Barnes, London

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Barnes
Barnes from Bridge.JPG
Barnes is located in Greater London
Barnes
Barnes
 Barnes shown within Greater London
Area  4.50 km2 (1.74 sq mi)
Population 21,218 (Barnes and
Mortlake and Barnes Common wards 2011)[2]
   – density  4,715/km2 (12,210/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ225765
   – Charing Cross 5.8 mi (9.3 km)  ENE
London borough Richmond
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW13
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Richmond Park
London Assembly South West
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°28′27″N 0°14′07″W / 51.4741°N 0.2352°W / 51.4741; -0.2352

Barnes is a suburban district in south-west London, England and the extreme east of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is centred 5.8 miles (9.3 km) west south-west of Charing Cross in a bend of the River Thames.

Its built environment includes a wide variety of convenience and arts shopping on its high street and a high proportion of 18th- and 19th-century buildings in the streets near Barnes Pond which together make up Barnes Village conservation area where, along with its west riverside, pictured, most of the mid-19th century properties are concentrated. On the east riverside is the WWT London Wetland Centre adjoining several fields for the three main national team sports. Barnes has retained woodland on the "Barnes Trail" which is a short circular walk taking in the riverside, commercial streets and conservation area, marked by silver discs set in the ground and with QR coded information on distinctive oar signs. The Thames Path National Trail provides a public promenade along the entire bend of the river which is on the Championship Course in rowing. Barnes has two railway stations and is served by bus routes towards London and Richmond.

Geography and transport[edit]

Hammersmith Bridge at the north end links Barnes to the centre of Hammersmith, the nearest entertainment and high rise office area.

Barnes adjoins the South Circular Road and Putney, which forms a rival commercial hub to Hammersmith. Unlike Mortlake and Hammersmith, Barnes has no dual carriageways. The locality is one of a minority at its radius from the centre of London in the early 21st century to be defined by suburban by a Greater London Authority paper.[3]

Barnes has two mainline railway stations:

Its nearest tube station is Hammersmith, which also has bus connections to central London.

Nearest places[edit]

History[edit]

Historically part of Surrey, Barnes appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as "Berne". It was held by the Canons of St Paul of London when its assets were: 8 hides, paying tax with Mortlake; 6 ploughlands, 20 acres (81,000 m2) of meadow. It rendered (in total) to its feudal system overlords £7 per year.[4]

The original Norman chapel of St Mary's, Barnes' village church, was built at some point between 1100 and 1150. It was subsequently extended in the early thirteenth century, and again c. 1485 and in 1786. After a major fire in 1978 destroyed the Victorian and Edwardian additions to the building, restoration work was completed in 1984.[5]

Some of the oldest riverside housing in London is to be found on The Terrace, a road lined with Georgian mansions which runs along the west bend of the river. Construction of these mansions began as early as 1720.[6] Gustav Holst and Ninette de Valois lived in houses on this stretch, both of which have corresponding blue plaques. The Terrace also has an original red brick police station, built in 1891. It has been remodelled as apartments but still preserves the original features.

The pink-fronted Rose House facing the area's pond dates to the 17th century, while Milbourne House facing The Green, the area's oldest, parts of which date to the 16th century, once belonged to Henry Fielding.[7] The park of Barn Elms, formerly the manor house of Barnes,[8] which was for long the parish's chief property, is now an open space and playing field.

The listed Barnes Railway Bridge, originally constructed in 1849 by Joseph Locke, dominates the view of the river from The Terrace. In 2009 a project began to re-paint the bridge.

Castelnau, in north Barnes and on the banks of the river, has a small church, Holy Trinity. The area between Castelnau and Lonsdale Road contains a 1930s council estate (including roads such as Nowell Road, Stillingfleet Road and Washington Road), mostly consisting of "Boot Houses", constructed by the Henry Boot company.

Economy[edit]

According to a 2014 survey, Barnes has the highest proportion of independent shops of any area in Britain, at 96.6%.[9][10]

Barnes Common and the London Wetland Centre[edit]

Marc Bolan's shrine, on what would have been his 60th birthday, 30 September 2007
Barnes Pond with the Sun Inn in the background

Barnes Common is an important open space and a local nature reserve.[11] Its 120 acres (0.49 km2) dominate the south of Barnes, providing a rural setting to the village and a wealth of habitats including acid grassland, scrub, woodland and wetland. Beverley Brook passes through part of the common before meeting the Thames at Putney.

In April 2001, Barnes Pond dramatically emptied overnight. Although a broken drain was suspected no cause could be conclusively found.[12] The pond was redeveloped and landscaped with funding from Richmond Council and the local community.

Barn Elms reservoirs were turned into a wetland habitat and bird sanctuary in 1995. The majority of the WWT London Wetland Centre comprises areas of standing open water, grazing marsh and reedbed. It is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest as it supports nationally important wintering populations of shoveler (Anas clypeata) and teal (Anas crecca).

Landmarks, trails and events[edit]

The Barnes trail, a 2.3 mile circular walk funded by the Mayor of London and Richmond upon Thames Council, was opened in June 2013.[13] It gained in 2014 a further QR code-marked extension, along its riverside, which equates to the Thames Path National Trail and part of which is wide, pavemented embankments with Victorian townhouses and the rest is tree-lined green space.[14]

The site of rock musician Marc Bolan's fatal car crash on Queen's Ride in 1977 is now Bolan's Rock Shrine. The memorial receives frequent visits from his fans, and in 1997 a bronze bust of Bolan was installed to mark the twentieth anniversary of his death. In 2007, the site was recognised by the English Tourist Board as a "Site of Rock 'n' Roll Importance" in its guide England Rocks.[15]

A cinema, Olympic Studios on Church Road, is independent, showing a mixture of films on general release and art films. Originally a local cinema and for many years a leading recording studio, down the decades Olympic played host to some of rock and pop's greatest stars, from the Beatles, who recorded the original tracks of "All You Need Is Love" in Barnes, to the Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, David Bowie, Queen, Eric Clapton, Ella Fitzgerald, Harry Nilsson, the Verve, Massive Attack, Duran Duran, Coldplay, Madonna and Björk.

Facing the Thames, and on the main commercial street's junction, the Bull's Head pub is known as the "suburban Ronnie Scott's"[16] and was one of the first and most important jazz venues in Britain from the post-war years onward.

The Old Sorting Office Arts Centre is a venue for art and fringe theatre, hosting numerous exhibitions and theatre productions, as well as a regular auction. Actors who have performed at the venue include Patricia Hodge, Stephanie Cole, Timothy West, Julian Glover and Robert Pattinson.

The area around Barnes Pond is host to several open-air and covered markets each month. Barnes Green is the site of the Barnes Fair, held each year on the second Saturday of July and organised by the Barnes Community Association (BCA), whose headquarters is at Rose House, a distinctive 17th-century pink-painted building on Barnes High Street.

Places of worship[edit]

Barnes has eight churches, of which six are members of Churches Together in Barnes:[17]

Sport[edit]

Association Football

Barnes has a place in the history of football. First, a former High Master of St Paul's School, Richard Mulcaster, is credited with taking mob football and turning it into an organised, refereed team sport that was considered beneficial for schoolboys. St Paul's School is currently sited on Lonsdale Road, although in Mulcaster's time it was at St Paul's Cathedral in the City of London.

Barnes was also home to Ebenezer Cobb Morley, who in 1862 was a founding member of the Football Association. In 1863, he wrote to Bell's Life newspaper proposing a governing body for football, and this led to the first meeting at the Freemasons' Tavern where the FA was created. He was the FA's first secretary (1863–66) and at his home in Barnes he set out the first set of rules for modern football, and these were adopted by the FA and subsequently spread throughout the world. As a player he took part in the first match played according to today's rules. Morley may be considered the father of football for his key role in establishing modern Association Football.

Barnes has a Non-League football club, Stonewall F.C., who play at Barn Elms Playing Fields.

Rugby

Barnes Rugby Football Club has evidence to show that it is the oldest club in the world in any football code. Its ground is next to the WWT London Wetlands Centre formerly known simply as Barn Elms.

Rowing

In rowing the loop of the Thames surrounding Barnes forms part of the Championship Course used for the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race and the main national head races, the Head of the River Races, for each category of Olympic boat. Three rowing clubs are across Barnes Bridge which can be crossed by foot and St Paul's School boat from Barnes. A statue of Steve Fairbairn who revolutionised technique and equipment in the sport is by the river close to the London Wetlands Centre in the district.

Education[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

The house in Barnes where Gustav Holst lived between 1908 and 1913. A blue plaque signifying historical significance is fixed to the front of the building[7]

Only people who are sufficiently notable to have individual entries on Wikipedia have been included in the list and, in each instance, their birth or residence has been verified by citations.

Actors[edit]

Artists[edit]

  • Gillian Ayres, artist, was born and grew up in Barnes[29]
  • Kurt Schwitters (1887–1948), artist, lived at 39 Westmorland Road, Barnes. The site is marked by a blue plaque[7]

Musicians[edit]

  • Carl Davis, composer, lives in Barnes[30]
  • Gustav Holst (1874–1934), composer, lived at 31 Gretna Road, Richmond between 1903 and 1908. He and his family moved to 10 The Terrace on the riverfront at Barnes in 1908, where they remained until 1913[7][31]
  • Tomoyasu Hotei, Japanese musician, singer-songwriter, composer, record producer and actor, moved to Barnes in 2012[32]
  • Pete Tong, disc jockey, lives in Barnes[33]
Queen members

Politicians[edit]

Scholars, scientists and engineers[edit]

Writers[edit]

Other[edit]

Demography and housing[edit]

To give an equal councillor number and electorate, the wards in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames are multi-councillor but aim to be equally sized. To achieve this, approximately half of one of the two wards covering modern Barnes also falls within the boundaries of neighbouring Mortlake.[47]

2011 Census homes
Ward Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats Shared between households[2]
Barnes 277 1,198 996 1,784 0 41
Mortlake and Barnes Common 167 547 1,765 2,453 1 8
2011 Census households
Ward Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[2]
Barnes 10,299 4,151 32 26 265
Mortlake and Barnes Common 10,919 4,771 27 32 185

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density [1] Office for National Statistics
  3. ^ A City of Villages: Promoting a sustainable future for London's suburbs. SDS Technical Report 11 (Greater London Authority). August 2002. ISBN 1 85261 393 9. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Palmer, J J N. "Place: Barnes". Open Domesday. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Short history of the parish church of St Mary Barnes". St Mary Barnes. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Timeline". Barnes and Mortlake History Society. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Blue Plaques in Richmond upon Thames". Visitrichmond.co.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  8. ^ Malden, H. E. (editor) (2012). "Victoria County History: Surrey, vol. 4: Barnes". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "Barnes leads in independent shops". DIY Week. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  10. ^ Mitchell, Lucie (25 March 2014). "Independents replace chains on UK high streets, report finds". BusinessZone. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "''Barnes Common Conservation area – Richmond Council''" (PDF). Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "''Richmond Council report on Barnes Pond December 2001''" (PDF). Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  13. ^ Dyduch, Amy (30 June 2013). "Dozens of people turn out for Barnes trail launch". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  14. ^ Barnes Trails Barnes Village. Retrieved 2014-11-22
  15. ^ uk2.net. "TAG’s Marc Bolan & T-Rex Web Site – Legal Guardians of Marc Bolan's Rock Shrine". Marc-bolan.org. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  16. ^ "Barnes". statemaster.com. 9 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Barnes in Common: About Churches Together in Barnes". Churches Together in Barnes. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  18. ^ "Obituary: Rosemary Ackland". The Daily Telegraph (London). 14 August 2002. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  19. ^ Barber, Richard (27 August 2010). "He's a hit TV host, an iconic stage star and has the most devoted fans in showbiz – Michael Ball is on a roll". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  20. ^ "Phyllis Calvert Biography (1915–2002)". leninimports.com. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  21. ^ Parker, Olivia (23 December 2013). "Patricia Hodge, my perfect weekend". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  22. ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah. "Rik Mayall the funniest man". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  23. ^ Dyduch, Amy (9 June 2014). "Comedy idol Rik Mayall dies suddenly at his home in Barnes". Richmond & Twickenham Times. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  24. ^ Duncan, Alistair (31 August 2004). "My London: Alistair McGowan". Evening Standard (London). Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "Robert Pattinson looks more like a grizzly werewolf than vampire on a day out in London with his sister". Daily Mail (London). 30 December 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 
  26. ^ Anstead, Mark (30 January 2011). "Sean Pertwee: 'Why I never expected to be Doctor Who'". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  27. ^ McCann, Graham (5 September 2008). "I say! What a bounder... All dandy comic legend Terry-Thomas really liked was 'jolly eager girls'". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  28. ^ "Are You Being Served? actor Frank Thornton dies aged 92". BBC News. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  29. ^ "Gillian Ayres, abstract painter, artnet". artnet. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  30. ^ Tibbets, John C. "Carl Davis: The Napoleonic Gesture". www.johnctibbetts.com. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  31. ^ Boyes, Valerie (2012). Royal Minstrels to Rock and Roll: 500 years of music-making in Richmond. London: Museum of Richmond. 
  32. ^ Dyduch, Amy (30 November 2012). "Hotei's living the rock 'n' roll dream – in Barnes". Richmond and Twickenham Times (London). p. 16. 
  33. ^ Llewellyn Smith, Caspar (22 May 2005). "Jet Set". The Observer. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  34. ^ a b Mr.Scully. "Queen places in London". Queen Concerts. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  35. ^ Gunn, Jacky; Jenkins, Jim. "Official Biography". The Freddie Mercury Story. Daria Kokozej. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  36. ^ "FRP announces its new Patrons". News. Friends of Richmond Park. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  37. ^ a b "People of Mortlake, Barnes and East Sheen: M – S". Barnes and Mortlake History Society. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  38. ^ Fortey, R. A. (1999). "Colin Patterson. 13 October 1933–9 March 1998". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 45: 367–377. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0025. JSTOR 770282. 
  39. ^ "People of Mortlake, Barnes and East Sheen: E – G". Barnes and Mortlake History Society. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  40. ^ Bentley, Vicci (Spring 2006). "Presiding Spirits: David Harsent". Magma (35). Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  41. ^ Jardine, Cassandra (26 April 2011). "Interview with Judith Kerr". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  42. ^ "Matthew Kneale". Author page. Penguin Books. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  43. ^ "Emma Brockes interview: Roger McGough". The Guardian (London). 14 November 2005. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  44. ^ a b c "A history of writing". Barnes: the village on the river. Barnes Community Association. 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  45. ^ Kelner, Simon (16 April 1995). ""Colin Welland came from his home in Barnes, southwest London", para.6". The Independent (London). Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  46. ^ McDonnell, Colleen (9 June 2006). "Plaque dedicated to dancing hero Dame Ninette". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  47. ^ Malden, H. E. (editor) (1912). "Map of the parish boundaries. Introduction to history of the hundred". Part of the Victoria County History Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 

External links[edit]