West Street, Barnetby
Barnetby shown within Lincolnshire
|Population||1,593 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||145 mi (233 km) S|
|Unitary authority||North Lincolnshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Brigg and Goole|
Barnetby (or Barnetby le Wold) is a village and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England, between Scunthorpe and Grimsby. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 1,593. Barnetby railway station serves the village and surrounding area. The hamlet of Coskills is in Barnetby parish.
Despite being built up by the coming of the railway, the village has a long history. The village goes back over 1,000 years, and in the Domesday Book of 1086 the village appears as "Bernodebi" - which derives from the Scandinavian name "Beornnoth".
The redundant Church of St Mary on Church Hill is originally of Saxon origin, but the recent building contains more Norman architecture. The font inside the church is said[by whom?] to date from the times of King Stephen. On the northern side of the church a crude carving of a cat may be seen. St Mary's Church originally possessed a Norman lead font, which was the only one in Lincolnshire - being only 30 such examples in England. The font was moved to the newer church of St Barnabas and is now in the North Lincolnshire Museum, Scunthorpe. Despite being called "new", St Barnabas Church was completed in 1927, and is of brick construction. For many years the church hall was of wooden construction, but this was demolished and a modern brick hall built on the site. The church hall was the main venue for many village functions until a purpose built village hall was built during the 1980s alongside the playing fields. The other religious building in Barnetby is the Methodist Chapel and Hall on West Street.
Built by Truswells of Sheffield is 1875 the maltkiln building was a dominant feature of the village. Falling into disuse, the condition of the building deteriorated and is now demolished.
Just outside the village and alongside the A18 Brigg road is a set of ancient gallows. These were erected in the 17th Century on the orders of King James I as a deterrent to two local feuding families - the Ros's from Melton Ross and the Tyrwhits from Kettleby. This feud had been going of for over 300 years, and James I ordered that anyone subsequent death as a result of this long-standing feud would be treated as murder and that the offender would be hanged from the gallows. The adjacent woods are locally known as Gallows Wood.
The village has two public houses. Originally both with railway connections the one nearest the railway station used to be called the Station Hotel. Redevelopment of the hotel to include accommodation and a music studio resulted in the pub being renamed the "Whistle & Flute". The other pub is still called the Railway Inn and is located approximately 5 minutes walk from the railway station.
The village as it stands today is a direct result of the coming of the railway in 1848. Originally part of the Trent, Axholme & Grimsby Railway, it later passed into the hands of the Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway, thereafter becoming part of the Great Central Railway. In the 1923 grouping of railway companies the Great Central became the London & North Eastern Railway and finally in 1948 becoming British Railways before becoming Railtrack and ultimately the present-day Network Rail.
Although Barnetby had a small amount of rail freight traffic originating from it, most of the trains were passing through on the way to Immingham or Grimsby. In the other direction, freight trains such as the "Banbury fish" passed through. However, most of Barnetby's rail traffic was involved with the steel works at Scunthorpe, which was taken over by Corus. Although Lincolnshire has a reputation for being flat, this part of the county has several steep inclines and many freights required extra locomotives in order to cope with the gradients. For this purpose, a locomotive depot was built at nearby Wrawby junction - together with a turntable. Today, all that is left of the depot is the remains of the turntable pit which can just be seen in the undergrowth between the Brigg and Lincoln branch lines.
Although Barnetby's rail network has been significant rationalised, 21st Century Barnetby is still very busy. Almost 25 per cent of the Britain's bulk rail freight traffic passes through the village. The biggest volume is the imported coal to feed power stations and the nearby Corus steelworks at Scunthorpe. Iron Ore, petroleum products and steel also pass through in large quantities.
Bus transport in the village is served by a number of operators and is often dictated by various factors such as school and college periods and the market days in nearby Brigg. Stagecoach in Lincolnshire provides just one weekday service each way (on school days only) and two on Saturdays. Hornsby Travel Services provide a more frequent service on Mondays to Fridays known as the "Wolds Villager". The service was originally introduced by the local Unitary Authority of North Lincolnshire Council who still support and subsidise this service. There are no bus services on Sundays.
Humberside International Airport is 4 miles away with flights to Amsterdam, Aberdeen and various holiday destinations. An oil platform helicopter ferry operator is based at the airport as is the Humberside Police helicopter.
- Media related to Barnetby at Wikimedia Commons
- Barnetby-le-Wold Parish Council website
- Barnetby [-le-Wold] in the Domesday Book