|Born||6 August 1947|
|Residence||Edinburgh & Aberdeen, Scotland|
|Alma mater||Mostyn House, Loretto and Edinburgh School of Agriculture|
|Occupation||Director, Ocheye MacKay Limited (Aberdeen & Edinburgh) and St Stephen's Playfair Trust (Edinburgh), Online Classical Music Editor, edinburghguide.com.|
|Known for||British magistrate and social activist; the originator of the AIDS Awareness ribbon, World AIDS day, Fairtrade fortnight and the Jubilee 2000 human chain around G8 leaders in Birmingham UK|
|Partner(s)||John MacKay, The Reverend Sir Derek Pattinson|
|Awards||Award winning Seedsman|
Barnaby Miln (born 6 August 1947) is a British social activist and former magistrate. He is best known as the originator of the AIDS Awareness ribbon, World AIDS day, and for promoting Fairtrade fortnight and the Jubilee 2000 human chain around the G8 leaders. He was the first lay person to come out as gay in the General Synod of the Church of England and thereby the most publicly gay magistrate in England and Wales.
The Miln family originates in Barry, a village near Carnoustie in Angus in Scotland and their genealogy back to 1614 is recorded in Burke's Landed Gentry. Miln's coat of arms was granted and matriculated at the Court of the Lord Lyon King of Arms on 8 August 1967, and re-matriculated on 12 October 1998, after his father’s death.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Seedsman and plant breeder
- 3 Christian Aid
- 4 Fairtrade fortnight
- 5 Plant varieties and family historian
- 6 Elderly care
- 7 Career as a magistrate
- 8 Church of England
- 9 Christian Action on AIDS
- 10 World AIDS Day
- 11 Family
- 12 Gay relationships
- 13 Coming out as gay
- 14 Other charities
- 15 Jubilee 2000
- 16 Gay counselling
- 17 Classical music editor, ecclesiastical correspondent
- 18 References
Early life and education
He was educated at Mostyn House School, once a prestigious preparatory boarding school for 160 boys from 8 to 13 years, in Parkgate on the Wirral Peninsula in Cheshire where his end of term reports show that he was happy, an all-rounder and clever. This was followed by Loretto School, Musselburgh, close to Edinburgh, the smallest of the great public schools with 240 boys with a reputation for being spartan, sporty and very strict. After a year as farm student with Tommy Dale, of Scoughall in East Lothian, he was the third generation of his family to be a graduate of the Edinburgh School of Agriculture. He was elected a member of the Edinburgh University Students' Representative Council and was present and on duty when Malcolm Muggeridge, rector of Edinburgh University, used a sermon at St. Giles' Cathedral in January 1968, to resign the post in protest against the Student Representative Council's liberal views on "pot and pills."
Seedsman and plant breeder
His father, grandfather and great grandfather were each in their time managing director of the largest agricultural plant breeding and seed company in the United Kingdom, Gartons Agricultural Plant Breeders plc. Barnaby Miln was the elder son of the fourth generation and went on to professional seed and plant breeding training firstly with the family firm, then in Minneapolis, USA, with Northrup-King & Co, at the time the world’s largest seed company, and at the National Institute of Agricultural Botany, Cambridge. Just as he was a fully qualified seedsman and plant breeder the family business was taken over.
Whilst with Gartons plc he was a co-breeder and responsible for the final selection of the first wheat variety to apply for, in 1965, and be granted Plant breeders' rights in the United Kingdom, Gartons Apex Wheat.
Whilst with Northrup-King & Co he originated their sugar beet breeding programme, managed their turf grass trials ground, and studied seed vigour at their Minneapolis and Eden Prairie seed agronomy research centres.
In 1973 he set up his own agricultural seed company in Herefordshire, UK, Milns of Bodenham Limited, later adding two garden centres and a turf grass research facility - where he invented the patented process of seed lamination in 1980. Years later, working near Edinburgh, he developed the process and won the Scotland on Sunday/KPMG Award for Innovation in October 1995. In January 1996 he was the Scotland on Sunday/KPMG Scotland’s Innovator of Promise.
Working as Christian Aid’s horticultural consultant he devised their show garden in 1997 which won a Royal Horticultural Society’s Silver Gilt Medal (Flora range), the highest medal awarded at that show. The planting theme was Robert Fortune, the plant hunter, who had introduced the tea plant from China to India. Fairtrade and especially Clipper Fairtrade tea from Beaminster was featured. A number of television programmes highlighted the show garden including a BBC Songs of Praise with HRH The Princess Royal being shown the plants by Barnaby Miln.
As a Christian Aid consultant Barnaby Miln set up the first Fairtrade fortnight. This was held initially throughout Scotland. It was launched in Edinburgh by Lady Marion Fraser LT on 12 February 1997 and held from 1 to 14 March 1997 when supporters of development charities like Christian Aid and Oxfam demanded their local supermarket stock fairtrade products. Later that year he spearheaded the fairtrade exhibition at the Commonwealth Conference in Edinburgh.
Plant varieties and family historian
Miln is a descendant of Robert Fortune, and as a plant variety historian, he has researched the more than two hundred garden plants he introduced to the United Kingdom from China. He has also researched the almost two hundred varieties of new crop plants bred and introduced to United Kingdom agriculture by his family’s business, Gartons Agricultural Plant Breeders plc.
Career as a magistrate
Whilst still in his late twenties but already a local councillor and churchwarden his name was submitted to be a Justice of the Peace. For thirteen years he sat on the City of Hereford magistrates' bench and then for three years the City of London bench.
Chairing a court in 1985 he had dealt with a case involving a burglar he sent to prison who responded by saying that as he had AIDS, an illness then almost unknown in Hereford, he was being given a death sentence "I know I could be dead within 18 months to two years and that is the worst punishment I could ever have." In 1992 he became a Freeman of the City of London but not long afterwards Miln stepped down from the bench.
Church of England
Barnaby Miln chaired the steering group during the building of a new church, St Barnabas, Hereford, and chaired its committee from its dedication by the Bishop of Hereford on 9 December 1981 and its consecration on 16 July 1982 by the Bishop of Hereford in the presence of HRH The Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon.
In 1985 he was elected for five years to the General Synod of the Church of England after several years as chairman of the Diocese of Hereford’s revenue committee and honorary treasurer of the diocese, founded in 676 AD.
Christian Action on AIDS
Shortly after the court case of the man with AIDS he was in London attending his first group of sessions of the General Synod. He introduced himself to Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury, and asked what the church was doing about AIDS. The Archbishop had just returned from San Francisco and seen for himself the devastation caused to the gay community there. They agreed to work together with the Archbishop hoping that "AIDS would not be like cancer - a word only whispered, for by the church talking opening and honestly about AIDS we can take a lead in pastoral care and education".
Conferences were held in the spring of 1986 in California and London when the rainbow AIDS Awareness ribbon was first distributed and became the international symbol of support for people with AIDS for the next five years. A charity Christian Action on AIDS was set up on 14 July 1986 supported by church leaders and with Canon John Bowker, Dean of Trinity College, Cambridge, as its president and Barnaby Miln as its chairman.
Christian Action on AIDS was responsible for the working papers on AIDS for the 1988 Lambeth Conference. Once the three-week-long Conference was under way the Archbishop of Canterbury asked Mr Miln to gather support for a last minute resolution on homosexuality 'to hold the position reached in 1978' in the name of the Bishop of New York, Paul Moore. Resolution 64 called on all bishops of the Anglican Communion to undertake in the next decade a 'deep and dispassionate study of the question of homosexuality'. This was cited in his Preface by the next Archbishop, Dr George Carey, as a reason for the publication in December 1991 of a Statement by the House of Bishops of the General Synod of the Church of England, Issues in Human Sexuality. Whilst continuing to forbid gay sex for the clergy it gave a permission for laity.
For five years Barnaby Miln travelled extensively speaking to church leaders at the British Council of Churches, throughout the worldwide Anglican Communion, Pope John Paul II in Rome and at the World Council of Churches in Geneva and Canberra.
World AIDS Day
In his powerful speech in a major debate on AIDS in the General Synod of the Church of England on 10 November 1987 he proposed a day each year to remember people with AIDS. In response the Bishop of Gloucester, Rt Rev. John Yates, who was chair of the Synod's Board for Social Responsibility, doubted if anywhere but the United States was yet ready for a special day. But Dr Jonathan Mann at the World Health Organisation was a member of the archiepiscopal working party on AIDS for the Lambeth Conference chaired by Barnaby Miln. He was aware of Barnaby Miln's proposal. This set the seed for he and his colleagues, James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter, to set up what became World AIDS Day, held on 1 December each year since 1988. The Bishop of Gloucester and Barnaby Miln were invited to its original in Geneva.
Throughout his five years on General Synod he worked with the Reverend Richard Kirker, an openly gay clergyman who had been refused priesthood by Dr Robert Runcie and who had, with others, set up the Gay Christian Movement. later the Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement, and became its general secretary.
In 1986 he met Derek Pattinson, then secretary-general of the General Synod of the Church of England, who was to become his partner. Derek Pattinson was knighted in 2000 and ordained in 2001, becoming the Reverend Sir Derek Pattinson. Pattinson died in 2006 when The Times newspaper reported in its obituary that he was survived by Barnaby Miln. Miln was the chief mourner at the Westminster Abbey burial.
Coming out as gay
The General Synod of the Church of England in November 1987 also debated homosexuality in a separate debate. At a meeting the night before, in Church House Westminster, Barnaby Miln declared that he was gay to much applause from the Open Synod Group he was addressing.
He led the opposition and bitterly opposed the motion in a debate on Biblical discipline in matters of sexual morality in the House of Laity at Church House (Church of England) Westminster, on 8 February 1988. In his speech he again declared that he was gay. Peter Tatchell, the gay activist, sitting in Barnaby Miln’s support in the public gallery then shouted abuse at those opposing the motion and was escorted out of the building.
In February 1990 Barnaby Miln demanded an emergency debate of the General Synod following the leaking of the Osborne report which claimed homosexuals were treated poorly by the church. But the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, joint presidents, said they were not prepared to admit the motion to the agenda.
Despite this, members of the General Synod voted Barnaby Miln one of the Church of England’s representatives on Churches Together in England, and on Churches Together in Britain and Ireland, successor to the British Council of Churches. He was a consultant at the World Council of Churches.
Magistrate colleagues sought Barnaby’s removal from the bench but he refused and reluctantly agreed to re-swear the oath of allegiance.
He was not re-elected to the General Synod in October 1990.
Whilst on the General Synod Barnaby Miln was a trustee and later chairman of the Langley House Trust for ex-offenders and treasurer of the (British) Churches Council on Alcohol and Drugs. He brought to the latter his experience as a licensing justice in Hereford.
After his fairtrade work in 1997 he was asked to be Campaigns Director of Jubilee 2000, the developing countries' debt campaign, with the specific responsibility of bringing into its network the British churches and to organise a campaign at the forthcoming meeting in Birmingham, England, of the G8 world leaders. This was to be the human chain of about 70,000 supporters of Jubilee 2000.
Larry Elliott, writing in The Guardian on Monday 27 November 2000 states 'Not only has Jubilee 2000 been comfortably the most successful mass movement of the past 25 years, but it has also shown how the process known as globalisation is nurturing its own opponents.' And Paula Goldman wrote in the Financial Times "the Jubilee 2000 petition holds two world records, according to Guinness World Records: it was the largest petition ever signed (24,391,181 signatures) and the most international (with people from 166 countries signing). Sheer size was no doubt key to the Jubilee petition’s success: when talking to decision-makers, campaigners could rightly claim historic levels of public interest."
After a visit with Graham Scott to leading cities in the United States looking at their gay quarters, in co-operation with Edinburgh and Lothian Tourist Board he proposed that Edinburgh boost its appeal to gay tourists.
When in 2002 his partner went to live in a nursing home and for the next four years, in Westminster, he set up a fee paying service for anyone wanting to explore their homosexuality and often with fetishes they would find difficult to explain to most people. He was the feature of a BBC One television documentary 'Men for Hire' broadcast on Tuesday 5 April 2005. Magazine articles and photographs about his work included Zero in March 2005 and QX in September 2005.
Classical music editor, ecclesiastical correspondent
Since 2007 he has reviewed live classical music and opera in Edinburgh, and writes about ecclesiastical matters, online for edinburghguide.com
- Daily Telegraph, London, Tuesday 9 February 1988, page 8
- Daily Mail newspaper, London, Saturday 30 May 1992, pages 1 and 2
- The Independent newspaper, London, Friday 4 December 1992, page 3 with photograph (Andrew Brown) (1992-12-04). "Questions over churchman's charity trip: Andrew Brown reports on a leading Anglican's visit to South Africa with a homosexual friend". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- Daily Mirror newspaper, London, Saturday 5 December 1992, page 3
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- News of the World newspaper, London, 6 December 1992, pages 4 and 5 with photographs
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- The Sun newspaper, London, Monday 29 March 1999, pages 12 and 13 with photographs
- Daily Mail newspaper, London, Tuesday 30 March 1999, page 27 with photographs
- The Sun newspaper, London, Saturday 24 April 1999, page 15 with photographs
- The People newspaper, London, 21 September 2003, pages 6 and 7 with photographs
- Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain, 19th edition, Volume 1, page 1021, ISBN 0-9711966-0-5
- James Balfour Paul, An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland. 2nd edition, Lyon Office, Edinburgh, 1977, ISBN 0-9505299-0-7
- Captain William Wallace Graham Miln (1919 - 1994) 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) 1939-1946
- The Rise of the English Prep School by Donald Leinster-Mackay, Falmer Press Ltd, 1984, ISBN 0-905273-74-5
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- The Scotsman, Edinburgh, 6 September 1988, obituary
- The Scots Magazine, Dundee, Vol 88, No 6, March 1968, pages 530-539
- Thorns and Thistles, Dr Harry Whitley, Edina Press Limited, Edinburgh, p 15, ISBN 0-905695-01-1
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- Plant Varieties & Seeds Gazette, HMSO, London, Number 3, May 1965
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- Scotland on Sunday newspaper, Glasgow, 22 October 1995, page 5
- Scotland on Sunday newspaper, Glasgow, 7 January 1996, page 5
- Express newspaper. London, Saturday 26 April 1997, page 69
- Herald newspaper, Glasgow, 13 February 1997
- Edinburgh Evening News newspaper, Tuesday, 23 October 1997
- Extract of Matriculation of the Arms of Barnaby Miln. Lyon Court, 1998
- National Trust for Scotland, D Donald, Head of Horticulture in 1997
- Care Weekly magazine, London, 2 March 1990, page 5
- Hereford Times newspaper, 21 May 1976, Election result
- Lugg Valley Parish Magazine, May 1976, Appointment
- Hereford Times newspaper, 22 December 1978
- Hereford Evening News newspaper, Tuesday 3 December 1985, page 3
- Hereford Evening News newspaper, Hereford, Thursday 10 December 1981, page 1
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- Hereford Diocesan Year Book, 1985
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- The Archbishop of Canterbury , Dr Robert Runcie, speech in the debate of AIDS at the General Synod, 10 November 1997.Report of Proceedings, General Synod, Volume 18, Number 3
- The Guardian newspaper, London, Monday 14 July 1986
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- Lambeth Conference Reports 1988, Church House Publishing, London, page 237, ISBN 0-7151-4772-2
- Issues in Human Sexuality, Church House Publishing, London, December 1991 ISBN 0-7151-3745-X
- Issues in Human Sexuality, page 41, para 5.6
- Hereford Times newspaper, 7 May 1987, article on Miln's overseas travel for Christian Action on AIDS.
- Report of Proceedings, General Synod, Volume 18, Number 3, page 836
- The Lesbian & Gay Christian Movement, edited Sean Gill, Cassell 1998, page 58, ISBN 0-304-33779-X
- Report of Proceedings, General Synod, Volume 18, Number 3, page 851
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- Warrington Guardian newspaper, 19 August 1971, Marriages
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- The Times newspaper, London, 26 March 1974, Births
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- Who's Who 2007, London, page 1765
- Daily Telegraph, London, Saturday 14 October 2006, Obituaries "The Rev Sir Derek Pattinson". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
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- The Times newspaper, London, Saturday 14 October 2006, Obituaries
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- Church Times newspaper, London, 26 April 1991
- Coadwords, London, Number 34, October 1988, back cover
- Alcohol Misuse, Statement of the Church of England Board for Social Responsibility, February 1988, page 8
- The Guardian newspaper, London, Monday 27 November 2000, special report: debt relief
- Financial Times, 17 May 2008
- The Sun newspaper, London, Monday 29 March 1999, pages 4 and 5
- Daily Mail newspaper, London, Tuesday 30 March 1999, page 27
- Interview in Zero magazine, Madrid, March 2005
- Sunday Times newspaper, London, 25 April 1999
- Daily Record newspaper, Glasgow, Saturday 24 April 1999
- Sunday Mirror newspaper,London, 25 April 1999
- Men for Hire, Wednesday, 23 March 2005, BBC News Programmes "Men for Hire". BBC News. 2005-03-23. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
- Radio Times, Tuesday 5 April 2005, page 106
- Zero magazine, Madrid, March 2005, page 70
- QX magazine, London, Issue 554, Wednesday 28 September 2005, page 14