Barlingbo Church

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Barlingbo Church, external view

Barlingbo Church (Swedish: Barlingbo kyrka) is a medieval Lutheran church on the Swedish island of Gotland, in the Diocese of Visby.

History and architecture[edit]

The presently visible church was finished circa 1280. It was however preceded by another church, whose foundations have been discovered under the floor of the present one. The oldest parts of Barlingbo Church are the choir and apse.[1] These have been dated to 1225.[2]Following this, the nave was built, and lastly the tower. The church in its entirety dates from the 13th century.[1]

The church has three portals, two of which are in Gothic style and one, the oldest, which is still in the Romanesque tradition. The largest of the Gothic portals seems to have been inserted after the walls were built, as it is obviously too large for the façade and the walls have been made thicker around it in order to accommodate it.[1] This portal dates from circa 1300.[2] In the western, tower façade there is a rose window. There are also Gothic windows with still extant painted glass from circa 1280 in the apse and the south façade.[1]

Inside, Barlingbo Church is divided by vaults in three sections, length-wise. It is a single-nave church. Its consciously conceived plan has been interpreted as being influenced by Cistercian architecture.[3] The walls are decorated by frescos from different times. Oldest of these are a number of purely decorative, grey triangles and crosses, dating perhaps from the earliest construction period. A set of more monumental but likewise purely decorative frescos in the nave and around the east window of the apse date from circa 1280. Later, from the 14th century, are frescos in the apse depicting six apostles, unique in their appearance on Gotland.[1]

Among the furnishings, the medieval altar (which has probably once housed a relic) has a Baroque top, dated 1683 and with the monogram of King Charles XI of Sweden. The triumphal cross is from circa 1240. Perhaps the most unusual item in the church is the baptismal font, dating from the second part of the 12th century and richly decorated with carved figures. It displays figures from the Bible and the symbols of the evangelists. Some of the figures are also marked with runes.[1][3] The unusual font, carved from a single block of limestone, is not comparable to any other baptismal font on Gotland. Art historian Johnny Roosval considered it to be one of the finest pieces of art from medieval Sweden.[3] Influences from English art from the time have been traced in the font.[2] In the choir, some tombstones from the 13th and 14th centuries are visible, and the pulpit, itself dating from 1673, has been placed on a medieval side altar. The pews and the organ cover are from the 19th century. One of the church bells is from circa 1440 and carries inscriptions evoking Christ, Mary and Saint Dionysius; the latter is believed to have been the patron saint of the church in Catholic times.[1]

Parsonage[edit]

Close to the church lies the old parsonage. It was built in 1902 in a style mixing Gothic Revival with Renaissance Revival architecture. This turn-of-the-century interpretation of Medieval architecture is unique on Gotland.[2][4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Lagerlöf, Erland, ed. (1973). Gotlands kyrkor (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 100–102. ISBN 9129410355. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Barlingbo kyrka" (in Swedish). Church of Sweden. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Gustavson, Helmer. "Gotlands runinskrifter 3. Barlingbo socken.". Swedish National Heritage Board. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Gotland kn, BARLINGBO PRÄSTGÅRDEN 1:8 BARLINGBO PRÄSTGÅRD" (in Swedish). Swedish National Heritage Board. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°33′52″N 18°27′47″E / 57.56444°N 18.46306°E / 57.56444; 18.46306