Coordinates: 53°31′N 1°16′W / 53.52°N 1.27°W
Barnburgh is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster in South Yorkshire, England. The village is adjacent to the village of Harlington - the parish contains both villages, and according to the 2001 census it had a population of 1,979. The village is located 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Mexborough, 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Goldthorpe and 8 miles (13 km) west of Doncaster itself.
In the centre of the village is the parish church of St Peter, which is famous for the legend of the 'Cat and Man' and is mainly of Norman and Transitional architectural styles.
There was a coal mine situated half a mile west of the village called Barnburgh Main Colliery, which operated between 1911 and 1989.