Barneville-Carteret

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Barneville-Carteret
Carteret and Hatainville Beach, viewed from Cap de Carteret
Carteret and Hatainville Beach, viewed from Cap de Carteret
Coat of arms of Barneville-Carteret
Coat of arms
Barneville-Carteret is located in France
Barneville-Carteret
Barneville-Carteret
Coordinates: 49°22′54″N 1°45′05″W / 49.3817°N 1.7514°W / 49.3817; -1.7514Coordinates: 49°22′54″N 1°45′05″W / 49.3817°N 1.7514°W / 49.3817; -1.7514
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Manche
Arrondissement Cherbourg-Octeville
Canton Barneville-Carteret
Intercommunality Côte des Isles
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Luc Boussard
Area
 • Land1 10.29 km2 (3.97 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Population2 2,282
 • Population2 density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 50031 / 50270
Elevation 0–100 m (0–328 ft)
(avg. 47 m or 154 ft)
Website www.barneville-carteret.net

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Barneville-Carteret (aka Barneville and Carteret) is a coastal town in Normandy in north-western France. For many years it has been a popular French seaside resort destination.

Ancient history[edit]

The most ancient parts of Barneville-Carteret date to the Roman era. In the village of Barneville, behind the church, a motte-and-bailey castle was called the "hillock of Mallet" after the surname of Mallet de Carteret and Barneville. The square bell tower of the church has a parapet on blind arches, and was besieged by the English in September 1499.

Modern era[edit]

Seaside resort

Barneville and Carteret evolved into resorts during the Belle Epoque, when seaside holidays came into vogue.[2] In 1921, the area was classified as a "tourist town" (an official designation in France). Since 1995 it has been recognized as a Blue Flag beach, a designation awarded to seaside areas adhering to specific environmental standards.[3] The towns of Barneville-sur-mer and Carteret were combined into one municipality in 1965.

Overgrown concrete structure on beach
Entrance to German bunker at Carteret
Second World War

In June 1940 Carteret and Barneville were occupied by the German army, and Carteret became an important point on the Atlantic Wall. The fortifications of Barneville-sur-mer, Hatainville, Beaubigny and Carteret bore the codes "Wn 329", "Wn 326", "Wn 325", "Wn324d" and "R 612", and most of the reinforced-concrete structures are still visible.

The city was liberated during the invasion of Normandy. On June 18, 1944 an armored column of the 69th Regiment of the U.S. 9th Infantry Division entered Barneville, and after ten days of fighting the city was freed. U.S. troops remained until autumn 1945.

Geography[edit]

Barneville-Carteret covers an area of 10.29 km² (3.97 sq miles) and is situated on the north-western coast of France on the Cotentin Peninsula (also known as the Cherbourg Peninsula), close to the Channel Islands. It is approximately 300km (186 miles) from Paris.

Port of Carteret[edit]

The Port of Carteret is the present port of Barneville-Carteret. Sometimes called a "port of isles", it is located on the right bank of the mouth of the Gerfleur River, at the end of Cape Carteret. A rescue station was built in 1865. The large pier and south dike were completed in 1880; the following year, a ferry began service to Jersey. In 1945 the small port, used as a shelter for fishermen during spring tide, was enlarged with the help of combat engineers from the American 280th Battalion stationed in Carteret.[4]

Town of Barneville[edit]

Built on a hill with a plan dating to the Middle Ages, Barneville encircles the church of Saint Germanus of Auxerre. Its architecture is Romanesque, and it was fortified during the Middle Ages for coastal surveillance. The main shops and services of the area are here, and there is a market on Saturday. In the street below the town the remains of medieval walls that protected the city and seaside can be visited, offering a view of the harbor of Carteret, the sea and the Channel Islands.

Barneville Plage[edit]

Barneville Plage is a residential area consisting primarily of campsites and vacation homes. The city is quiet out of season, but experiences high traffic during the summer. The resort area spreads into the neighboring town, Saint-Jean-de-la-Rivière, which was built on an ancient dune.

Climate[edit]

The town has a temperate ocean climate, with an average humidity of 84 percent. Its location on the coast results in a strong sea breeze and frequent storms. There are significant seasonal variations in temperature, and rare days of frost (7.3 days a year). The combined effects of wind and tides cause rapid weather changes; in the course of a day, sun and rain can follow one another within a few hours. The influence of the Gulf Stream and the mild winters allow naturalization of Mediterranean and exotic plants, such as mimosas, palms and agave.

Climate data for Barneville-Carteret (Cap-de-la-Hague weather station)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
8.4
(47.1)
9.6
(49.3)
11.3
(52.3)
14
(57)
16.4
(61.5)
18.5
(65.3)
19.1
(66.4)
18
(64)
15.6
(60.1)
12.1
(53.8)
9.9
(49.8)
13.5
(56.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
6.5
(43.7)
7.6
(45.7)
9
(48)
11.5
(52.7)
14
(57)
16
(61)
16.7
(62.1)
15.7
(60.3)
13.5
(56.3)
10.2
(50.4)
8
(46)
11.3
(52.3)
Average low °C (°F) 5
(41)
4.6
(40.3)
5.6
(42.1)
6.8
(44.2)
9
(48)
11.5
(52.7)
13.5
(56.3)
14.3
(57.7)
13.5
(56.3)
11.4
(52.5)
8.3
(46.9)
6.1
(43)
9.1
(48.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 75.9
(2.988)
58
(2.28)
57
(2.24)
43.5
(1.713)
45.3
(1.783)
39.8
(1.567)
34.1
(1.343)
40.6
(1.598)
57.4
(2.26)
70.4
(2.772)
87.7
(3.453)
82.6
(3.252)
688.5
(27.106)
Source: [5]

Demographics[edit]

Each year, between the end of June and the beginning of September the area's population increases to more than 10,000.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Commune de Barneville-Carteret (50031)". Insee. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Guery, Jean-Louis (2010). The Normandy Coast from the Air: Cap de la Hague to Cap Fréhel. Adlard Coles Nautical. pp. 16–17. ISBN 9781408112762. 
  3. ^ "Face au CD130, Beach located in Basse-Normandie". Foundation for Environmental Education. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Barneville-Carteret, classified sea resort," promotional brochure, Tourist office of Barneville-Carteret, 1st quarter 2011, p. 17.
  5. ^ "Cap de la Hague". Infoclimat. Retrieved February 1, 2013.