The Barlow maneuver is a physical examination performed on infants to screen for developmental dysplasia of the hip. It is named for T. G. Barlow, an English pediatrician, who devised this test; it was clinically tested during 1957–1962 at Hope Hospital Salford, Manchester.
The maneuver is easily performed by adducting the hip (bringing the thigh towards the midline) while applying light pressure on the knee, directing the force posteriorly. If the hip is dislocatable - that is, if the hip can be popped out of socket with this maneuver - the test is considered positive. The Ortolani maneuver is then used, to confirm the positive finding (i.e., that the hip actually dislocated).