Baron Sandys

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Samuel Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys

Baron Sandys is a title that has been created three times, once in the Peerage of England, once in the Peerage of Great Britain and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The title of Baron Sandys, of The Vyne, was created in the Peerage of England in 1523 for William Sandys, the favourite of King Henry VIII. It passed through several generations of his descendants until it fell into abeyance circa 1683 at the death of the eighth Baron, in which state it has remained since.

The title was created for a second time in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1743 when the former Chancellor of the Exchequer Samuel Sandys was made Baron Sandys, of Ombersley, in the County of Worcester.[1] This title became extinct on the death of his son Edwin, the second Baron, in 1797. The family estates were inherited by Edwin's niece Mary Hill, Marchioness of Downshire, widow of Arthur Hill, 2nd Marquess of Downshire. In 1802 the barony of Sandys was revived in favour of her when she was created Baroness Sandys, of Ombersley in the County of Worcester, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The title was created with remainder to her younger sons Lord Arthur Moyses William Hill, Lord Marcus Hill, Lord Augustus Hill and Lord George Hill successively, and failing them to her eldest son Arthur Blundell Hill, 3rd Marquess of Downshire.

She was succeeded according to the special remainder by her second son Lord Arthur Moyses William, the second Baron. He was a Lieutenant-General in the Army and also represented County Down in the House of Commons. He never married and was succeeded by his next brother, the third Baron. He sat as Member of Parliament for Newry and Evesham. In 1861 Lord Sandys assumed by Royal licence the surname of Sandys in lieu of Hill. This line of the family failed on the death of his younger son, the fifth Baron, in 1904. The late Baron was succeeded by his second cousin once removed, the sixth Baron. He was the grandson of Lord George Hill, fifth son of the first Baroness.

The sixth baron's son, the seventh Baron, succeeded in 1961. Lord Sandys notably served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard between 1979 and 1983 in the Conservative administration of Margaret Thatcher. However, he lost his seat in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act of 1999. He died on 11 February 2013[2] and was succeeded in the peerage, under the terms of the special remainder, by the ninth Marquess of Downshire.

The family seat is Ombersley Court near Droitwich in Worcestershire.

Barons Sandys, first creation (1523)[edit]

  • William Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys (c. 1470–1540)
  • Thomas Sandys, 2nd Baron Sandys (d. 1560)
  • William Sandys, 3rd Baron Sandys (d. 1623)
  • William Sandys, 4th Baron Sandys (d. 1629)
  • Elizabeth Sandys, 5th Baroness Sandys (d. c. 1645)
  • William Sandys, 6th Baron Sandys (c. 1626–1668)
  • Henry Sandys, 7th Baron Sandys (d. c.1680)
  • Edwin Sandys, 8th Baron Sandys (d. c. 1683)

Barons Sandys, second creation (1743)[edit]

Barons Sandys, third creation (1802)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 8286. p. 3. 20 December 1743. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
  2. ^ "Telegraph Announcements - Sandys". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 27 February 2013.