Barnet Gate Mill

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Arkley Windmill
Barnet Gate Mill - geograph.org.uk - 384642.jpg
Barnet Gate Mill.
Origin
Mill name Barnet Gate Mill
Grid reference TQ 217 953
Coordinates 51°38′35″N 0°14′35″W / 51.643°N 0.243°W / 51.643; -0.243Coordinates: 51°38′35″N 0°14′35″W / 51.643°N 0.243°W / 51.643; -0.243
Operator(s) Private
Year built 1826
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type tower mill
Storeys Four storeys
Number of sails Four sails
Type of sails Two Patent sails and two Common sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Fantail
Auxiliary power Steam engine
Number of pairs of millstones Three pairs

Barnet Gate Mill or Arkley Windmill is a grade II* listed[1] Tower mill at Barnet Gate in the London Borough of Barnet, originally in Hertfordshire, which was built in 1823.[2]

History[edit]

Barnet Gate Mill was built in 1826.[2] A claim that it was built during the Napoleonic Wars (c.1800) has not been substantiated. Although steam had been added in 1895,[3] it was working by wind until 1918,[2] latterly on two sails. The mill was restored in 1930.[4] A new cap, fantail and gallery around the cap being made. The work was done by Thomas Hunt, the Soham millwright. Further restoration in 1985 saw the replacement of the missing pair of sails.[3]

Description[edit]

Barnet Gate Mill is a four storey tower mill with an ogee cap which has a gallery. It has two Patent sails and two Common sails carried on a cast iron windshaft. The cap is winded by a fantail.[3]

Machinery[edit]

The mill may have started life with two Common sails and two Spring sails carried on a wooden windshaft as the wooden clasp arm Brake Wheel has had to be fitted with packing pieces to enable it to fit the current windshaft, which being of iron is a smaller diameter that a wooden one would be. The Wallower is of cast iron, carried on a wooden upright shaft. This carries the Great Spur Wheel, which is of iron with wooden cogs and drove the two pairs of millstones underdrift. A third pair was added when steam power was installed. Only one pair of millstones remains today.[3]

Millers[edit]

  • John Whitehead 1843 - 1851
  • Frederick Edwards 1870 - 1899
  • Noah Edwards 1896 - 1918

References for above:-[3]

Public access[edit]

The mill is open to the public on one day a year.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ARKLEY WINDMILL, BARNET ROAD, BARNET, BARNET, GREATER LONDON". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  2. ^ a b c "HERTFORDSHIRE WINDMILLS". Anvil. Archived from the original on 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Moore, Cyril (1999). Hertfordshire Windmills & Windmillers. Sawbridgeworth: Windsup Publishing. pp. p42–44. ISBN 0-9533861-0-4. 
  4. ^ "Arkley and Barnet Gate". Barnet Online. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 

External links[edit]