Barnacle Bill (1957 film)
|Directed by||Charles Frend|
|Produced by||Michael Balcon|
|Written by||T. E. B. Clarke|
|Music by||Henry Mancini|
|Edited by||Jack Harris|
|Distributed by||Metro Goldwyn Mayer|
Barnacle Bill (released in the US as All at Sea) is a 1957 Ealing Studios comedy film, starring Alec Guinness. He plays an unsuccessful Royal Navy officer, and six of his maritime ancestors. This was the last film Guinness made for Ealing Studios. By coincidence, his first Ealing success was Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949), in which he also played multiple roles. The film was written by the screenwriter of Passport to Pimlico.
William Horatio Ambrose (Guinness) wants desperately to live up to the proud family tradition; the Ambroses have always been mariners (if not exactly distinguished ones), hence their family motto, "Omnes per Mare" ("All at Sea"). In humorous vignettes, Guinness portrays six of his ancestors, starting with a confused caveman pioneer and ending with his own father's ignominious demise at the Battle of Jutland. Ambrose has a debilitating problem however: he gets violently seasick at the slightest excuse. As a result, his contribution to the Second World War consists of testing cures for the malady.
When he retires from the Royal Navy as a captain, he purchases a dilapidated amusement pier (the closest thing to a command of his own) with his life savings. The workers are an apathetic bunch, led by an insolent Figg (Victor Maddern), who quits as soon as the new owner begins imposing some semblance of discipline. With the assistance of his new second-in-command, Tommy (Percy Herbert), and much hard work, Ambrose soon has the pier repaired.
Then he has to deal with the local town council, headed by the crooked Mayor Crowley (Maurice Denham) and the hostile Arabella Barrington (Irene Browne), who mistakes him for a peeping tom when they first meet. Every time he comes up with an ingenious way to make his business profitable, they see to it that the council outlaws it. When Crowley decides to confiscate and demolish Ambrose's pier and Barrington's bathing huts (under compulsory purchase) to further his own business interests, she resigns from the council and informs Ambrose. He counters by registering his property as a "foreign" naval vessel (christened the Arabella), under the flag of the easygoing country of "Liberama", which puts it outside the town's jurisdiction. He soon attracts many happy, paying passengers for his stationary inaugural "cruise".
Thwarted, Crowley hires Figg to take his dredger and demolish the structure late at night. Using a seasickness remedy suggested by Barrington, Ambrose is able to take to sea and foil the scheme (with his ghostly ancestors watching approvingly), but in the process, part of the pier becomes detached and floats away. He remains aboard to prevent salvagers from claiming it and drifts over to France, where he is hailed as a naval hero.
As appearing in Barnacle Bill, (main roles and screen credits identified):
- Alec Guinness as Captain William Horatio Ambrose.[N 1]
- Irene Browne as Mrs Barrington
- Maurice Denham as Mayor Crowley
- Percy Herbert as Tommy
- Victor Maddern as Figg
- Allan Cuthbertson as Chailey
- Donald Pleasence as Cashier
- Harold Goodwin as Duckworth
- Richard Wattis as Registrar of Shipping
- Lionel Jeffries as Garrod
- George Rose as Bullen
- Lloyd Lamble as Superintendent Browning
- Harry Locke as Reporter
- Jackie Collins as June
- Eric Pohlmann as Liberamanian Consul
- Joan Hickson as Mrs Kent
- Charles Cullum as Major Kent
- Miles Malleson as Angler
- Charles Lloyd-Pack as Tritton
- Warren Mitchell as Artie White
- Elsie Wagstaff as Mrs Gray
Guinness appeared in the film as a favour to the director. In later years, however, he recalled it as "wretched, (a film), ...I never wanted to do and only did out of friendship to Charley Frend." Although Barnacle Bill was the last Ealing comedy, it was shot at Borehamwood Studios, as Ealing Studios had closed and was sold to the BBC for television production.
Barnacle Bill as All at Sea was reviewed in The New York Times by Bosley Crowther. His review was sympathetic to the failings of the film and script but he did see redeeming qualities in Guinness's performance. "Mr. Clarke's whimsical notion doesn't sail quite the untroubled sea that Mr. Guinness' pier does. It runs into roughness, now and then, which requires rather diligent overacting and farcical behavior by all hands. But Mr. Guinness, who has made an art of underplaying, never goes too far overboard ..."
According to MGM records above, the film cost $659,000 to make (see budget note 1 above) and earned $405,000 in the US and Canada, plus $545,000 elsewhere, ($950,000 in total, see note 1 above) resulting in a Return on Investment (ROI) of 44%, and a profit of $291,000 (in 1957 dollars, this was a Box Office success by any standard)  <MGM financial data provided above>
- Guinness actually served in the Royal Navy in the Second World War.
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- Guinness 2001, p. 224.
- McGee, Scott. "This Month: All at Sea." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: 3 August 2013.
- "Credits: All at Sea (1957)." IMDb. Retrieved: 3 August 2013.
- Houterman, J.N."Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) Officers 1939–1945." Unithistories.com. Retrieved: 3 August 2013.
- Read 2005, p. 301.
- "All at Sea (1957); The screen: 'All at Sea'; Guinness is starred in T.E.B. Clarke script." The New York Times, 23 December 1957.