Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal
Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, of Mount Royal in the Province of Quebec and Dominion of Canada and of Glencoe in the County of Argyll, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1900 for the Scottish-born Canadian financier and politician Donald Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, with remainder in default of male issue to his only daughter Margaret Charlotte. Smith had already been created Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, of Glencoe in the County of Argyll and of Mount Royal in the Province of Quebec and Dominion of Canada, in 1897, with remainder to the issue male of his body. This title was also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
On his death in 1914 the barony of 1897 became extinct while he was succeeded according to the special remainder in the barony of 1900 by his daughter. She was the wife of Robert Jared Bliss Howard, a surgeon. Their eldest son, the third Baron, represented North Cumberland in the British House of Commons as a Unionist from 1922 to 1926 and served in the National Government as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from 1931 to 1934 and as Under-Secretary of State for War from 1934 to 1939. As of 2010[update] the title is held by the latter's son, the fourth Baron, who succeeded in 1959. He served under Margaret Thatcher as a Minister of State at the Ministry of Defence from 1979 to 1981.
Through his estate, the first Baron bequeathed nearly $2 million to educational institutions, including $500,000 to Yale University. Accordingly, Sheffield-Sterling-Strathcona Hall, a classroom and administration building on Yale's campus, is partially named in his honor.
Barons Strathcona and Mount Royal, First creation (1897)
Barons Strathcona and Mount Royal, Second creation (1900)
- Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal (1820–1914)
- Margaret Charlotte Howard, 2nd Baroness Strathcona and Mount Royal (1854–1926)
- Donald Stirling Palmer Howard, 3rd Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal (1891–1959)
- (Donald) Euan Palmer Howard, 4th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal (b. 1923)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. (Donald) Alexander Smith Howard (b. 1961)
The heir apparent's heir is his son (Donald) Angus Ruaridh Royal (b. 1994)
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]