The Cellarer's Chequer, Barnwell Priory.
Barnwell shown within Cambridgeshire
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Barnwell is a suburb of Cambridge in England. It lies northeast of the city, with Cambridge Airport located immediately to the east. It forms part of the ecclesiastical parish of St Andrew the Less and was the site of Barnwell Priory.
The history of Barnwell effectively began with the creation of the house of Canons Regular in 1092 by Picot, Lord of Bourn and Madingley and sheriff of Cambridgeshire at the time of the Domesday Book. The house was originally near Cambridge Castle but moved to Barnwell in around 1119 and became Barnwell Priory.
By the 14th century the city of Cambridge was divided into seven wards, of which the smallest was Barnwell Ward, believed to cover the few houses along the Newmarket Road that fell outside the city's Barnwell Gate. In 1835 the city comprised five wards: East Barnwell, West Barnwell, Market, Trinity, and St. Andrew's, demonstrating the development in the area. Of the city's current fourteen wards, the Barnwell area is covered by the Abbey Ward, which itself takes its name from Barnwell Priory.
By the mid-19th century, Barnwell was a rough area inhabited predominantly by railway workers and manual labourers such as those mining fossil beds. Ion Keith-Falconer opened a mission in a local theatre in 1875 in an attempt to reduce poverty in the area. The astronomer William Scott also worked in the slums in the 1850s as a curate.
Known as Bernewell in the 13th century, and before that Beornewelle, the name Barnwell means "well of Beorna", where Beorna is a name meaning "warrior". The common belief that it derives from bearn, an old word for a child, is incorrect.
Barnwell has long since ceased to exist as a separate entity, having been absorbed into the city of Cambridge. Now part of Abbey Ward, there is no official geographical entity bearing the name and it no longer appears on Ordnance Survey maps of Cambridge.
The name lives on as the name of streets (Barnwell Road, Barnwell Drive), geographical features (Barnwell Lake), public services (East Barnwell Health Centre, East Barnwell Community Centre, Barnwell Baptist Church) and organisations (Barnwell Business Park, Barnwell Florists).
- The cricketer Jack Hobbs (1882-1963) was born in Barnwell
- "History of the Leper Chapel".
- A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely 2. 1948. pp. 234–249.
- A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely 3. 1959. pp. 111–113.
- Barnwell Junction Station
- Walter W. Skeat (1901). The Placenames of Cambridgeshire.