Barnaby Fitzpatrick

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Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick
2nd Baron Upper Ossory
In office
Preceded by Brian Fitzpatrick, 1st Baron Upper Ossory
Succeeded by Florence Fitzpatrick, 3rd Baron Upper Ossory
Personal details
Born 1535
Died 11 September 1581
Nationality Irish
Spouse(s) Joan Fitzpatrick (nee Eustace)[1]
Relations Maragret Butler (mother)[2]
Children Margaret Fitzpatrick

Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 2nd Baron Upper Ossory (1535?–1581), was the eldest son and heir of Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 1st Baron Upper Ossory. He was born in Ireland, probably about 1535. He married in 1560 Joan, daughter of Rowland Eustace, 2nd Viscount Baltinglass, by whom he had an only daughter, Margaret, first wife of James, Lord Dunboyne. His estates passed to his brother Florence Fitzpatrick.

Early life Abroad[edit]

Sent at an early age into England as a pledge of his father's loyalty, he was educated at court, where he became a favourite schoolfellow and companion, as well as "proxy for correction" (or whipping boy) of Prince Edward.[3] On 15 August 1551 he and Sir Robert Dudley were sworn two of the six gentlemen of the king's privy chamber.[4]

Edward VI, who continued to take a kindly interest in him, sent him the same year into France in order to perfect his education, sagely advising him to "behave himself honestly, more following the company of gentlemen, than pressing into the company of the ladies there". Introduced by the Lord Admiral, Lord Clinton, to Henry II, he was by him appointed a Gentleman of the Chamber, in which position he had favourable opportunities for observing the course of French politics. On his departure on 9 December 1552 he was warmly commended for his conduct by Henry himself and the Constable Montmorency[5]

During his residence in France Edward VI continued to correspond regularly with him, and so much of the correspondence has survived and has been printed in the Literary Remains of Edward VI, published by the Roxburghe Club, i. 63–92. (Some of these letters had previously been printed by Fuller in his Worthies of England and Church History of Britain; by Horace Walpole in 1772, reprinted in the Dublin University Magazine, xliv. 535, and by Halliwell-Phillipps in his Letters of the Kings of England, vol. ii., and in Gentlemen's Magazine, lxii. 704.)

Return to England and Ireland[edit]

On his return he took an active part in the suppression of Wyatt's rebellion (1553). The same year, as transcribed in the Chronicle of Queen Jane by Nichols that "the Erle of Ormonde, Sir [blank] Courteney Knight, and Mr. Barnaby fell out in the night with a certayn priest in the streate, whose parte a gentyllman comyng by chance took, and so they fell by the eares; so that Barnabye was hurte. The morrowe they were ledd by the ii sheryves to the counter in the Pultry, where they remained [blank] daies".

Shortly afterwards he went into Ireland with the Earl of Kildare and Brian O'Conor Faly, (Baron Offaly). It is stated both by Collins[who?] and Lodge that he was in 1558 present at the Siege of Leith, and that he was there knighted by the Duke of Norfolk; but for this there appears to be no authority. He sat in the Parliament of 1559. In 1566 he was knighted by Sir Henry Sidney, who seems to have held him in high estimation (Cal. Carew MSS. ii. 148). His proceedings against Edmund Butler for complicity with Fitzmaurice in the Desmond Rebellions were deeply resented by the Earl of Ormond, and led to a lifelong feud between them. In 1573 he was the victim of a cruel outrage, owing to the abduction of his wife and daughter by the Graces.[clarification needed]

Allegations and imprisonment[edit]

In 1574 the Earl of Ormond made fresh allegations against his loyalty, and he was summoned to Dublin to answer before the council, where he successfully acquitted himself. In 1576 he succeeded his father, who had long been impotent, as Baron Upper Ossory, and two years afterwards had the satisfaction of killing the great rebel Rory O'More.

Owing to a series of charges preferred against him by Ormond, who declared that there was "not a naughtier or more dangerous man in Ireland than the baron of Upper Ossory", he and Lady Fitzpatrick were on 14 January 1581 committed to Dublin Castle. There was, however, "nothing to touch him", he being in Sir Henry Wallop's opinion "as sound a man to her majesty as any of his nation".


He, however, seems to have been suddenly taken ill, and on 11 Sept. 1581 he died in the house of William Kelly, surgeon, Dublin, at two o'clock in the afternoon. He was, said Sir Henry Sidney, "the most sufficient man in counsel and action for the war that ever I found of that country birth; great pity it was of his death".

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Fuller, Church Hist. bk. vii. par. 47
  4. ^ Edward VI's Diary
  5. ^ Cal. State Papers, For. vol. i.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Fitzpatrick, Barnaby". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.