Baron Stanley of Alderley

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Arthur Stanley (1875–1931), 5th Baron Stanley of Alderley, 5th Baron Sheffield and 4th Baron Eddisbury, who was known as Lord Sheffield

Baron Stanley of Alderley, in the County of Chester, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1839 for the politician and landowner Sir John Stanley, 7th Baronet. Upon his death in 1850, he was succeeded as 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley and 8th Baronet of Alderley Hall by his son Edward, who was a prominent Liberal politician and notably served as President of the Board of Trade, Postmaster General and had in 1848 been created Baron Eddisbury, of Winnington in the County Palatine of Chester, in his own right. His wife Henrietta was a prominent campaigner for women's education. After his death, the Stanley of Alderley and Eddisbury baronies remained united; most holders have since chosen to be known as Lord Stanley of Alderley. The 3rd Baron Stanley of Alderley had a career in the Diplomatic Service; as he was childless he was succeeded by his younger brother, the 4th Baron. He was Liberal Member of Parliament for Oldham. In 1909, the 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley acquired a further title when he succeeded his first cousin once removed, the Earl of Sheffield, according to a special remainder and thus inherited the title of 4th Baron Sheffield. After his death the titles passed to his son, the 5th Baron Stanley of Alderley, who preferred to be known as Lord Sheffield. He was Liberal Member of Parliament for Eddisbury and also served as Governor of Victoria. His eldest son, the 6th Baron Stanley of Alderley, sold the family seat of Alderley Hall in 1938. He was married four times, the second time to Sylvia Ashley. On his death the titles passed to his younger brother, who also preferred to be known as Lord Sheffield. He only held the titles for three months. As of 2013 the titles are held by the latter's cousin, the 9th Baron Stanley of Alderley, who succeeded his father in that year. He is the grandson of the Hon. Oliver Hugh Stanley, youngest son of the 4th Baron.

The Stanley Baronetcy, of Alderley Hall in the County of Chester, was created in the Baronetage of England in 1660 for the barrister Thomas Stanley. He was a descendant of the Hon. Sir John Stanley, third son of Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley (whose eldest son was created Earl of Derby in 1485). He was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He was High Sheriff of Cheshire in 1678. His great-grandson, the sixth Baronet, was a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber. His eldest son was the seventh Baronet, who was elevated to the peerage in 1839. See above for further succession. As a descendant of the first Baron Stanley, the holders of the barony of Stanley of Alderley are also in remainder to this peerage, held by their kinsmen the Earls of Derby.

The Right Reverend Edward Stanley, second son of the sixth Baronet, was Bishop of Norwich. The Hon. Venetia Stanley was the youngest daughter of the fourth Baron.

The London house of the Stanley family at 40 Dover Street was purchased by The Arts Club, a club for gentlemen interested in the arts, in 1896. It remains there to this day.

Stanley Baronets, of Alderley Hall (1660)[edit]

  • Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Baronet (1597–1672)
  • Sir Peter Stanley, 2nd Baronet (1626–1683)
  • Sir Thomas Stanley, 3rd Baronet (1652–1721)
  • Sir James Stanley, 4th Baronet (died 1747)
  • Sir Edward Stanley, 5th Baronet (died 1755)
  • Sir John Thomas Stanley, 6th Baronet (1735–1807)
  • Sir John Thomas Stanley, 7th Baronet (1766–1850) (created Baron Stanley of Alderley in 1839)

Barons Stanley of Alderley (1839)[edit]

The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother Hon. Charles Ernest Stanley (born 1960).

See also[edit]

References[edit]