Barnadesioideae

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Barnadesioideae
Chuquiraga oppositifolia.jpg
Chuquiraga oppositifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Barnadesioideae
K.Bremer & R.K.Jansen
Tribe: Barnadesieae
D.Don
Genera

9, see text

Barnadesioideae is a subfamily of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae. It comprises a single tribe, the Barnadesieae. The subfamily is endemic to South America. Molecular evidence suggests it is a basal clade within the family,[1][2] and it is monophyletic.[3]

The subfamily includes species of annual and perennial herbs, shrubs, and trees up to 30 meters tall. Most are likely pollinated by hummingbirds.[3]

As of 2009, there are nine genera, for a total of approximately 91 species.[3]

Genera include:[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Urtubey, E. and T. F. Stuessy. (2001). New hypotheses of phylogenetic relationships in Barnadesioideae (Asteraceae) based on morphology. Taxon 50(4) 1043–66.
  2. ^ Timme, R. E., et al. (2007). A comparative analysis of the Lactuca and Helianthus (Asteraceae) plastid genomes: identification of divergent regions and categorization of shared repeats. American Journal of Botany 94(3) 302–12.
  3. ^ a b c d Gruenstaeudl, M., et al. (2009). Phylogeny of Barnadesioideae (Asteraceae) inferred from DNA sequence data and morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51(3), 572-87.