Barnstaple (UK Parliament constituency)

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Barnstaple was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Barnstaple in Devon, in the South West of England. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1885, when its representation was reduced to one member.

The constituency was created in 1295, and abolished for the 1950 general election. The town of Barnstaple is today represented by the North Devon constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1295–1832[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
1372 Thomas Raymond
Jan. 1377 Thomas Raymond
Oct. 1377 Thomas Raymond[1]
1385 John Grey[2]
1386 John Bidewell Jocelin Antony
February 1388 Thomas Norris II William Long
September 1388 John Sampford Roger Rede
January 1390 Thomas Norris II Robert Crook
1391 John Aston Robert Cobbley
1393 Richard Colecote John Herberd
1394 Thomas Norris II John Bidewell
1395 Thomas Norris II John Bidewell
January 1397 Robert Napton Thomas Holman
1399 Thomas Hoper Walter Spencer
1402 Robert Napton John But
1406 Thomas Holman alias Pyers John Luttrell
1407 John Bakwell John Hunt
1410 Alfred Wonston John Foxley
1411 Nicholas Broomford Alfred Wonston
May 1413 Thomas Haseley John Broomford
November 1414 John Pyne John Walwyn
1420 William Weldo Walter Prideaux
May 1421 John More II Richard Wood
December 1421 John Cokeworthy II Sir John Trebell
1427 Sir John Trebell
1512 John Culme John Goddisland
1515 John Goddisland  ?
1529 Hugh Yeo Anthony Bury
1542 George Rolle  ?
1545 George Rolle George Haydon
1547 Sir James Wilford died 1550 and repl. by
Sir Arthur Champernowne
Bartholemew Traheron
1553 (Mar) William Gardiner Thomas Prideaux
1553 (Oct) Robert Carey Roger Worthe
1554 (Apr) Sir John Pollard George Ferrers
1554 (Nov) Robert Apley William Salusbury
1555 Robert Apley George Stapleton
1558 Richard Skinner William Salusbury
1558/9 Sir John Chichester John Darte
1562/3 Arthur Bassett Robert Apley
1571 Peter Wentworth[3] Robert Apley
1572 Vincent Skinner Robert Apley
1584 John Peryham Robert Prowse
1586 Thomas Hinson Lewis Darte
1588 Thomas Hinson John Doddridge
1593 George Chittinge Richard Leye
1597 Thomas Hinson George Peard
1601 Richard Martin[4] Edward Hancock
1604 Thomas Hinson George Pearde
1614 John Gostlin[5] John Delbridge
1621 John Delbridge Pentecost Dodderidge
1624 John Delbridge Pentecost Dodderidge
1625 John Delbridge Pentecost Dodderidge
1626 Sir Alexander St John John Delbridge
1628 Sir Alexander St John John Delbridge
1640 April George Peard Thomas Matthew
1640 November George Peard Richard Ferris
Peard died; Ferrers disabled
1646 Philip Skippon John Dodderidge
1653 Not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 John Dodderidge
1656 Sir John Coppleston
1659 Sir John Coppleston George Walters
1660 John Rolle Nicholas Dennys
1661 Sir John Chichester
1667 Sir John Northcote
1677 John Basset
February 1679 Sir Hugh Acland
October 1679 Arthur Acland
1680 Richard Lee
1685 Sir Arthur Chichester
1689 Richard Lee
1690 Sir George Hutchins Arthur Champneys
1695 Sir Nicholas Hooper
1705 Samuel Rolle
1708 Richard Acland
1713 Sir Arthur Chichester
1715 John Rolle
1718 John Basset
1721 Sir Hugh Acland
1722 Lieutenant-General Thomas Whetham
1727 Richard Coffin Theophilus Fortescue
1734 Sir John Chichester
1740 John Basset
1741 John Harris Henry Rolle
1747 Thomas Benson
1748 Sir Bourchier Wrey
1754 John Harris Whig George Amyand [6] Whig
1761 Denys Rolle
1766 John Clevland Whig
1774 William Devaynes
1780 Francis Basset
1784 William Devaynes
1796 Richard Wilson
1802 William Devaynes Captain Sir Edward Pellew
1804 Viscount Ebrington Whig
1806 William Taylor
1807 George Woodford Thellusson
January 1812 William Busk
October 1812 Sir Manasseh Masseh Lopes [7] Tory Sir Eyre Coote
1818 Francis Molyneux Ommanney
1820 Michael Nolan
1824 Frederick Hodgson
1826 Henry Alexander
1830 Stephens Lyne-Stephens George Tudor
1831 Frederick Hodgson John Chichester Whig
1832 Charles St John Fancourt Conservative
1837 Frederick Hodgson Conservative
1841 Montague Gore Conservative
1847 Richard Bremridge Conservative Hon. John Fortescue Whig
1852 [8] Sir William Fraser Conservative
1854 John Laurie [9] Conservative Richard Samuel Guinness Conservative
1855 George Stucley Buck Conservative
1857 John Laurie Conservative Sir William Fraser Conservative
1859 John Ferguson Davie Liberal George Potts Liberal
1863 Thomas Lloyd [10] Liberal
1864 Richard Bremridge Conservative
1865 Sir George Stucley Stucley Conservative Thomas Cave Liberal
1868 Charles Henry Williams Conservative
1874 Samuel Danks Waddy Liberal
February 1880 Viscount Lymington Liberal
April 1880 Sir Robert Walter Carden Conservative
1885 Representation reduced to one member

1885–1950[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 George Pitt-Lewis Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Alfred Billson Liberal
1895 Sir William Cameron Gull Liberal Unionist
1900 Ernest Joseph Soares Liberal
1911 Sir Godfrey Baring, Bt Liberal
1918 Tudor Rees Liberal
1922 Basil Edward Peto Conservative
1923 Tudor Rees Liberal
1924 Sir Basil Edward Peto Unionist
1935 Sir Richard Thomas Dyke Acland Liberal
1942 Common Wealth
1945 Christopher Henry Maxwell Peto Conservative
1950 constituency abolished

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/raymond-thomas-1418
  2. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/grey-john-i-1413
  3. ^ His DNB article.
  4. ^  "Martin, Richard (1570–1618)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  5. ^  "Gostlin, John (1566?–1626)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  6. ^ Created a baronet, 1764
  7. ^ Lopes was re-elected at the general election of 1818, but on petition was unseated for bribery
  8. ^ At the election of 1852 Fraser and Bremridge were declared elected, but on petition the election was declared void and the constituency's writ was suspended. After investigation by a Royal Commission, a new writ was issued and a by-election was held
  9. ^ Laurie's election at the by-election of 1854 was declared void on petition, and a second by-election held
  10. ^ On petition, Lloyd's election was declared void and after scrutiny of the votes Bremridge was declared duly elected

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Ernest Soares
General Election January 1906: Barnstaple[1]

Electorate 12,908

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ernest Joseph Soares 6,510 59.3 +7.5
Conservative William Edgar Horne 4,465 40.7 -7.5
Majority 2,045 18.6 15.0
Turnout 85.0
Liberal hold Swing +7.5

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Barnstaple[2]

Electorate 13,126

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ernest Joseph Soares 6,236 53.8
Liberal Unionist George Borwick 5,354 46.2
Majority 882 7.6
Turnout 88.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Barnstaple[3]

Electorate 13,126

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ernest Joseph Soares 6,047 54.0
Liberal Unionist Charles Sandbach Parker 5,155 46.0
Majority 892 8.0
Turnout 85.3
Liberal hold Swing
Godfrey Baring
Barnstaple by-election, 1911

Electorate 13,595

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Godfrey Baring 6,239 52.0 -2.0
Liberal Unionist Charles Sandbach Parker 5,751 48.0 +2.0
Majority 4.0 -4.0
Turnout 88.2
Liberal hold Swing -2.0
General Election 1918: Barnstaple [4]

Electorate 31,790

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Capt. John Thomas Tudor Rees 11,281 51.4 -0.6
Unionist Charles Sandbach Parker 10,679 48.6 +0.6
Majority 602 2.8 -1.2
Turnout 69.1 -19.1
Liberal hold Swing -0.6

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Barnstaple [5]

Electorate 33,004

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Basil Edward Peto 13,793 50.3 +1.7
Liberal John Thomas Tudor Rees 13,619 49.7 -1.7
Majority 174 0.6 3.4
Turnout 83.1 +14.0
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +1.7
General Election 1923: Barnstaple [6]

Electorate 33,939

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Thomas Tudor Rees 14,880 50.1
Unionist Basil Edward Peto 13,614 45.8
Labour Richard W Gifford 1,225 4.1 n/a
Majority 1,266 4.3
Turnout 87.6
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1924: Barnstaple [7]

Electorate 34,632

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Basil Edward Peto 15,479 52.0
Liberal John Thomas Tudor Rees 14,284 48.0
Majority 1,195 4.0
Turnout 85.9
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Barnstaple [8]

Electorate 43,596

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Basil Edward Peto 17,382 45.9 -6.1
Liberal David Marshall Mason 16,593 43.9 -4.1
Labour D. E. Mullins 3,864 10.2 n/a
Majority 789 2.0 2.0
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing -1.0

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Barnstaple [9]

Electorate 44,452

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Basil Edward Peto 20,028 52.2 +6.3
Liberal Richard Thomas Dyke Acland 18,318 47.8 +3.9
Majority 1,710 4.5 +2.5
Turnout 38,346 86.3
Conservative hold Swing +1.2
General Election 1935: Barnstaple [10]

Electorate 45,830

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Thomas Dyke Acland 19,432 50.6
Conservative Benjamin Garnet Lampard-Vachell 18,978 49.4
Majority 454 1.2
Turnout 83.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Liberal: Sir Richard Acland[11]
  • Conservative: Sir Edward Charles Benthall

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Barnstaple [12]

Electorate 55,170

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Henry Maxwell Peto 17,822 42.6
Liberal Mark Bonham Carter 13,752 32.9
Labour Ivor Arthur J Williams 10,237 24.5
Majority 4,070 9.7
Turnout 41,811 75.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig