Barnim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district in Germany. For other uses, see Barnim (disambiguation).
Barnim
District
Brandenburg BAR.svg
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Eberswalde
Area
 • Total 1,494 km2 (577 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 173,193
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration BAR, BER, EW
Website www.barnim.de

Barnim is a district in Brandenburg, Germany. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) Poland, the district of Märkisch-Oderland, the city state of Berlin and the districts of Oberhavel and Uckermark.

History[edit]

The name "Barnim" emerged in the 13th century and was applied to a large forest region east of the Havel and north of the Spree on the homonymous plateau, where noblemen used to hunt. The present district is roughly identical with, but somewhat smaller than this historical region.

The district was established in 1993 by merging the former districts of Bernau and Eberswalde.

Geography[edit]

Barnim extends from the Oder River to the outskirts of Berlin. The Oder River forms the eastern border. From here the Oder Havel Canal (connecting Oder and Havel) and the historical Finow Canal lead westwards to Eberswalde and beyond. The portions north of these artificial waterways are called Schorfheide. This is a forest region with several large lakes, e.g. Werbellinsee (8 km²), Grimnitzsee (8 km²) and Parsteiner See (10 km²). The Schorfheide is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and houses several rare animals like White-tailed Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, Osprey, Black Stork, European Beaver and otter.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Barnim:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 74 305
1890 85 169
1910 106 837
1925 115 955
1933 133 005
1939 154 918
1946 154 627
1950 159 481
1964 153 249
1971 155 650
Year Population
1981 156 734
1985 156 658
1989 153 978
1990 150 687
1991 148 751
1992 148 750
1993 149 143
1994 150 060
1995 151 783
1996 154 698
Year Population
1997 159 689
1998 163 937
1999 167 914
2000 170 288
2001 171 490
2002 172 382
2003 173 951
2004 175 681
2005 176 693
2006 177 396
Year Population
2007 177 589
2008 177 644
2009 176 904
2010 176 848
2011 172 572
2012 173 193

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms of the district resembles the coat of arms of the former district Oberbarnim. The only difference is that the old one had a silver top half and a red bottom half, while the current one is split into four parts and in the right half exchanged red and silver. The eagle in the top half is the eagle of Brandenburg.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Bernau bei Berlin
  2. Eberswalde
  3. Werneuchen


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Ahrensfelde
  2. Panketal
  3. Schorfheide
  4. Wandlitz

1. Biesenthal-Barnim

  1. Biesenthal1, 2
  2. Breydin
  3. Marienwerder
  4. Melchow
  5. Rüdnitz
  6. Sydower Fließ

2. Britz-Chorin-Oderberg

  1. Britz1
  2. Chorin
  3. Hohenfinow
  4. Liepe
  5. Lunow-Stolzenhagen
  6. Niederfinow
  7. Oderberg2
  8. Parsteinsee

3. Joachimsthal (Schorfheide)

  1. Althüttendorf
  2. Friedrichswalde
  3. Joachimsthal1, 2
  4. Ziethen
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Barnim at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°50′N 13°45′E / 52.833°N 13.750°E / 52.833; 13.750