Baron Carrington

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Robert Wynn-Carington,
1st Marquess of Lincolnshire

Baron Carrington is a title that has been created three times, once in the Peerage of England, once in the Peerage of Ireland and once in the Peerage of Great Britain. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1643 in favour of Sir Charles Smyth. Only a few days later he was created Viscount Carrington in the Peerage of Ireland. For more information, see this title. The second creation came in 1796 when Robert Smith was created Baron Carrington, of Bulcot Lodge, in the Peerage of Ireland. He had earlier represented Nottingham in the House of Commons. Only one year later, in 1797, he was made Baron Carrington, of Upton in the County of Nottingham, in the Peerage of Great Britain. His son, the second Baron, sat as a Member of Parliament for Wendover, Buckinghamshire and High Wycombe and served as Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire. In 1880 he owned 25,809 acres (104.45 km2) of land in Buckinghamshire, Lincolnshire and Bedfordshire, giving an annual rental income of £42,254 (John Bateman: "The Great Landowners of Great Britain and Ireland").

His son, the third Baron, was a prominent Liberal politician. He was created Viscount Wendover, of Chepping Wycombe in the County of Buckingham, and Earl Carrington, in 1895, and Marquess of Lincolnshire, in 1912. These three titles were all in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Under King George V, Lord Lincolnshire held also the Lord Great Chamberlainship, 25% of which he inherited from his mother. His only son and heir, Albert Edward Samuel Charles Robert Wynn-Carrington, Viscount Wendover, was killed in action in the First World War. Consequently, on Lord Lincolnshire's death in 1928 the viscountcy, earldom and marquessate became extinct. The Lord Great Chamberlainship was inherited by his five daughters as co-heiresses (5% each).

The baronies of Carrington passed to his younger brother, the fourth Baron. He had earlier represented Buckinghamshire in Parliament as a Liberal. As of 2010 the titles are held by his grandson, the sixth Baron, who succeeded his father in 1938. Lord Carrington is a noted Conservative politician and served as Foreign Secretary from 1979 to 1982 and as Secretary-General of NATO from between 1984 and 1988. In 1999 he was given a life peerage as Baron Carington of Upton, of Upton in the County of Nottinghamshire (spelled with a single "r"), and is therefore still a member of the House of Lords despite the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999. As of 2013 he is the longest-serving member of the House of Lords after the death of George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe.

The Hon. Sir William Carington, second son of the second Baron, was a soldier, politician and courtier.

The Barons Carrington are related to the Barons Bicester. The first Baron Carrington's younger brother John Smith was the great-grandfather of Vivian Hugh Smith, who was created Baron Bicester in 1938. Also, Abel Smith, father of the first Baron Carrington, was the brother of George Smith, who was created a baronet in 1757 (see Bromley baronets), and of Thomas Smith, grandfather of Julian Pauncefote, 1st Baron Pauncefote.

Barons Carington, First Creation (1643)[edit]

Barons Carrington, Second & Third Creations (1796; 1797)[edit]

Marquesses of Lincolnshire (1912)[edit]

Barons Carrington, Second & Third Creations (1796; 1797; Reverted)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's only son Hon. Rupert Francis John Carington (born 1948).
The heir apparent's heir apparent is his son Robert Carington (born 1990).

Arms[edit]

Arms of Baron Carrington
Coat of Arms of Peter, 6th Baron Carrington.svg
Notes
6th Baron Carrington since 1938
Coronet
A coronet of a Baron
Crest
An elephant's head, crased, Or, eared Gules, charged on the neck with three fleurs-de-lis, two and one, Azure.
Torse
Mantling Or and Sable.
Escutcheon
Or a chevron cotised, between three demi-griffins couped those in chief respectant Sable.[1]
Supporters
On either side a griffin Sable, winged, beaked, and membered Or, the dexter charged on the body with three Fleur-de-lis and the sinister with three trefoils Or.
Motto
TENAX ET FIDELIS
Latin: Tenacious and faithful
Orders
The Order of the Garter circlet (for 6th Baron Carrington).[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chesshyre, Hubert (1996), The Friends of St. George's & Descendants of the Knights of the Garter Annual Review 1995/96 VII, p. 287 
  2. ^ Burke, John. A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage... London: H. Colburn and R. Bentley, 1832. Volumen 1, p.217. Retrieved 19 December 2013.

References[edit]

External links[edit]