萨克自治县; pinyin: Bālǐkūn Hāsàkèzú Zìzhìxiàn; Uyghur: باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى, ULY: Barköl Qazaq Aptonom Nahiyisi, UYY: Barkɵl K̡azak̡ Aptonom Nah̡iyisi?, (Kazakh: باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى Barköl Qazaq awtonomïyalıq awdanı)
It is a part of Kumul Prefecture in Xinjiang in the People's Republic of China.
It has an area of 38,445.3 km².
In the north it borders Mongolia, in the south the city of Kumul and in the west the Mori Kazakh Autonomous County of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
It was made an autonomous county on October 1, 1954.
Barköl is famous for its camel and horse breeding. The Barköl horse is famous throughout China. Also, due to the large number of camels, which is unparalleled in China, the county carries the nickname of the "county of ten thousand camels".
Coordinates: 43°36′N 93°01′E / 43.600°N 93.017°E / 43.600; 93.017